3 ...., (e.g.,,, 2008; Luo & Baillargeon, 2005; Woodward, 1998; Woodward & Guajardo, 2002). Woodward(1998) 6 (encode). Woodward., ( / ), ( / )., /,, /., / /,..,,. Luo Baillargeon(2005) (one-object condition)., A, B A (agency) 5
4 A B., A A. B A, A ( ) B ( )., A., A B. A A, B A. (Woodward & Guajardo, 2002) Woodward Guajardo(2002). 9..,, (,, 2008;,,, 2012)..., (declarative) (imperative) (Tomasello, Carpenter & Liszkowski, 2007).
5 (interrogative) (Begus & Southgate, 2012).,?. 18 (Song, Onishi, Baillargeon, & Fisher, 2008) A 2 A B B. 1 A 2 B.. 12 (Behne, Liszkowski, Carpenter, & Tomasello, 2012).., 12., (Woodward & Guajardo, 2002). (Sodian & Thoermer, 2004; Woodward & Guajardo, 2002).,..,, (Sodian & Thoermer, 2004). Sodian Thoermer 12,,. A, B A A. B,, B (
6 ) A B ( ).,,., 12 (Phillips., Wellman, & Spelke, 2002). Phillips (Sodian & Thoermer, 2004). (Carpenter, Nagell, & Tomasello, 1998) 12 (Phillips et al., 2002),.. (Phillips et al., 2002; Sodian & Thoermer, 2004),.,? -, -..,. (Cannon & Woodward, 2012; Kim & Song, in press). Woodward(1998) A, B A. (Kim & Song, in press) (Cannon & Woodward, 2012). Woodward(1998).
7 B.,, A., 6, 11 A, , (Woodward & Guajardo, 2002). 12. ( ) ( )....., (association). (,, 2008; Kim & Song, in press; Luo & Baillargeon, 2005). A., A. A A A, A, B. - - A - - B. - -,
13 . Phillips (2002). Phillips 3, 4 14, Phillips / (Carpenter et al., 1998) , - -, (,, 2008; Luo, 2011; Luo & Baillargeon, 2005; Luo & Baillargeon, 2007; Luo & Jonhson, 2009) ,. Kim Song(in press) ( ) A, B B A
14 A, B. A A, B. Kim Song..,., (first-person experience) (Meltzoff, 2007; Woodward, 2005).,. (Sommerville, Woodward, & Needham. 2005; Woodward & Guajardo, 2002). (Kanakogi & Itakura, 2011). 6 4.,. 12.,? (Biro, Csibra, & Gergely, 2007; Csibra, 2008). 6 ( ) 6 (Biro & Leslie, 2007). 7 (,,, 2012)..
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18 Twelve-month-old infants' ability to predict the goals of others' pointing actions Eun Young Kim Hyun-joo Song Department of Psychology, Yonsei University The current research investigated whether 12-month-old infants can predict the goals of others' pointing actions before the onset of the actions. Infants participated in three types of trials: familiarization, pretest-display, and test trials. In the two-object condition, infants watched an actor repeatedly point to one of two objects during familiarization trials. During the pretest-display trial, the locations of the two objects were switched. During the test trial, the actor simply sat between the objects. The procedure for the one-object condition was identical except that there was only one object during the familiarization trials. In the two-object condition, the infants who could produce pointing actions looked longer at the prior-goal object than at the non-prior-goal object; whereas infants in the one-object condition did not. The current findings demonstrated that 12-month-old infants could anticipate an actor's goal using information regarding the goal of previous pointing actions. Key words : action prediction, psychological reasoning, pointing, social cognition in infancy