1 Presbytery Qualification Exam Preparation Guide 목사, 장로, 목사후보생 ( 전도사 ) Pastor, Elder, Candidate for Pastor (JDS) Content 목사고시 Exam for Pastors 신조, 권징조례, 예배모범, 목회학 Creeds, Church disciplines, Worship, Pastoral Ministry 장로고시 Exam for Elders 성경, 소요리문답, 교회정치, 권징조례, 예배모범, 일반상식 Bible, Shorter Catechism, Church Polity, Worship, Common Knowledge 목사후보생 ( 전도사 ) Exam for Pastoral Candidates (JDS) 성경, 일반상식 Bible, Common Knowledge
2 [ 신조 ] Beliefs 서언 Preface 미주한인예수교장로회는아래기록한열두조목을목사와장로와집사와모든성도로하여금승인케할신조로한다. 이것은성경과그성경을밝히해석한책으로인정된웨스트민스터신앙고백서와성경대, 소요리문답을요약한것이다. 그러므로우리교회와신학교에서마땅히가르칠것으로한다. Korean American Presbyterian Church in America hold the following twelve articles as the creed which should be approved by pastors, elders, deacons and all members. These are a summary of the Bible, Westminster Confession of Faith and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms which are confirmed to have interpreted the Bible rightly. Therefore, our churches and seminaries ought to teach them. l. 신, 구약성경은하나님의말씀이니신앙과행위에대한정확무오한유일의법칙이다. 1. Because the Old and New Testaments of the Bible are the Word of God, they are the only accurate and inerrant authority for faith and deeds. 2. 하나님은한분뿐이시니오직그에게만경배하여야한다. 하나님은신이시니자연히계시고, 안계신곳이없으시다. 다른신이나모든물질과구별되시며, 그존재와지혜와권능과거룩하심과공의와인자하심과진실하심과사랑하심이무한하시며변하지아니하신다. 2. There is only one God and we are to worship Him only. God is great "I am" and is omnipresent. He is apart from other gods and materials. His existence, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, loving kindness, faithfulness, and love is infinite and immutable. 3. 하나님은본체에세위가계시니성부, 성자, 성령이신데이세위는한하나님이시다. 본체는하나요. 권능과영광이동등이시다. 3. There is one God, who exists in three persons: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, co-equal in power and glory. 4. 하나님께서모든유형물과무형물을그권능의말씀으로창조하사보존하시고주장하시나결코죄를내신이는아니시다. 모든것을자기뜻의계획대로행하시며만유는다하나님의착하시고지혜롭고거룩하신목적을성취하도록역사하신다. 4. God created everything visible and invisible with the words, sustains, and reigns it, but He is not the author os sin. He runs everything according to his plan and works to accomplish his good, wise, holy purpose. 5. 하나님이사람을남녀로지으시되자기의형상대로지식과의와거룩함으로지으사생물을주관하게하셨으니세상모든사람이한근원에서나왔으므로다동포요형제다. 5. God created man and woman in his own image with righteousness and holiness and gave a mandate to rule over all the creatures. Therefore, all mankind has one origin. 6. 우리의시조가선악간택할자유가있었는데유혹을받아하나님께죄를범하였다. 그러므로아담으로부터보통생육법에의하여출생하는모든인종들이그의안에서그의범죄에동참하여타락하였다. 사람은원죄와부패한성품이외에죄를범할가능성이있으므로일부러짓는죄도있다. 그러므로모든사람이금세와내세에하나님의공평한진노와형벌을받는것이마땅하다. 6. Our forefather had freedom to choose between good and evil, was tempted, and sinned against God. Therefore, all people born naturally have sinned and fallen together in Adam. Because people have not only
3 original sin and sinful nature but also desires to sin, there is also intentional sin. Therefore, all people deserve God's righteous wrath and punishment for this life and the life hereafter. 7. 하나님께서는인류를죄와부패함과죄의형벌에서구원하고영생을주시려고무한하신사랑으로그의영원하신독생자주예수그리스도를세상에보내셨다. 예수님으로만하나님께서육신을이루셨고또예수님으로만사람이구원을얻을수있다. 그영원한아들이참사람이되사그후로한위에특수한두성품이있어영원토록참하나님이시오참사람이시다. 예수님은성령의권능으로잉태되어동정녀마리아에게서나섰으되죄는없는분이시다. 예수님은죄인을대신하여하나님의법을완전히복종하시고몸을드려참되고온전한제물이되사하나님의공의를만족하게하시며사람으로하여금하나님과화목하게하시려고십자가에못박혀죽으셨다. 그리고죽은자가운데서삼일만에부활하신후승천하사하나님우편에앉으셨다. 그곳에서자기백성을위하여기도하시다가죽은자를다시살리시고세상을심판하러재림하신다. 7. God sent his one and only Son Jesus Christ our Lord out of his abounding love to the world to save people from sin, depravity and its consequent judgment and to give eternal life. Only in Jesus did God took up human flesh and only through Jesus can people be saved. His eternal Incarnate Son has two natures: He is true God and true man. Jesus was concieved by the power of the Holy Spirit and was born of Virgin Marym but he is without sin. Jesus in the place of people obeyed God's law completely, gave himself as perfect sacrifice to satisfy God's righeousness. He was crucifed and dead to reconcile people to God. He rose from the dead on the third day, ascended into heaven, sat at the righthand of God. He is interceding for his people, will raise the dead and will return to judge the world. 8. 성부와성자로부터오신성령께서는사람이구원에참여하도록역사하신다. 즉사람으로하여금죄와비참함을깨닫게하시며그마음을밝혀그리스도를알게하시고그의지를새롭게하시사권하시며권능을주어, 복음에값없이주마하신예수그리스도를받게하신다. 또그안에서역사하여모든의의열매를맺게하신다. 8. The Holy Spirit sent from the Father and the Son works to bring people into redemption. He convicts them of sin and misery, illumines their hearts to know Christ, renews, convinces, enables their will to receive Jesus Christ who offers the good news freely. He also works within the believers to bear all the fruits of righteousness. 9. 하나님께서는세상을창조하시기전에그리스도안에서자기백성을택하사사랑하므로그앞에서거룩하고흠이없게하셨다. 그리고그기쁘신뜻대로저희를미리작정하사예수그리스도로말미암아자기의아들을삼으셨다. 이것은그사랑하시는아들안에서저희에게풍성히주시는은혜의영광을찬미하게하려는것이다. 하나님은세상모든사람에게온전한구원을값없이주시려고이렇게명하셨다. 너희죄를회개하고주예수그리스도를자기의구주로믿고의지하여본받으며하나님의나타내신뜻을복종하여겸손하고거룩하게행하라 그러므로그리스도를믿고복종하는자는구원을얻는다. 저희가받는바특별한유익은의가있게하심과, 양자가되어하나님의아들의수에참여하게하심과, 성령의감화로거룩하게하심과, 영원한영광이다. 그러므로믿는자는이세상에서도구원얻는줄로확실히알수있고기뻐할것이다. 성령께서이와같은역사를행하실때에은혜베푸시는방도는특별히성경말씀과성례와기도이다. 10. 그리스도께서세우신성례는세례와성찬이다. 세례는물을가지고성부와성자와성령의이름으로씻음이니우리가그리스도와연합하는표와인을치는것인데, 성령으로거듭남과새롭게하심과주님께속한것임을약속하는것이다. 세례는그리스도안에서신앙을고백하는자와그들의자녀들에게베푸는것이다. 성찬은그리스도의죽으심을기념하여떡과잔에참여하는것이니믿는자가그죽으심으로인하여오는유익을받는것을인을쳐서증거하는표이다. 성찬은주님께서오실때까지주님의백성이
4 행할것이며, 주님을믿고그속죄를의지함과거기서부터오는유익을받음과더욱주님을섬기기로언약함과주님과그의백성이서로교통하는표이다. 성례의유익은성례자체로말미암음도아니요성례를베푸는자의덕으로말미암음도아니요다만그리스도의복주심과또한믿음으로성례를받는자가운데계신성령의역사하심으로말미암음이다. 11. 모든신자의본분은입교하여서로교제하며그리스도의성례와그밖의규례를지키며주의법을복종하는것이다. 그리고항상기도하며주일을거룩하게지키며주를경배하기위하여함께모여선포되는주의말씀을설교함을자세히들어야한다. 또하나님께서우리에게풍성히베푸신대로예물을드리며그리스도의마음으로서로교제하고, 모든사람과더불어마음을같이하며, 또한그리스도의나라가온세상에확장되기위하여힘쓰며, 주께서그의영광중에나타나심을바라고기다릴것이다. 12. 죽은자는끝날에부활하며그리스도의심판대앞에서이세상에서선악간행한바를따라보응을받는다. 그리스도를믿고복종한자는현저히사함을얻고영광중에영접을받는다. 그러나믿지아니하고악을행하는자는정죄함을입어그죄에합당한형벌을받는다.
