Our English Cafe 변형문제 TFT 4 기 2017 년 6 월고 2 학력평가 출제를위해수고하신선생님들...( 알파벳및가나다순 ) brave 선생님 Dreambird 선생님 EnglishVirus 선생님 esperanto79 선생님 geneet 선생님 Grea

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1 학생용 본자료는무단도용및타사이트에게시를금하며, 판매용이아닌아잉카회원배포용입니다.

2 Our English Cafe 변형문제 TFT 4 기 2017 년 6 월고 2 학력평가 출제를위해수고하신선생님들...( 알파벳및가나다순 ) brave 선생님 Dreambird 선생님 EnglishVirus 선생님 esperanto79 선생님 geneet 선생님 GreatAh 선생님 iiwishii 선생님 kooky 선생님 Landon 선생님 neown 선생님 no.1 영쌤선생님 realfunk77 선생님 Sarah Sarah 선생님규림재희아빠선생님달링선생님대박을원해요선생님 데일리킹스선생님딸기젬스선생님민트향기좋아선생님백여시선생님 버민선생님빨간개굴선생님서원이고모선생님서희쌤선생님 순샘선생님아이니선생님올리비아배선생님와이즈문선생님 은갈치선생님장돼지선생님콩쌤선생님파란소선생님 푸른돌선생님하나되기선생님한량선생님현믿음아빠선생님 호주호주호주호주선생님 이상문제출제를위해수고하신 37 명의선생님에게감사를드립니다. Our English Cafe 변형문제검수 검수를위해수고하신아잉카스텝진 22 명의선생님들에게감사를드립니다. Our English Cafe 변형문제편집및감수 기획편집 최종감수 Uthleader 선생님 Isaac 선생님

3 1. ( 서술형 ) 다음빈칸에들어갈알맞은단어를쓰시 오. [201706H2_31 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] There are countless examples of scientific inventions that have been generated by accident. However, often this accident has required a person with above average knowledge in the field to interpret it. One of the better known examples of the cooperation between chance and a researcher is the invention of penicillin. In 1928, Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming went on a vacation. As a slightly careless man, Fleming left some bacterial cultures on his desk. When he returned, he noticed mold in one of his cultures, with a bacteria free zone around it. The mold was from the penicillium notatum species, which had killed the bacteria on the Petri dish. This was a lucky c. For a person who does not have expert knowledge, the bacteria free zone would not have had much significance, but Fleming understood the magical effect of the mold. The result was penicillin a medication that has saved countless people on the planet. * culture ( 세균등의 ) 배양균 ** mold 곰팡이 2. ( 서술형 ) 다음밑줄친우리말을보기의단어를사 용하여알맞게완성하시오. [201706H2_31 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] There are countless examples of scientific inventions that have been generated by accident. However, often this accident has required a person with above average knowledge in the field to interpret it. One of the better known examples of the cooperation between chance and a researcher is the invention of penicillin. In 1928, Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming went on a vacation. As a slightly careless man, Fleming left some bacterial cultures on his desk. When he returned, he noticed mold in one of his cultures, with a bacteria free zone around it. The mold was from the penicillium notatum species, which had killed the bacteria on the Petri dish. This was a lucky coincidence. For a person who does not have expert knowledge, the bacteria free zone would not have had much significance, but Fleming understood the magical effect of the mold. The result was penicillin 지구의수많은사람들을구한 약이었다. 1. 보기의단어를사용할것 2. 관계대명사절을사용할것 * culture ( 세균등의 ) 배양균 ** mold 곰팡이 3. 문맥에알맞는추가단어를사용할것 countless / on the planet / a medication / has saved - 3 -

