Our English Cafe 변형문제 TFT 4 기 2017 년 6 월고 2 학력평가 출제를위해수고하신선생님들...( 알파벳및가나다순 ) brave 선생님 Dreambird 선생님 EnglishVirus 선생님 esperanto79 선생님 geneet 선생님 Grea

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1 교사용 본자료는무단도용및타사이트에게시를금하며, 판매용이아닌아잉카회원배포용입니다.

2 Our English Cafe 변형문제 TFT 4 기 2017 년 6 월고 2 학력평가 출제를위해수고하신선생님들...( 알파벳및가나다순 ) brave 선생님 Dreambird 선생님 EnglishVirus 선생님 esperanto79 선생님 geneet 선생님 GreatAh 선생님 iiwishii 선생님 kooky 선생님 Landon 선생님 neown 선생님 no.1 영쌤선생님 realfunk77 선생님 Sarah Sarah 선생님규림재희아빠선생님달링선생님대박을원해요선생님 데일리킹스선생님딸기젬스선생님민트향기좋아선생님백여시선생님 버민선생님빨간개굴선생님서원이고모선생님서희쌤선생님 순샘선생님아이니선생님올리비아배선생님와이즈문선생님 은갈치선생님장돼지선생님콩쌤선생님파란소선생님 푸른돌선생님하나되기선생님한량선생님현믿음아빠선생님 호주호주호주호주선생님 이상문제출제를위해수고하신 37 명의선생님에게감사를드립니다. Our English Cafe 변형문제검수 검수를위해수고하신아잉카스텝진 22 명의선생님들에게감사를드립니다. Our English Cafe 변형문제편집및감수 기획편집 최종감수 Uthleader 선생님 Isaac 선생님

3 1. 다음글의요지로가장적절한것은? [201706H2_31 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] There are countless examples of scientific inventions that have been generated by accident. However, often this accident has required a person with above-average knowledge in the field to interpret it. One of the better-known examples of the cooperation between chance and a researcher is the invention of penicillin. In 1928, Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming went on a vacation. As a slightly careless man, Fleming left some bacterial cultures on his desk. When he returned, he noticed mold in one of his cultures, with a bacteria-free zone around it. The mold was from the penicillium notatum species, which had killed the bacteria on the Petri dish. This was a lucky coincidence. For a person who does not have expert knowledge, the bacteria-fee zone would not have had much significance, but Fleming understood the magical effect of the mold. The result was penicillin a medication that has saved countless people on the planet. * culture ( 세균등의 ) 배양균 ** mold 곰팡이 1 우연에의한발명이과학을발전시킨다. 2 우연과전문가의협업으로발명이이루어졌다. 3 발명은전문적인지식의과학자만이할수있다. 4 페니실린의발명으로수많은인명을구할수있었다. 5 곰팡이와박테리아의관계로페니실린이발명되었다. (A) The remainder of the colony votes with their bodies, flying to the spot they prefer and joining in the dance until one potential hive overcomes all other dances of the neighborhood. It would be great if Congress settled their disagreements the same way. (B) Each scout performs a waggle dance for other scouts in an attempt to convince them of their spot s merit. The more enthusiastic the dance is, the happier the scout is with his spot. (C) If any scouts disagree on where the colony should build its next hive, they argue their case the civilized way: through a dance-off. 1 (A) - (C) - (B) 3 (B) - (C) - (A) 5 (C) - (B) - (A) * colony ( 개미, 벌등의 ) 집단, 군집 2 (B) - (A) - (C) 4 (C) - (A) - (B) 3. 글의흐름으로보아, 주어진문장이들어가기에가 장적절한곳을고르시오. [201706H2_33 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] Paradoxically, when you ask basic questions, you will more than likely be perceived by others to be smarter. 2. 주어진글다음에이어질글의순서로가장적절한 것을고르시오. [201706H2_32 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] Honeybees have evolved what we call swarm intelligence, with up to 50,000 workers in a single colony coming together to make democratic decisions. When a hive gets too crowded in springtime, colonies send scouts to look for a new home. Confident leaders are not afraid to ask the basic questions: the questions to which you may feel embarrassed about not already knowing the answers. ( 1 ) When you don t know something, admit it as quickly as possible and immediately take action 一 ask a question. ( 2 ) If you have forgotten who the governor is or how many hydrogen atoms are in a molecule of water, quietly ask a friend but one way or the other, quit hiding, and take action. ( 3 ) And more importantly, you ll end up knowing far more over your lifetime. ( 4 ) This approach will cause you to be more successful than you would have been had you employed the common practice of pretending to know more than you do. ( 5 ) To make good leaders, effective teachers encourage, invite, and even force their students to ask those fundamental questions