5 [ 성경 ] The Bible 01, 창세기에서부터계시록까지순서대로약자표와함께기록하십시오. List the abbreviated names of the books in the OT and NT in order. 02, 구약성경을크게 3 부분으로구분하십시오. Divide the Old Testament in three major parts. 03, 구약의선지서를순서대로기록하십시오. List the Prophets in the OT in order. 04, 모세가기록한책들의이름을쓰시오. List the books written by Moses. 05, 창조의날들을차례대로기록하고창조의내용을기록하십시오. List what was created on each day in order. 06, 죄가세상에들어온경로와그결과를기록하십시오 ( 창 3 장 ) How did sin come into the world and what is the consequence (Genesis 3)? 07, 아벨의제사는왜하나님이열납하셨다고생각하십니까? Why do you think God did not accept Abel's offering? 08, 에녹은몇년동안하나님과동행했습니까? For how many years did Enoch walk with the LORD? 09, 바벨탑을쌓은이유가무엇입니까? ( 창 11:4) Why did they build the Tower of Babel? (Genesis 11:4) 10, 아브라함의생애에대하여아는대로기록하십시오. ( 창 11:27-25; 18 장 ) Write about the life of Abraham as much as you know. (Genesis 11:27-11, 아브라함은이삭을제물로드리기위해몇일동안여행을했습니까? For how many days did Abraham travel to offer Isaac as sacrifice? 12, 여호와이례 는무슨뜻입니까? What is the meaning of Yaweh Jireh?" 13, 벧엘 의뜻은무엇입니까? What is the meaning of Bethel? 14, 롯의자손으로이룬두족속의이름을쓰시오. Name the two tribes formed from the descendants of Lor. 15, 야곱의 12 아들의이름을기록하시오. Name the twelve sons of Jacob. 16, 이스라엘 이란이름의뜻은무엇입니까? What is the meaning of the name "Israel?"
6 17, 베냐민 이란이름의뜻은무엇입니까? What is the meaning of the name "Benjamin?" 18, 모세는어느지파족속입니까? What tribe was Moses from? 19, 모세 란이름의뜻은무엇입니까? What does the name "Moses" mean? 20, 모세가바로의낯을피하여망명한곳의지명은무엇입니까? What is the name of the region where Moses fled away from Pharoh 21, 게르솜 이란이름의뜻은무엇입니까? What is the meaning of the name "Gershom?" 22, 모세의입을대신한사람은누구입니까? Who was the spokesperson for Moses? 23, 애굽나라에내린 10 가지재앙은무엇무엇입니까? List the 10 plagues brought down upon Egypt. 24, 유월절의유래와시기를기록하십시오.( 출 12:18-13:4) How and when was the Passover originated? (Exodus 12:18-13:4). 25, 십계명은출애굽기중에는어느장에기록되어있습니까? In what chapter of Exodus is the exodus recorded? 26, 십계명을순서대로기록하십시오. List the Ten Commandments in order. 27, 이스라엘의 3 대절기는무엇무엇입니까? Name the three major festivals of Israel. 28, 5 대제사와제사에대한규례를기록하십시오. ( 레 1 장 -7 장 ) List the five major offerings and their regulations (Levicticus 1-7). 29, 애굽에내려진 10 가지재앙은무엇무엇입니까? (Same as Number 23) 30, 성소를둘로나누었는데그이름이무엇입니까? Tabernacle was divided into two. What are their names? 31, 당을지어모세와아론을거역하다가죽은사람의이름과함께죽은사람의수를쓰시오. ( 민 16 장 ) Write the name of the people who died leading a rebellion against Moses and Aaron and the number of people who were killed along with him. (Numbers 16) 32, 나귀에게책망받은선지자는누구입니까? Who is the prophet rebuked by a donkey? 33, 도피성에대하여아는대로기록하십시오. ( 민 35 장 )
7 Write as much as you know about cities of refugee (Numbers 35). 34, 이스라엘백성을광야에서 40 년동안방황하게하신목적은무엇입니까? Why did God let the Israelites wander in the wilderness for 40 years? 35, 희년에자유를주는것들이무엇입니까? ( 레위기 25 장참조 ) What is called to give freedom in the year of jubilee? 36, 제사중피없는제사는어떤것입니까? What are the offerings without blood? 37, 아론의아들중성소에서죽은자의이름을쓰시오. Name the sons of Aaron whom died in the Holy Place 38, 나실 인이란이름의뜻은무엇입니까? What is the meaning of Nazarites? 39, 아론의싹난지팡이에맺힌열매는어떤것입니까? What did Aaron's budded staff produce? 40, 모세의후계자의이름을쓰시오. Who succeeded Moses? 41, 도피성에대하여아는바를쓰시오. 42, 나오미의가족관계의이름을아는대로쓰십시오. Write as much as you know about the family of Naomi. 43, 사무엘의어머니이름을쓰시고, 그여인의신앙적인특징을쓰시오. Name Samuel's mother and describe her spiritual characteristics. 44, 이스라엘에서언약궤를탈취하여간민족의이름을쓰시오. Name the people who took the Ark of Covenant from Israel. 45, 에벤에셀 이란무슨뜻입니까? What does "Ebenezel" mean? 46, 이스라엘국가의초대왕의이름을쓰시오. Name the first king of Israel. 47, 다윗이자기생명같이사랑한친구의이름은무엇입니까? Name the friend who David loved like his own life. 48, 다윗의아들로서성전을건축한사람은누구입니까? Who is the son of David who built the Temple? 49, 다윗이취한우리아의아내이름은무엇입니까? What is the name of Uriah's wife whom David had adultery with? 50, 인구조사를하는다윗을책망한선지자의이름은?