4 3. ( 서술형 ) 다음밑줄친우리말을 의단어를 활용하여문장을완성하시오. ( 어형변화있음 ) [201706H2_32 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] Honeybees have evolved what we call swarm intelligence, 한군집의최대 5 만마리의벌이함께 민주적인결정을내리기위해모이면서. When a hive gets too crowded in springtime, colonies send scouts to look for a new home. If any scouts disagree on where the colony should build its next hive, they argue their case the civilized way: through a dance-off. Each scout performs a waggle dance for other scouts in an attempt to convince them of their spot s merit. The more enthusiastic the dance is, the happier the scout is with his spot. The remainder of the colony votes with their bodies, flying to the spot they prefer and joining in the dance until one potential hive overcomes all other dances of the neighborhood. It would be great if Congress settled their disagreements the same way. * colony ( 개미, 벌등의 ) 집단, 군집 in / workers / decisions / 50,000 / to make / come / a single colony / democratic / together / with up to 4. ( 서술형 ) 다음밑줄친우리말을 의단어를 활용하여문장을완성하시오. ( 어형변화없음 ) [201706H2_32 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] Honeybees have evolved what we call swarm intelligence, with up to 50,000 workers in a single colony coming together to make democratic decisions. When a hive gets too crowded in springtime, colonies send scouts to look for a new home. If any scouts disagree on where the colony should build its next hive, they argue their case the civilized way: through a dance-off. Each scout performs a waggle dance for other scouts in an attempt to convince them of their spot s merit. 그 춤이더열정적일수록그정찰병은그장소를더마 음에들어하는것이다. The remainder of the colony votes with their bodies, flying to the spot they prefer and joining in the dance until one potential hive overcomes all other dances of the neighborhood. It would be great if Congress settled their disagreements the same way. * colony ( 개미, 벌등의 ) 집단, 군집 more enthusiastic / dance / the / happier / is / if / with / is / the scout / his spot - 4 -

5 5. ( 서술형 ) 밑줄친우리말 (A) 와뜻이맞도록 에주어진단어를활용하여조건에맞게영작하시오. ( 단, 6 단어로작성하되, 필요시단어의형태를바꾸시오.) [201706H2_33 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] Confident leaders are not afraid to ask the basic questions: the questions to which you may feel embarrassed about not already knowing the answers. When you don t know something, admit it as quickly as possible and immediately take action 一 ask a question. If you have forgotten who the governor is or how many hydrogen atoms are in a molecule of water, quietly ask a friend but one way or the other, quit hiding, and take action. Paradoxically, when you ask basic questions, you will more than likely be perceived by others to be smarter. And more importantly, you ll end up knowing far more over your lifetime. This approach will cause you to be more successful than you would have been (A) 만약 당신이흔한행동을했다면 of pretending to know more than you do. To make good leaders, effective teachers encourage, invite, and even force their students to ask those fundamental questions. employ / the / common / practice «다음글을읽고물음에답하시오. We are extremely 1 responsible [201706H2_34 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] to what we perceive people around us 2 to be done. This unconscious function has helped us make quick and good life-saving decisions throughout history. A study has shown how powerful this factor is. One practical experiment was an experiment conducted 3 which a hotel wished their guests 4 to reuse the towels in their rooms. They decided to put out 5 a few signs. The first sign cited environmental reasons and the second sign said 6 that the hotel would donate a portion of end-of-year laundry savings. The third sign showed the majority of guests reused their towels at least once during their stay. To their surprise, guests responded most positive to the third sign. If you want to influence people to act a certain way, there are 7 8 a few more powerful methods than 9 to give the impression that others are doing the action you desire them 10 to do. 6. ( 서술형 ) 1~10중어법상, 의미상틀린것을모두 골라바르게고치시오

6 «다음글을읽고물음에답하시오. [201706H2_34 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] We are extremely responsive to what we perceive people around us to be doing. This (A) unconscious function has helped us make quick and good life- saving decisions throughout history. A study has shown how powerfully this factor is. One practical experiment was an experiment conducted where a hotel wished their guests reuse the towels in their rooms. They decided to put out a few signs. The first sign cited environmental reasons and the second sign said the hotel would donate a portion of end-of-year laundry savings. The third sign showed the majority of guests reused their towels at least once during their stay. ( 가 ) 놀랍게도, guests responded most positively to the third sign. If you want to influence people to act a certain way, there are few more powerful methods than to give the impression that others are doing the action you desire them doing. 7. ( 서술형 ) (A) 가가리키는구체적인내용을본문에서 찾아한글로쓰시오. «다음글을읽고물음에답하시오. [201706H2_34 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] ( 가 ) 우리는우리주변의사람들이하는행동을인식 한것에매우반응적이다. This unconscious function has helped us make quick and good life- saving decisions throughout history. A study has shown how powerful this factor is. One practical experiment was an experiment conducted where a hotel wished their guests to reuse the towels in their rooms. They decided to put out a few signs. The first sign cited environmental reasons and the second sign said the hotel would donate a portion of end- of- year laundry savings. The third sign showed the majority of guests reused their towels at least once during their stay. To their surprise, guests responded most positively to the third sign. If you want to influence people to act a certain way, ( 나 ) 그사람들이했으면 하는행동을다른사람들도하고있다는인상을주는 것보다더강력한방법은거의없다. 10. ( 서술형 ) ( 가 ) 를다음조건에맞게영작하시오. - 다음의단어를모두포함할것 response / perceive / do / extreme / what / around ( 중복사용가능, 어휘변형가능 ) - 어휘추가가능, 15 개이하의단어로쓸것. 8. ( 서술형 ) 본문의내용중어법상어색한부분을찾 아고치시오. (3 개 ) (1) (2) (3) 9. ( 서술형 ) ( 가 ) 를세단어로영작하시오. T t s, 11. ( 서술형 ) ( 나 ) 를다음조건에맞게영작하시오. - 다음의단어를모두포함할것 influence / few / impression / more / desire / act / methods ( 중복사용가능, 어휘변형불가 ) - 어휘추가가능, 25 개이하의단어로쓸것