4 4. 다음글의요지로가장적절한것은? [201706H2_34 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] We are extremely responsive to what we perceive people around us to be doing. This unconscious function has helped us make quick and good life saving decisions throughout history. A study has shown how powerful this factor is. One practical experiment was an experiment conducted where a hotel wished their guests to reuse the towels in their rooms. They decided to put out a few signs. The first sign cited environmental reasons and the second sign said the hotel would donate a portion of end of year laundry savings. The third sign showed the majority of guests reused their towels at least once during their stay. To their surprise, guests responded most positively to the third sign. If you want to influence people to act a certain way, there are few more powerful methods than to give the impression that others are doing the action you desire them to do. 5. 글의흐름으로보아, 주어진문장이들어가기에가 장적절한곳을고르시오. [201706H2_35 순서추론 _ 변형 ] Suppose that the price of frozen yogurt falls. The law of demand says that you will buy more frozen yogurt. At the same time, you will probably buy less ice cream. This is because ice cream and frozen yogurt are both cold and sweet desserts, satisfying similar desires. When a fall in the price of one good reduces the demand for another good, the two goods are called substitutes. They are often pairs of goods that are used in place of each other, like hot dogs and hamburgers. Now suppose that the price of chocolate topping falls. According to the law of demand, you will buy more chocolate topping. Yet, in this case, you will likely buy more ice cream as well, since ice cream and topping are often used together. When a fall in the price of one good raises the demand for another good, the two goods are called complements. 1 We need even an unconscious imitation. 2 The hotel has a way to persuage hotel guests to use towels again 3 It is necessary for the guests to reuse the items. 4 The way to induce others to take action. 5 There is a solution to solve the problem of reusing the hotel towels. If an increase in the (A) of one good leads to an increase or a decrease in the (B) for the other good, two goods are called substitutes or complements. (A) (B) 1 price supply 2 price demand 3 quality recognition 4 quantity demand 5 quantity supply - 4 -

5 6. 다음글의밑줄친부분중, 어법상틀린것은? [201706H2_36 순서추론 _ 변형 ] Most habits are probably good when they are first formed. That is, for many of the habits 1 that you do not create intentionally, there must have been some value to 2 performing that particular behavior. That value is what causes you to repeat the behavior often enough to create the habit. Some habits become bad, because a behavior that 3 has rewarding elements to it at one time also has negative consequences that may not have been obvious when the habit began. Overeating is one such habit. You may know conceptually 4 what eating too much is a problem. But when you actually overeat, there are few really negative consequences in the moment. So you do it again and again. Eventually, though, you ll start to gain weight. By the time you really notice this, your habit of eating too much is deeply 5 rooted. 1 (A) - (C) - (B) 3 (B) - (C) - (A) 5 (C) - (B) - (A) 2 (B) - (A) - (C) 4 (C) - (A) - (B) 8. 주어진글다음에이어질글의순서로가장적절한 것을고르시오. [201706H2_38 문장삽입 _ 변형 ] 7. 주어진글다음에이어질글의순서로가장적절한 것을고르시오. [201706H2_37 문장삽입 _ 변형 ] The world can be a different and better place if, while you are here, you give of yourself. (A) This instinctive exchange gradually helped the sick twin to recover and regain his health. The babies family and the doctors witnessed the intangible force of love and the incredible power of giving. (B) A nurse on the floor repeatedly suggested that the twins be kept together in one incubator. The doctors finally agreed to try this. When the twins were brought into contact with each other, the healthy twin immediately put his arms around his sick brother. (C) This concept became clear to Azim one day when he was watching television at an airport terminal while waiting for a flight. A priest was sharing a story about newborn twins, one of whom was ill. The twins were in separate incubators, as per hospital rules. * intangible 만질수없는 It is vitally important that wherever we go and whatever we do the body temperature is maintained at the temperature at which our enzymes work best (A) At only a few degrees above or below normal body temperature our enzymes cannot function properly. If this goes on for any length of time the reactions in our cells cannot continue and we die. All sorts of things can affect internal body temperature, including heat generated in the muscles during exercise, fevers caused by disease, and the external temperature. (B) We can control our temperature in lots of ways: we can change our clothing, the way we behave and how active we are. But we also have an internal control mechanism: when we get too hot we start to sweat. (C) It is not the temperature at the surface of the body which matters. It is the temperature deep inside the body which must be kept stable. * enzyme 효소 1 (A) - (C) - (B) 2 (B) - (A) - (C) 3 (B) - (C) - (A) 4 (C) - (A) - (B) 5 (C) - (B) - (A) - 5 -

6 9. 다음글의주제로가장적절한것은? [201706H2_39 무관한문장찾기 _ 변형 ] Food shortages caused by global warming could force as many as 1 billion people to leave their homes by 2050, according to the Earth Institute, a New York-based aid agency. Hardest hit may be Africa, which could lose two-thirds of its cropland due to desertification, which occurs when the land loses its ability to produce vegetation and turns into deserts. Although many scientists expect climate change to result in more rainfall, some areas could experience droughts because rainfall is sporadic or falls in concentrations in some places but misses others. Also, desertification could occur because warmer temperatures draw moisture out of the soil. When regions can no longer produce food, people will be forced to move to other areas, making them climate refugees. 1 role of Earth Institute 2 definition of climate refugees 3 a new way to cultivate croplands. * sporadic 산발적인 4 each country's efforts to prevent desertification 5 the seriousness of damage caused by global warming 10. 다음글의요지로가장적절한것은? [201706H2_40 요약문추론 _ 변형 ] The self is formed by social forces, by looking outwards as well as inwards. One way in which other people shape who you are is described by Leon Festinger s theory. Simply put, imagine that you feel like you re good at math because you came top of your class. But you feel that you re bad at dancing after seeing other people at the school disco. These facts aren t objective, of course. If you happen to be placed in a classroom of future professional statisticians, inevitably you feel relatively bad at math. On the upside, you may feel like you re better at dancing. Festinger realized that these social comparisons aren t entirely accidental. Humans actively seek out particular people and select particular skills or attributes for comparison. 1 Self-formation happens accidently. 2 The Self is more objective than subjective. 3 Humans seem to be affected by social status. 4 People continue to struggle with others to find themselves. 5 People shape self-image by comparing themselves with others in their surroundings

7 2017년 06월고2 학력평가변형문제 3회정답