8 Who is the prophet who scorned David for the census? 51, 엘리제사장의집이망하게된이유가무엇입니까? ( 삼상 3:12-) Why did the household of Eli fall? (1Samuel 3:12-) 52, 사울왕이하나님께죄를범하게된동기가무엇입니까? ( 삼상 13:5-15) Why did King Saul sin against God? (1Sam 13:5-15) 53, 자기를핍박하는사울왕에대한다윗의태도는어떠했습니까? ( 삼상 2:23; 삼하 1:14) What was David's attitude toward King Saul who persecuted him? (1Samuel 2:23; 2Samuel 1:14) 54, 솔로몬왕이하나님의마음에맞은것이무엇입니까? ( 왕상 3:9. 10) What pleased God in King Solomon? (1Kings 3:9-10) 55, 이스라엘이어느왕때에남. 북왕조로분열되었습니까? During whose reign was Israel divided into the southern kingdom and the northern kingdom? 56, 이세벨을아내로삼아나라를혼란하게한왕의이름은? Who was the king who married Jezebel and corrupted the kingdom? 57, 그의스승에게갑절의영감을구한선지자의이름은? Which prophet asked for a double portion of his teacher's spirit? 58, 기도로생명을연장받은왕의이름은? Name the king whose life was extended through prayer. 59, 죽으면죽으리라 고결심함왕비의이름은? Who said, "If I perish, I perish?" 60, 이스라엘과유다가망하게된이유가무엇입니까?( 대하 36:13-16) What was the cause of the fall of Israel and Judah? (2Chronicles 36:13-16) 61, 에스라와느혜미야는각각어떤인물이며, 어떤일을하였습니까? ( 스 7:1-; 느 1:1-11) Who were Ezra and Nehemiah and what did they do? (Ezra 7:1-; Nehemiah 1:1-11) 62, 부림일을지키게된이유는무엇입니까? ( 에 9:26-32) How was Purim originated? (Esther 9:26-32) 63, 시편은모두몇권, 몇편으로되어있습니까? How many books and chapters are in the Book of Psalms? 64, 시편 1 편에서복있는자는어떤사람입니까? Who is the blessed one in Psalm 1? 65, 시편에는누구의시가가장많습니까? Who wrote the most Psalms? 66, 예수님의십자가의고난과가장관계가깊은시편은어느것입니까? Which Psalm is most quoted regarding Jesus' suffering on the cross?
9 67, 지식과지혜의근본이무엇입니까? ( 잠 1:7) What is the beginning of knowledge and wisdom? (Proverbs 1:7) 68, 솔로몬왕이지은잠언과노래가모두얼마나됩니까?( 왕상 4:32) How many proverbs and songs did King Solomon write? (1Kings 4:32) 69, 이사야서에예수님의탄생에대하여예언한대표적인곳은? What chapter in Isaiah prominently prophesies the birth of Jesus? 70, 에스겔이하나님의말씀을받은곳 ( 地名 ) 은? Where did the Word of God come to Ezekiel? 71, 다니엘의신앙친구들의이름을써보시오. Write the names of Daniel's godly friends? 72, 메네메네데겔우바르신 이란말의뜻을풀이하십시오. What does "MENE, MENE, TEKEL, PARSIN" mean? 73, 호세아가데려와결혼한음란한여인의이름은? What is the name of the adulterous woman to whom Hosea got married? 74, 요나선지자가가서복음을전한곳은? Where did Prophet Jonah preach the message of repentance? 75, 목자출신선지자는누구입니까? Who is the shepherd-turned prophet? 76, 요엘서의내용과목적은무엇입니까? ( 백성의죄와회개 ) What is the theme of Joel and why was it written? 77, 아모스서의내용과목적은무엇입니까? ( 부정부패규탄, 정의외침, 속죄가오심 ) What is the theme of Amos and why was it written? 78, 학개서의중심내용은무엇입니까? ( 성전재건 ) What is the central theme of Haggai? 79, 복음서, 역사서, 바울서신, 공동서신을구분하십시오. List the New Testament books according to the following categories: Gospels, History, Pauline Epistles, and General Epistles 80, 공관복음이란무엇입니까? Explain Synoptic Gospels. 81, 마태복음의족보와누가복음의족보의차이점은무엇입니까? What is the difference between the genealogy in Matthew and that in Luke? 82, 임마누엘의뜻은무엇입니까? ( 마 1:23) What does Emmanuel mean? (Matthew 1:23)
10 83, 예수님이태어나신동네이름은무엇입니까? Where was Jesus born? 84, 동방박사들이아기예수님께드린예물은어떤것이있습니까? What gifts did the wise men bring to baby Jesus? 85, 예수님이받으신세 (3) 가지시험을간단히설명하시오. Explain briefly three temptations Jesus received. 86, 예수님이자라나신지명은? Where did Jesus grow up? 87, 팔 (8) 복은어느책, 몇장에기록되어있습니까? What book and chapter of the Bible is the Beatitudes recorded? 88, 예수님의열두 (12) 제자의이름을쓰시오. Name the twelve disciples of Jesus. 89, 베드로 라는이름의뜻과그내력을설명하시오. Explain what the name "Peter" means and how the name was given to him. 90, 예수님께서천국을비유한내용들을열거하십시오.( 마 13 장 ) List the parables about the kingdom of heaven in Matthew , 예수님의형제들의이름을기록하십시오. ( 마 13 장 ) List the names of Jesus' brothers. (Matthew 13) 92, 예수님의시체를자기무덤에장사한사람은누구입니까? ( 마 27 장 ) Who buried Jesus in his own tomb? (Matthew 27) 93, 예수님께서부활하신후처음만난사람은누구입니까?( 마 28 장 ) Who was the first person Jesus saw after the resurrection? (Matthew 28) 94, 달리다굼 의뜻은무엇입니까? ( 막 5:41) What does "Talitha cumi" mean? (Mark 5:41) 95, 에바다 는무슨뜻입니까? ( 막 7 장 ) What does "Ephphatha" mean? (Mark 7) 96, 십자가위에서하신예수님의일곱말씀을기록하십시오. Write the seven last words of Christ on the cross. 97, 부활이없다고주장하는사람들은어떤사람들입니까? Who claimed there was no resurrection? 98, 어떤사람에게하나님의자녀가되는권세를주셨습니까? ( 요 1 장 ) Who is given the right to become children of God (John 1) 99, 예수님의처음표적은무엇입니까? ( 요 2 장 ) What was the first sign of Jesus? (John 2)
11 100, 예수님께서수가성의여인에게가르치신예배의태도는? ( 요 4 장 ) What did Jesus teach the woman at the well about worship? (John 4) 101, 실로암은어떻게번역되는말입니까? ( 요 9 강 ) What does "Siloam" mean? (John 9) 102, 예수님의중보기도는어디에있습니까? ( 요 17 장 ) Where is Jesus' intercessary prayer recorded? (John 17) 103, 예수님께서아버지께구하여영원토록우리와함께있게하실분은누구이십니까? ( 요 14 장 ) Who is with us forever, whom Jesus asked the Father to send? (John 14) 104, 빌라도가예수님의십자가위의패에써붙인말은무엇입니까? ( 요 19 장 ) What was written on the notice Pilate had prepared and fastened on the cross? (John 19) 105, 예수님의새계명이무엇입니까? ( 요 13:34) What is the new commandment Jesus gave? (John 13:34) 106, 영생의정의가무엇입니까? ( 요 17: ) Define eternal life. (John 17) 107, 말세에대한징조를아는대로쓰십시오. ( 마 24: ) Write the signs of the end times as you know. (Matthew 24) 108, 요한복음 3:16 을외워쓰십시오. Write John 3: , 사도행전은누가기록한책입니까? Who wrote the book of Acts. 110, 사도행전 1:8 을외워쓰십시오. Write Acts 1:8. 111, 초대교회의일곱집사의이름을기록하십시오. ( 행 6: ) List the Seven Deacons of the early church. (Acts 6) 112, 사울이어느길을가다가예수님을만나는은혜를받았습니까? Where was Saul heading when he encountered Jesus? 113, 성령의권능을돈을드려사려고하였던사람은누구입니까? ( 행 8 장 ) Who tried to buy the power of the Spirit with money? (Acts 8) 114, 제자들이처음으로그리스도인이라고불렸던곳은어디입니까? ( 행 11 장 ) Where was believers called Christians for the first time? (Acts 11) 115, 바울과바나바는왜다투었습니까? ( 행 15 장 ) Why did Paul and Barbabas quarrel? (Acts 15)