7 13. ( 서술형 ) 다음밑줄친우리말을보기의단어를 «다음글을읽고물음에답하시오. [201706H2_34 빈칸추론 _ 변형 ] (A) We are extremely responsive to what we perceive people around us to be doing. This unconscious function has helped us make quick and good life- saving decisions throughout history. A study has shown how powerful this factor is. One practical experiment was an experiment conducted where a hotel wished their guests to reuse the towels in their rooms. They decided to put out a few signs. The first sign cited environmental reasons and the second sign said the hotel would donate a portion of end- of- year laundry savings. The third sign showed the majority of guests reused their towels at least once during their stay. To their surprise, guests responded most positively to the third sign. If you want to influence people to act a certain way, there are few more powerful methods than to give the impression that others are doing the action you desire them to do. (B) There was another study conducted by the same scientists. 10 people were gathered in a room to answer a simple and obvious question. However, 9 of them were actually the ones hired by the scientists, and they were told to give the same wrong answer before the 10th person. For example, when the scientists show them a picture of grape and ask them what it is, they would all answer that it is an apple. The experiment had begun, and the scientists asked to 10 people what is the sum of To this question, 9 hired people told the scientists that the answer is 25. In this case, what would the 10th person answer to the scientists? 사용하여알맞게완성하시오. [201706H2_35 순서추론 _ 변형 ] Suppose that the price of frozen yogurt falls. The law of demand says that you will buy more frozen yogurt. At the same time, you will probably buy less ice cream. This is because ice cream and frozen yogurt are both cold and sweet desserts, satisfying similar desires. When a fall in the price of one good reduces the demand for another good, 이두재화는대체재라불린다. They are often pairs of goods that are used in place of each other, like hot dogs and hamburgers. Now suppose that the price of chocolate topping falls. According to the law of demand, you will buy more chocolate topping. Yet, in this case, you will likely buy more ice cream as well, since ice cream and topping are often used together. When a fall in the price of one good raises the demand for another good, the two goods are called complements. 단어는변형될수있음 goods / call / be / two / substitute / the 12. ( 서술형 ) 글 (A) 의실험결과가글 (B) 에도적용된다 고가정할때, 글 (B) 에서등장하는 10 번째실험자가과학자들에게답할내용과, 그이유를한글로쓰시오

8 14. ( 서술형 ) 다음밑줄친부분에알맞은단어를쓰 시오. «다음을읽고아래의질문에답하시오. [201706H2_35 순서추론 _ 변형 ] Suppose that the price of frozen yogurt falls. The law of demand says that you will buy more frozen yogurt. At the same time, you will probably buy less ice cream. This is because ice cream and frozen yogurt are both cold and sweet desserts, satisfying similar desires. When a fall in the price of one good reduces the demand for another good, the two goods are called (A) s. They are often pairs of goods that are used in place of each other, like hot dogs and hamburgers. Now suppose that the price of chocolate topping falls. According to the law of demand, you will buy more chocolate topping. Yet, in this case, you will likely buy more ice cream as well, since ice cream and topping are often used together. When a fall in the price of one good raises the demand for another good, the two goods are called (B) c. (A) (B) [201706H2_36 순서추론 _ 변형 ] Most habits are probably good when they are first forming. That is, for many of the habits that you do not create unintentional, 그특정한행동을하게된 것에는어떤가치가있었음에틀림없다. That value is what causes you to repeat the behavior enough often to create the habit. Some habits become bad, because a behavior that has rewarding elements to them at one time also has negative consequences that may not have been obvious when the habit began. Overeating is one such habit. You may know conceptually that eating too much is a problem. But when you actually overeat, there are little really negative consequences in the moment. So you do it again and again. Eventually, though, you ll start to gain weight. By the time you really notice this, your habit of eating too much is deep rooted. 15. ( 서술형 ) 윗글의밑줄친우리말을아래조건을 참조하여알맞게영작하시오. 1. 시제표현은조동사 must 를이용할것. 2. 다음어휘를반드시포함할것 ( 필요시변형 ) - there, value, perform, behavior 3. 총 11 개의단어로작성할것. 16. ( 서술형 ) 윗글에서문법상틀린부분을찾아서바 르게고치시오. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) - 8 -