12 116, 설교시간에졸다가떨어진사람은누구입니까? ( 행 20 장 ) Who fell from the upstairs window slumbering during Paul's teaching? 117, 로마서의총제목은무엇입니까? What is the complete title of Romans? 118, 고린도교회의분쟁의원인은무엇입니까?( 고전 1 장 ) What was the cause of the disputes in the Corinthian church? (1Corinthians 1) 119, 성령의은사에대하여아는대로기록하십시오. ( 고전 12 장 ) Write about the spiritual gifts as much as you know. (1Corinthians 12) 120, 헌금할때에어떤마음으로해야합니까? ( 고후 9 장 ) With what kind of heart attitude should we give offerings? (2Corinthians 9) 121, 성령의열매는무엇입니까? ( 갈 5 장 ) What is the fruit of the Spirit? (Galatians 5) 122, 전신갑주에대하여기록하십시오. ( 엡 6 장 ) Write about the full armor of God. (Ephesians 6) 123, 바울의인생관이달라진것을어떻게표현하였습니까? ( 빌 3 장 ) What is Paul's way of expressing his changed way of life? (Philippians 3) 124, 세례의뜻이무엇입니까? ( 골 2 장 ; 롬 6 장 ) What is the meaning of baptism? (Colossians 2, Romans 6) 125, 믿음장, 사랑장, 부활장은각각어디입니까? ( 히 11 장. 고전 13 장, 15 장 ) What chapters of the Bible are called the chapter of faith, the chapter of love, and the chapter of resurrection? (Hebrews 11, 1Corinthians 13, 1Corinthians 15) 126, 예수님이부활하신후나타나신기록을구체적으로써보십시오. ( 복음서, 사도행전 1 장, 고전 15 장 ) Write in detail about the records of Jesus' appearance after his resurrection. (Gospels, Acts 1 and 1Corinthians 15) 127, 계시록에서, 아시아일곱교회의이름들과특징을간단히기록하십시오. ( 계 3 장 ) List the names and brief descriptions of the seven church in Revelation. (Revelation 3). 128, 믿음에더공급해야할것들이무엇입니까? ( 벧후 1 장 ) What should be added to faith? (2Peter 1) 129, 우리를향하신하나님의뜻 3 가지는무엇입니까? ( 살전 5 장 ) What are the three things God wills for us? (1Thessalonians 5) 130, 교회의시작을알리는책은? Which book in the Bible records the beginning of church?
13 소요리문답 (SC) The Westminster Shorter Catechism SQ. 1. What is the chief end of man? A. Man's chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever. 소 1. 인간의제일되는목적은무엇인가? 답. 인간의제일되는목적은하나님을영화롭게하며, 영원토록그를즐거워하는것이다. SQ. 2. What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him? A. The Word of God which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him. 소 2. 어떻게우리가그를영화롭게하며즐거워해야하는지우리를지도해주기위하여하나님께서무슨 규범을주셨는가? 구약과신약성경안에담겨있는하나님의말씀이어떻게우리가그를영화롭게하며즐거워해야하는지 우리를지도해주는유일한규범이다. SQ. 3. What do the Scriptures principally teach? A. The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man. 3. 성경은주로무엇을가르치는가? 답. 성경은주로사람이하나님에대하여무엇을믿어야하며, 하나님께서사람에게요구하는의무가 무엇인지를가르친다. SQ. 4. What is God? A. God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable, in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth. 소 4. 하나님은무슨본성을가지고계시는가? 답. 하나님은영으로서, 그의존재, 지혜, 능력, 거룩, 공의, 선, 그리고진리에있어서무한하며영원하고
14 불변하신다. SQ. 5. Are there more Gods than one? A. There is but one only, the living and true God. 소 5. 하나이상의신들이있는가? 답. 오로지하나의살아계시고참된하나님이계실뿐이다. SQ. 6. How many Persons are there in the Godhead? A. There are three Persons in the Godhead: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory. 소 6. 신격에는몇분이계시는가? 답. 신격에는세분, 즉아버지와아들과성령이계시니, 이셋은본질이동일하고능력과영광이동등한 하나의하나님이다. SQ. 7. What are the decrees of God? A. The decrees of God are his eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass. 소 7. 하나님의작정이란무엇인가? 답. 하나님의작정이란그의뜻의경륜에따른하나님의영원한목적으로서, 이에의해그가자신의 영광을위해앞으로일어날모든것을미리정하셨다. SQ. 8. How doth God execute his decrees? A. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence. 소 8. 하나님은그의작정을어떻게실행하시는가? 답. 하나님은그의작정을창조와섭리사역으로실행하신다. SQ. 9. What is the work of creation? A. The work of creation is God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space
15 of six days, and all very good. 소 9. 창조의사역이란무엇인가? 답. 창조의사역이란하나님께서그의능력의말씀으로 6 일의기간동안에모두매우좋게만물을 무로부터만드신것이다. SQ. 10. How did God create man? A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures. 소 10. 하나님은인간을어떻게창조하셨는가? 답. 하나님은인간을남자와여자로, 그리고지식과의로움와거룩함에서그자신의형상대로창조하여, 피조물을다스리도록하셨다. SQ. 11. What are God's works of providence? A. God's works of providence are his most holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions. 소 11. 하나님의섭리사역이란무엇인가? 답. 하나님의섭리사역이란그의모든피조물과그들의모든행동에대한그의가장거룩하고 지혜로우며능력있는보존과다스림이다. SQ. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise towards man in the estate wherein he was created? A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death. 소 12. 하나님은창조된상태의인간에대해서무슨특별한섭리행위를행사하셨는가? 답. 하나님이인간을창조했을때, 그는완전한순종을조건으로사람과생명의언약을맺고, 또한그에게 사망의형벌로서선악을알게하는나무먹는것을금지하였다. SQ. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created? A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were
16 created, by sinning against God. 소 13. 우리인류의첫부모는창조된상태를유지하였는가? 답. 그들자신의의지의자유에맡겨진우리인류의첫부모는하나님께범죄함으로서창조된상태로부터 타락하였다. SQ. 14. What is sin? A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God. 소 14. 죄란무엇인가? 답. 죄란하나님의법을여하히부족하게준행하거나불복하는것이다. SQ. 15. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created? A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created was their eating the forbidden fruit. 소 15. 우리인류의첫부모가창조된상태로부터타락한죄는무엇인가? 답. 우리인류의첫부모가창조된상태로부터타락한죄는그들이금지된열매를먹은것이다. SQ. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression? A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his posterity, all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him, in his first transgression. 소 16. 모든인류가아담의첫범죄에서타락했는가? 답. 아담과맺은계약은그자신뿐아니라그의후손들도위한것이어서, 통상적인출생에의해서 그로부터내려온모든인류는그안에서범죄했으며, 그의첫범죄에서그와함께타락하였다. SQ. 17. Into what estate did the Fall bring mankind? A. The Fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery. 소 17. 타락이인류를어떤상태로이끌었는가?
17 답. 타락은인류를죄와비참의상태로이끌었다. SQ. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell? A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell consists in: the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it. 소 18. 인간이타락한상태의죄성은어디에있는가? 답. 인간이타락한상태의죄성은아담이범한첫죄의죄책, 원래적의의결여, 그리고보통원죄라고 불리는인간모든본성의오염및그로부터나오는모든자범죄에있다. SQ. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell? A. All mankind, by their fall, lost communion with God, are under his wrath and curse, and so made liable to all miseries of this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever. 소 19. 인간이타락한상태의비참이란무엇인가? 답. 그들의타락에의해, 모든인류는하나님과의교제를상실하고그의진노와저주아래노이게 되었으며, 그리하여현세의모든비참과죽음자체, 그리고영원한지옥의고통을당하게되었다. SQ. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery? A. God, having out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer. 소 20. 하나님은모든인류가죄와비참의상태에서전멸하도록버려두셨는가? 답. 하나님은그의순전히선한기쁨에서영원전에얼마를영생토록선택하여은혜계약에들어갔기 때문에, 그들을죄와비참의상태에서구출하여구속자에의해구원의상태로이끌었다. SQ. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect? A. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was, and continueth to be, God and man, in two distinct natures, and one Person forever.
18 소 21. 하나님이선택한구속자는누구인가? 답. 하나님이선택한유일한구속자는주예수그리스도인데, 그는하나님의영원한아들로서인간이 되었으며, 그리하여구별된두본성과한인격을가진하나님과인간이었고, 또한영원히계속그러하다. SQ. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man? A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her, yet without sin. 소 22. 하나님의아들이신그리스도께서어떻게인간이되었는가? 답. 하나님의아들이신그리스도께서인간이된방식은, 그자신에게진정한육체와이성적인영혼을 취하시고, 성령의능력으로동정녀마리아의태중에잉태되어그녀에게서, 그러나죄가없이나셨다. SQ. 23. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer? A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation. 소 23. 그리스도는우리의구속자로서무슨직분을수행하는가? 답. 그리스도는우리의구속자로서비하와승귀의두상태에서선지자, 제사장, 그리고왕의직분을 수행한다. SQ. 24. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet? A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet in revealing to us by his Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation. 소 24. 그리스도는어떻게선지자의직분을수행하는가? 답. 그리스도는그의말씀과성령에의해우리의구원에대한하나님의뜻을우리에게계시하심으로 선지자의직분을수행한다. SQ. 25. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest? A. Christ executeth the office of a priest in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercession for us.
19 소 25. 그리스도는어떻게제사장의직분을수행하는가? 답. 그리스도는자기자신을하나님의공의를만족시키며우리를하나님과화목시키는제물로단번에 드리심으로, 그리고우리를위한계속적중재를행함으로제사장의직분을수행한다. SQ. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king? A. Christ executeth the office of a king in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies. 소 26. 그리스도는어떻게왕의직분을수행하는가? 답. 그리스도는우리를자기자신에게복속시킴으로, 우리를다스리고보호함으로, 그리고자기와우리의 적들을억제하고정복함으로왕의직분을수행한다. SQ. 27. Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist? A. Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross; in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time. 소 27. 그리스도의비하는어디에있는가? 답. 그리스도의비하는그의태어나심, 더욱이비천한신분으로그러하심과율법아래나심, 이생의 비참함과하나님의진노와십자가의저주받은죽음을겪으심에, 그리고장사됨과얼마동안죽음의 권세아래계속처함에있다. SQ. 28. Wherein consisteth Christ's exaltation? A. Christ's exaltation consisteth in his rising again from the dead on the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last day. 소 28. 그리스도의승귀는어디에있는가? 답. 그리스도의승귀는제 3 일에죽은자로부터다시살아나심에, 하늘로올라가심에, 하나님아버지의 우편에앉으심에, 그리고마지막날에세상을심판하기위해오심에있다. SQ. 29. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ? A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ by the effectual application of it to
20 us by his Holy Spirit. 소 29. 우리가어떻게그리스도께서사신구속의참여자가되는가? 답. 우리가그리스도께서사신구속에참여자가되는길은그의성령께서우리에게구속을효력있게 적용하는것이다. SQ. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ? A. The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling. 소 30. 성령은그리스도께서사신구속을우리에게어떻게적용하시는가? 답. 성령은우리를효력있게부르심으로우리안에믿음을일으키시고그리하여우리를그리스도와 연합시킴으로서그리스도께서사신구속을우리에게적용하신다. SQ. 31. What is effectual calling? A. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel. 소 31. 유효한소명이란무엇인가? 답. 유효한소명은하나님의영이하시는일로서, 이로말미암아우리의죄와비참함을깨닫게하시고, 우리마음을밝혀그리스도를알게하시며, 우리의지를새롭게하심으로, 성령께서우리에게복음안에 값없이제시된예수그리스도를받아들이도록설득하며능력을주신다. SQ. 32. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life? A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification, adoption, sanctification, and the several benefits which, in this life, do either accompany or flow from them. 소 32. 유효하게부르심을받은자들은현세에서무슨유익에참여하는가? 답. 유효하게부르심을받은자들은현세에서칭의, 수양, 성화, 그리고현세에서거기에수반되거나 유출되는여러가지유익에참여한다. SQ. 33. What is justification?