9 17. ( 서술형 ) 다음글의밑줄친부분중어법상틀린 부분의번호를쓰고, 바르게고쳐다시쓰시오. [201706H2_37 문장삽입 _ 변형 ] 1 The world can be a different and better place if, while you are here, you give of yourself. This concept became clear to Azim one day 2 when he was watching television at an airport terminal while waiting for a flight. A priest was sharing a story about newborn twins, one of whom was ill. The twins were in separate incubators, as per hospital rules. A nurse on the floor repeatedly suggested 3 that the twins be kept together in one incubator. 4 The doctors finally agreed to try this. When the twins were brought into contact with each other, the healthy twin immediately put his arms around his sick brother. 5 This instinctive exchange gradually helped the sick twin recovering and regain his health. The babies family and the doctors witnessed the intangible force of love and the incredible power of giving. * intangible 만질수없는 18. ( 서술형 ) 다음글의밑줄친우리말을아래조건 을참조하여알맞게영작하시오. [201706H2_38 문장삽입 _ 변형 ] It is vitally important that wherever we go and whatever we do the body temperature is maintained at the temperature at which our enzymes work best. It is not the temperature at the surface of the body which matters. 안정되게유지되어야하는것은몸속 깊은곳의온도이다. At only a few degrees above or below normal body temperature our enzymes cannot function properly. If this goes on for any length of time the reactions in our cells cannot continue and we die. All sorts of things can affect internal body temperature, including heat generated in the muscles during exercise, fevers caused by disease, and the external temperature. We can control our temperature in lots of ways: we can change our clothing, the way we behave and how active we are. But we also have an internal control mechanism: when we get too hot we start to sweat. * enzyme: 효소 (A) 틀린부분의번호 : (B) 바르게고친문장 : 1. it을활용한강조구문으로작성할것 2. 다음어휘를반드시포함할것 ( 필요시변형 ) - deep, stable, must, keep 3. 총 13개의단어로작성할것 밑줄친부분전체를다시쓸것! - 9 -

10 19. ( 서술형 ) 다음빈칸에해당하는단어를본문에서 찾아각각쓰시오. [201706H2_39 순서추론 _ 변형 ] Food shortages caused by global warming could force as many as 1 billion people to leave their homes by 2050, according to the Earth Institute, a New York-based aid agency. Hardest hit may be Africa, which could lose two-thirds of its cropland due to desertification, which occurs when the land loses its ability to (A) produce vegetation and turns into deserts. Although many scientists expect climate change to result in more rainfall, some areas could experience droughts because rainfall is sporadic or falls in concentrations in some places but misses others. Also, (B) desertification could occur because warmer temperatures draw moisture out of the soil. When regions can no longer produce food, people will be forced to move to other areas, making them climate refugees. (A) (B) * sporadic 산발적인 20. ( 서술형 ) 밑줄친우리말에맞게보기의단어들을 배열하시오.( 보기에주어진단어를모두사용할것 ) [201706H2_40 요약문추론 _ 변형 ] The self is formed by social forces, by looking outwards as well as inwards. 다른사람들이당신의 자아를형성하는한가지방법은 Leon Festinger 의이 론에의해설명된다. Simply put, imagine that you feel like you re good at math because you came top of your class. But you feel that you re bad at dancing after seeing other people at the school disco. These facts aren t objective, of course. If you happen to be placed in a classroom of future professional statisticians, inevitably you feel relatively bad at math. On the upside, you may feel like you re better at dancing. Festinger realized that these social comparisons aren t entirely accidental. Humans actively seek out particular people and select particular skills or attributes for comparison. people / One / by / other / you / theory. / which / who / in / described / shape / are / Festinger s / Leon / way / is