21 A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone. 소 33. 칭의란무엇인가? 답. 칭의는하나님께서값없이주시는은혜의행위로서, 그가우리의모든죄를용서하시고우리를 의롭다고보아받아주시는것인데, 이는오로지우리에게전가되고믿음만으로받아들인그리스도의 의로움때문이다. SQ. 34. What is adoption? A. Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges, of the sons of God. 소 34. 양자로삼는다는것은무엇인가? 답. 양자로삼는다는것은하나님이거져주신은혜의행위로서, 이로인해우리를하나님의자녀의 수효중에들게하시며, 그모든특권을누리게하시는것이다. SQ. 35. What is sanctification? A. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of god, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin and live unto righteousness. 소 35. 거룩하게하심은무엇인가? 답. 거룩하게하심은거져주신은혜의역사로, 이로인해우리가하나님의형상을좇아전인격이 새로워지게되고, 점점죄에대하여는능히죽고, 의에대하여는능히살게되는것이다. SQ. 36. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification? A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification are: assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end. 소 36. 이생에서의롭다하심과양자로삼으신것과거룩하게하심에서함께받게되거나, 또는거기서 나오는유익은무엇인가? 답. 이생에서의롭다하심과양자로삼으신것과거룩하게하심에서함께받거나또는거기서나오는
22 유익은하나님의사랑을확실히아는것과, 양심이평안한것과, 성령안에서얻는쾌락과, 은혜의더함과 끝까지굳게참는것이다. SQ. 37. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death? A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness, and do immediately pass into glory; and their bodies, being still united to Christ, do rest in their graves till the resurrection. 소 37. 신자가죽을때그리스도에게서무슨유익을받는가? 답. 신자가죽을때그영혼이완전히거룩하게되어즉시영광중에들어가고그몸은여전히그리스도께 연합하여부활할때까지무덤에서쉬게된다. SQ. 38. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection A. At the resurrection, believers, being raised up in glory, shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the Day of Judgment, and made perfectly blessed in the full enjoying of God to all eternity. 소 38. 신자가부활할때그리스도에게서무슨유익을받는가? 답. 신자가부활할때다시살아나게되어심판날에공적인정을받는것과, 죄없다하심을받고완전히 복을받아영원히하나님을흡족하게즐거워하는것이다. SQ. 39. What is the duty which God requireth of man? A. The duty which God requireth of man is obedience to his revealed will. 소 39. 하나님께서사람에게요구하시는의무는무엇인가? 답. 하나님께서사람에게요구하시는의무는그가나타내신뜻에복종하는것이다. SQ. 40. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience? A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience was the moral law. 소 40. 하나님께서자기에게복종할법규로서사람에게처음나타내보이신것은무엇인가? 답. 하나님께서자기에게복종할법규로서사람에게처음나타내보이신것은도덕상의법칙이다. SQ. 41. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?
23 A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments. 소 41. 이도덕상의법칙은어디에요약되어있는가? 답. 이도덕상의법칙은십계명에요약되어있다. SQ. 42. What is the sum of the Ten Commandments? A. The sum of the Ten Commandments is: to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbor as ourselves. 소 42. 십계명의대강령은무엇인가? 답. 십계명의대강령은우리의마음을다하고성품을다하고뜻을다하고힘을다하여주우리하나님을 사랑하고, 또이웃사랑하기를우리몸같이하라하신것이다. SQ. 43. What is the preface to the Ten Commandments? A. The preface to the Ten Commandments is in these words: "I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage." 소 43. 십계명의서문은무엇인가? 답. 십계명의서문은곧 " 나는너를애굽땅, 종되었던집에서인도하여낸너의하나님여호와로라 " 고 하신말씀속에있다. SQ. 44. What doth the preface to the Ten Commandments teach us? A, The preface to the Ten Commandments teacheth us that because God is the Lord, and our God and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments. 소 44. 십계명의서문이우리에게교훈하는것은무엇인가? 답. 십계명의서문이우리에게교훈하는것은하나님께서주가되시며우리하나님이시오, 또우리의 구속자도되시므로우리가마땅히그의계명을지켜야하겠다는것이다. SQ. 45. Which is the First Commandment? A. The First Commandment is, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me." 소 45. 제일계명은무엇인가?
24 답. 제일계명은 " 나외에는다른신을네게있게말지니라 " 하신것이다. SQ. 46. What is required in the First Commandment? A. The First Commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God; and to worship and glorify him accordingly. 소 46. 제일계명이명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제일계명이우리에게명하시는것은하나님은유일하시고참되신신이시며, 우리의하나님되심을 알고인정하여그에게경배와영광을돌려야한다는것이다. SQ. 47. What is forbidden in the First Commandment? A. The First Commandment forbiddeth the denying, or not worshiping and glorifying, the true God as God, and our God; and the giving of that worship and glory to any other which is due to him alone. 소 47. 제일계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제일계명에서금하는것은참신을하나님으로또한우리의하나님으로받아들이지않거나, 경배하며영화롭게하지않는것과, 그에게만드리기에합당한경배와영광을다른이에게돌리는것이다. SQ. 48 What are we specially taught by these words, "before me," in the First Commandment? A. These words, "before me," in the First Commandment teach us that God, who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other god. 소 48. 제일계명의 " 나외에는 " 이란말씀이우리에게특별히교훈하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제일계명의 " 나외에는 " 이란말씀이우리에게특별히교훈하는것은만물을보시는하나님이어떤 다른신을섬기는죄를내려다보시고매우싫어하신다는것이다. SQ. 49. Which is the Second Commandment? A. The Second Commandment is, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments."
25 소 49. 제이계명은무엇인가? 답. 제이계명은 " 너를위하여새긴우상을만들지말고, 또위로하늘에있는것이나아래로땅에있는것이나땅아래물속에있는것의아무형상이든지만들지말며그것들에게절하지말며그것들을섬기지말라. 나여호와너의하나님은질투하는하나님인즉, 나를미워하는자의죄를갚되아비로부터아들에게삼사대까지이르게하거니와나를사랑하고내계명을지키는자에게는천대까지은혜를베푸느니라 " 하신것이다. SQ. 50. What is required in the Second Commandment? A. The Second Commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his Word. 소 50. 제이계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제이계명에서명하는것은하나님이자기말씀가운데서정하신모든종교적예배와규례를받아 순종하며, 깨끗하고온전하게지키라는것이다. SQ. 51. What is forbidden in the Second Commandment? A. The Second Commandment forbiddeth the worshiping of God by images, or any other way not appointed in his Word. 소 51. 제이계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제이계명에서금하는것은형상으로하나님을예배하거나그의말씀가운데정하지않은어떤다른 방법으로예배하는것이다. SQ. 52. What are the reasons annexed to the Second Commandment? A. The reasons annexed to the Second Commandment are: God's sovereignty over us, his propriety in us, and the zeal he hath to his own worship. 소 52. 제이계명을지키라하신이유는무엇인가? 답. 제이계명을지키라하신이유는하나님이우리의주권자가되시며, 우리의소유주가되시며, 홀로 자기에게만예배하는것을열망하시기때문이다. SQ. 53. Which is the Third Commandment?
26 A. The Third Commandment is, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain." 소 53. 제삼계명은무엇인가? 답. 제삼계명은 " 너는너의하나님여호와의이름을망령되이일컫지말라. 나여호와는나의이름을 망령되이일컫는자를죄없다하지아니하리라 " 한것이다. SQ. 54. What is required in the Third Commandment? A. The Third Commandment requireth the holy and reverent use of God's names, titles, attributes, ordinances, Word, and works. 소 54. 제삼계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제삼계명에서명하는것은하나님의이름과칭호와속성과규례와말씀과행사를거룩하고존경하는 마음으로사용하라는것이다. SQ. 55. What is forbidden in the Third Commandment? A. The Third Commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abusing of anything whereby God maketh himself known. 소 55. 제삼계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제삼계명에서금하는것은하나님이자기를나타내신것이무엇이든지훼방하거나악용하지말라는 것이다. SQ. 56. What is the reason annexed to the Third Commandment? A. The reason annexed to the Third Commandment is that, however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment. 소 56. 제삼계명을지키라하신이유는무엇인가? 답. 제삼계명을지키라하신이유는이계명을범하는자가비록사람에게서는형벌을피할수 있을지라도주우리하나님은저로하여금그공의의심판을피하지못하게하시기때문이다. SQ. 57. Which is the Fourth Commandment?
27 A. The Fourth Commandment is, "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it." 소 57. 제사계명은무엇인가? 답. 제사계명은 " 안식일을기억하여거룩히지키라. 엿새동안은힘써네모든일을행할것이나, 제칠일은너희하나님여호와의안식일인즉너나네아들이나네딸이나네남종이나네여종이나네육축이나네문안에유하는객이라도아무일도하지말라. 이는엿새동안에나여호와가하늘과땅과바다와그가운데모든것을만들고제칠일에쉬었음이라. 그러므로나여호와가안식일을복되게하여그날을거룩하게하였느니라 " 하신것이다. SQ. 58. What is required in the Fourth Commandment? A. The Fourth Commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his Word; expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy Sabbath to himself. 소 58. 제사계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제사계명에서명하는것은하나님이자기말씀가운데서명하신일정한때를그의앞에서거룩히 지키는것인데, 특별히이레중하루를종일토록하나님께거룩한안식일이되게하는것이다. SQ. 59 Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly Sabbath? A. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath. 소 59. 하나님께서이레중에어느날을안식일로정하셨는가? 답. 세상시초부터그리스도의부활까지는하나님이매주의일곱째날을안식일로정하셨고, 그후로부터 끝날이될때까지는매주의첫날을명하셨으니, 이날이바로그리스도인의안식일이다. SQ. 60. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified? A. The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days; and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.
28 소 60. 어떻게하여안식일을거룩하게하겠는가? 답. 안식일을거룩하게하는것은그날종일을거룩하게쉼으로할것이니다른날에할수있는여러 가지세상일과오락까지그치고그시간을공적, 또는사적예매로사용할것이며, 그외에는부득이한 일과자선에관한일에사용할수있는것이다. SQ. 61. What is forbidden in the Fourth Commandment? A. The Fourth Commandment forbiddeth the omission, or careless performance, of the duties required, and the profaning the day by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our worldly employments or recreations. 소 61. 제사계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제사계명에서금하는것은그명한바의의무를이행하지않거나, 혹은조심없이이행한다든가 태만함으로, 또는죄되는일을행하거나세상의여러가지일과오락에대하여불필요한생각과말과 행동으로그날을더럽히는일들이다. SQ. 62. What are the reasons annexed to the Fourth Commandment? A. The reasons annexed to the Fourth Commandment are: God's allowing us six days of the week for our own employments, his challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blessing the Sabbath Day. 소 62. 제사계명을지키라한이유는무엇인가? 답. 제사계명을지키라한이유는하나님이우리자신들의생업을위해매주엿새동안을허락하시고, 제 칠일은자기가특별히주장하는이가되신것과자기가친히모범을보이신것과안식일을축복하신 것이다. SQ. 63. Which is the Fifth Commandment? A. The Fifth Commandment is, "Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee." 소 63. 제오계명은무엇인가? 답. 제오계명은 " 네부모를공경하라. 그리하면너의하나님나여호와가네게준땅에서네생명이 길리라 " 하신것이다.
29 SQ. 64. What is required in the Fifth Commandment? A. The Fifth Commandment requireth the preserving the honor, and performing the duties, belonging to everyone in their several places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals. 소 64. 제오계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제오계명에서명하는것은각사람에게속한자기들의지위와인륜관계, 즉상하와평등을따라높일 자? 높이고의무를다하라는것이다. SQ. 65. What is forbidden in the Fifth Commandment? A. The Fifth Commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing anything against, the honor and duty which belongeth to everyone in their several places and relations. 소 65. 제오계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제오계명에서금하는것은각사람에게속한자기들의지위와인륜관계에있어서마땅히높일것과 행할일을소홀히하거나반대되는일을하는것이다. SQ. 66. What is the reason annexed to the Fifth Commandment? A. The reason annexed to the Fifth Commandment is a promise of long life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve for God's glory, and their own good) to all such as keep this commandment. 소 66. 제오계명을지키라한이유는무엇인가? 답. 제오계명을지키라한이유는이계명을지키는모든사람에게하나님께영광이되고, 자기 자신들에게선이되는한장수하고번영하는복을주시겠다고약속을하셨기때문이다. SQ. 67. Which is the Sixth Commandment? A. The Sixth Commandment is, "Thou shalt not kill." 소 67. 제육계명은무엇인가? 답. 제육계명은 " 살인하지말지니라 " 하신것이다. SQ. 68. What is required in the Sixth Commandment? A. The Sixth Commandment requireth all lawful endeavors to preserve our own life, and the life of
30 others. 소 68. 제육계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제육계명에서명하는것은모든것은합법적인노력으로우리자신의생명과남의생명을 보존하라는것이다. SQ. 69. What is forbidden in the Sixth Commandment? A. The Sixth Commandment forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbor unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto. 소 69. 제육계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제육계명에서금하는것은불의하게우리자신의생명이나이웃의생명을빼앗거나해하는일들이다. SQ. 70. Which is the Seventh Commandment? A. The Seventh Commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery." 소 70. 제칠계명은무엇인가? 답. 제칠계명은 " 간음하지말지니라 " 하신것이다. SQ. 71. What is required in the Seventh Commandment? A. The Seventh Commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbor's chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior. 소 71. 제칠계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제칠계명에서명하는것은생각과말과행동에서자기자신과이웃의정조를보전하라는것이다. SQ. 72. What is forbidden in the Seventh Commandment? A. The Seventh Commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions. 소 72. 제칠계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제칠계명에서금하는것은모든부정한생각과말과행동이다.
31 SQ. 73. Which is the Eighth Commandment? A. The Eighth Commandment is, "Thou shalt not steal." 소 73. 제팔계명은무엇인가? 답. 제팔계명은 " 도적질하지말지니라 " 하신것이다. SQ. 74. What is required in the Eighth Commandment? A. The Eighth Commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others. 소 74. 제팔계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제팔계명에서명하는것은합법적인방법으로우리자신들과남의재물과산업을얻고, 또한 이것들을증진시키는것이다. SQ. 75. What is forbidden in the Eighth Commandment? A. The Eighth Commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth, or may, unjustly hinder our own, or our neighbor's, wealth or outward estate. 소 75. 제팔계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제팔계명에서금하는것은우리자신과이웃의재물과산업을부당하게방해하거나, 또는방해될만한 일을금하는것이다. SQ. 76. Which is the Ninth Commandment? A. The Ninth Commandment is, "Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor." 소 76. 제구계명은무엇인가? 답. 제구계명은 " 네이웃에대하여거짓증거하지말지니라 " 고한것이다. SQ. 77. What is required in the Ninth Commandment? A. The Ninth Commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, and of our own and our neighbor's good name, especially in witness-bearing.