11 21. ( 서술형 ) 다음글에서어법에맞지않은표현을 모두골라바르게고치시오. [201706H2_40 요약문추론 _ 변형 ] The self is formed by social forces, by looking outwards as well as inwards. One way 1 other people shape who you are 2 which describe by Leon Festinger s theory. Simply put, imagine that you feel like you re good at math because you came top of your class. But you feel that you re bad at dancing after seeing other people at the school 3 disco. These facts aren t objective, of course. If you happen 4 to place in a classroom of future professional statisticians, inevitably you feel relatively bad at math. On the upside, you may feel like you re better at dancing. Festinger realized 5 that these social comparisons aren t entirely accidental. Humans actively seek out particular people and select particular skills or attributes for comparison. 22. ( 서술형 ) 다음밑줄친 (A), (B) 에들어갈가장적 절한말을주어진철자로시작하여쓰시오. [201706H2_40 요약문추론 _ 변형 ] The self is formed by social forces, by looking outwards as well as inwards. One way in which other people shape who you are is described by Leon Festinger s theory. Simply put, imagine that you feel like you re good at math because you came top of your class. But you feel that you re bad at dancing after seeing other people at the school disco. These facts aren t (A) o, of course. If you happen to be placed in a classroom of future professional statisticians, inevitably you feel relatively bad at math. On the upside, you may feel like you re better at dancing. Festinger realized that these social comparisons aren t entirely (B) a. Humans actively seek out particular people and select particular skills or attributes for comparison. < 예시 > 번호 : (A) (B)

12 23. ( 서술형 ) 다음글의빈칸에들어갈적절한내용을 보기의단어를사용하여영어로쓰시오. [201706H2_40 요약문추론 _ 변형 ] The self is formed by social forces,. One way in which other people shape who you are is described by Leon Festinger s theory. Simply put, imagine that you feel like you re good at math because you came top of your class. But you feel that you re bad at dancing after seeing other people at the school disco. These facts aren t objective, of course. If you happen to be placed in a classroom of future professional statisticians, inevitably you feel relatively bad at math. On the upside, you may feel like you re better at dancing. Festinger realized that these social comparisons aren t entirely accidental. Humans actively seek out particular people and select particular skills or attributes for comparison. 24. ( 서술형 ) 다음글에알맞은제목을영어로작성하 시오. [201706H2_40 요약문추론 _ 변형 ] The self is formed by social forces, by looking outwards as well as inwards. One way in which other people shape who you are is described by Leon Festinger s theory. Simply put, imagine that you feel like you re good at math because you came top of your class. But you feel that you re bad at dancing after seeing other people at the school disco. These facts aren t objective, of course. If you happen to be placed in a classroom of future professional statisticians, inevitably you feel relatively bad at math. On the upside, you may feel like you re better at dancing. Festinger realized that these social comparisons aren t entirely accidental. Humans actively seek out particular people and select particular skills or attributes for comparison. as / by / look / outward / well / inward / as ( 필요시어법에맞게어형을변형하시오.) 1) 본문에있는단어를 2개이상사용할것. 2) 전체사용단어는 10개내외일것. 3) 완전한문장이나명사구, 명사절이가능함

13 변형문제 5 회정답 1. coincidence 2. a medication that has saved countless people on the planet 3. with up to 50,000 workers in a single colony coming together to make democratic decisions. 4. If the dance is more enthusiastic, the scout is happier with his spot. 5. had you employed the common practice 6. 1 responsible responsive 2 to be done to be doing 3 which where 7 positive positively 8 a few few 7. 우리는우리주변의사람들이하는행동을인식한 8. 것에매우반응적이다. how powerful how powerfully / guests reuse guests to reuse / desire them doing desire them to do 9. To their surprise 10. We are extremely responsive to what we perceive people around us to be doing. 11. there are few more powerful methods than to give the impression that others are doing the action you desire them to do 번째실험자는, 주변사람들이하는행동을인 식한것에반응하여본인역시답이 25 라고대답 할것이다. 13. the two goods are called substitutes. 14. (A) substitutes (B) complements 15. there must have been some value to 16. performing that particular behavior. (a) forming formed (b) intentional intentionally (c) enough often often enough (d) them it (e) little few (f) deep deeply 17. (A) 틀린부분의번호 : 5 (B) 바르게고친문장 : This instinctive exchange gradually helped the sick twin recover 18. It is the temperature deep inside the body 19. which must be kept stable. (A) produce (B) desertification 20. One way in which other people shape who you are is described by Leon Festinger s theory : which in which 2 : describe is described 4 : to place to be placed 22. (A) objective / (B) accidental 23. by looking outwards as well as inwards 24. Self-Awareness through Comparison with Other People or Getting a Sense of Who I Am by Comparing with Other People