32 소 77. 제구계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제구계명에서명하는것은특히증거하는일에있어서피차간의진실함과, 또우리자신과이웃의 명예를유지하고증진시키라는것이다. SQ. 78. What is forbidden in the Ninth-Commandment? A. The Ninth Commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, or injurious to our own or our neighbor's good name. 소 78. 제구계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제구계명에서금하는것은진실에대하여해로운그무엇이든지, 혹은우리나우리이웃의 명예훼손을금하는일이다. SQ. 79. Which is the Tenth Commandment? A. The Tenth Commandment is, "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbor's." 소 79. 제십계명은무엇인가? 답. 제십계명은 " 네이웃의집을탐내지말지니라. 네이웃의아내나그의소나그의나귀나무릇네 이웃의소유를탐내지말지니라 " 한것이다. SQ. 80. What is required in the Tenth Commandment? A. The Tenth Commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition, with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbor and all that is his. 소 80. 제십계명에서명하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제십계명에서명하는것은우리자신의처지에만족하여, 이웃과그의모든것에대하여의롭고 사랑하는마음을품으라는것이다. SQ. 81. What is forbidden in the Tenth Commandment? A. The Tenth Commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate, envying or grieving at the good of our neighbor, and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his.
33 소 81. 제십계명에서금하는것은무엇인가? 답. 제십계명에서금하는것은우리자신의처지에대한모든불만과이웃의행복을시기하거나좋지 않게여기는것과이웃에게속한어떤물건에대한모든부당한행동과감정이다. SQ. 82. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God? A. No mere man, since the Fall, is able, in this life, perfectly to keep the commandments of God, but doth daily break them, in thought, word, and deed. 소 82. 하나님의계명들을완전하게지킬수있는사람이있는가? 답. 타락이후에는어떤인간도현세에서하나님의계명들을완전하게지킬수없으며, 생각과말과 행동에서매일그것들을어긴다. SQ. 83. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous? A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others. 소 83. 그법의모든범죄가동등하게흉악한가? 답. 어떤죄는본질적으로그리고여러가지악화요인들때문에다른죄보다하나님보시기에더 흉악하다. SQ. 84. What doth every sin deserve? A. Every sin deserveth God's wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come. 소 84. 모든죄는무엇을받기에합당한가? 답. 모든죄는현세와내세에서하나님의진노와저주를받기에합당하다. SQ. 85. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse, due to us for sin? A. To escape the wrath and curse of God, due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption. 소 85. 우리가범죄의대가로우리에게당연한하나님의진노와저주를피하기위하여, 하나님께서 우리에게요구하는것은무엇인가?
34 답. 범죄의대가로우리에게당연한하나님의진노와저주를피하기위하여, 하나님께서우리에게 요구하는것은예수그리스도에대한신앙, 생명에이르는회개, 그리고그리스도께서구속의은택들을 우리에게전달하는모든외적인방편의부지런한사용이다. SQ. 86. What is faith in Jesus Christ? A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel. 소 86. 예수그리스도를믿는다는것은무엇인가? 답. 예수그리스도를믿는다는것은구원의은혜인데, 우리가복음에제시된대로구원받기위해오직 예수님만을받아들이고의지하는것이다. SQ. 87. What is repentance unto life? A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin, and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God, with full purpose of, and endeavor after, new obedience. 소 87. 생명에이르는회개는무엇인가? 답. 생명에이르는회개는곧구원의은혜이데, 이로말미암아죄인이자기죄를바로알고그리스도 안에서하나님의자비를깨달아자기죄에대하여슬퍼하고미워하고그죄에서떠나하나님께로 돌아가서굳은결심과노력으로써새롭게순종하는것이다. SQ. 88. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption? A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption are his ordinances, especially the Word, sacraments, and prayer, all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation. 소 88. 그리스도가우리에게구속의유익을전하는표현적이며일반적인방법은무엇인가? 답. 그리스도가우리에게구원의유익을전하는표현적이며일반적인방법은그의규례인데, 특히말씀과 성례와기도를의미하며이모든것이구원을위하여택함을받은자들에게효력이있는것이다. SQ. 89. How is the Word made effectual to salvation? A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the Word an effectual means
35 of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort, through faith unto salvation. 소 89. 하나님의말씀이어떻게효력이되어구원에이르게하는가? 답. 하나님의영은하나님의말씀을읽는것과특히, 설교를효력있는방도로삼아죄인을반성시켜 회개하게하시며, 또믿음으로말미암아거룩함과위로를더하사구원에이르게하신다. SQ. 90. How is the Word to be read and heard, that it may become effectual to salvation? A. That the Word may become effectual to salvation we must attend thereunto with diligence, preparation, and prayer; receive it with faith and love; lay it up in our hearts; and practice it in our lives. 소 90. 하나님의말씀을어떻게읽고들어야구원에이르는효력이되는가? 답. 하나님의말씀이구원에이르는효력이되게하려면우리는부지런함과마음의준비와기도로서 임하여야하며, 믿음과사랑으로서그말씀을받아들여우리마음에간직하며우리의생활로실천하여야 한다. SQ. 91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation? A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them, but only by the blessing of Christ, and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them. 소 91. 어떻게하여성례가효력있는구원의방도가되는가? 답. 성례가구원의효력있는구원의방도가되는것은성례그자체에나성례를행하는자에게어떤덕이 있어서가아니라다만그리스도의축복하심과또믿음으로성례를받는자들속에성령이역사하심으로 되는것이다. SQ. 92. What is a sacrament? A. A sacrament is a holy ordinance instituted by Christ, wherein, by sensible signs, Christ and the benefits of the new covenant are represented, sealed, and applied to believers. 소 92. 성례는무엇인가? 답. 성례는그리스도께서세우신거룩한예식인데, 그속에그리스도와새언약의유익이감각적인표로서
36 인쳐져서신자들에게적용되는것이다. SQ. 93. Which are the sacraments of the New Testament? A. The sacraments of the New Testament are Baptism and the Lord's Supper. 소 93. 신약의성례는무엇인가? 답. 신약의성례는세례와성찬이다. SQ. 94. What is Baptism? A. Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washing with water, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's. 소 94. 세례는무엇인가? 답. 세례는물을가지고성부와성자와성령의이름으로씻는성례인데, 이것은우리가그리스도에게 접붙임이되는것과은혜계약의여러가지유익에참여하는것과주님의사람이되기로약속하는것을 의미하며인치는것이다. SQ. 95. To whom is Baptism to be administered? A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible Church, till they profess their faith in Christ and obedience to him; but the infants of such as are members of the visible Church are to be baptized. 소 95. 세례는어떤사람에게베푸는것인가? 답. 세례는교회밖에있는자들에게는베풀지않으며, 그들이그리스도를믿고그에게복종하겠다는 고백을할때비로소베풀게되며, 입교한자의자녀들에게도베풀게되어있다. SQ. 96. What is the Lord's Supper? A. The Lord's Supper is a sacrament, wherein by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is showed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace.
37 소 96. 주의성찬은무엇인가? 답. 주의성찬은성례로서그리스도가정하신대로떡과포도주를주고받음으로그의죽음을나타내 보이는것인데, 이성례를합당하게받는자들은육체와정욕을따라서참여하지않고, 믿음으로서그의 몸과피에참여하여그의모든유익을받아신령한양식을먹고은혜속에서장성하는것이다. SQ. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of.the Lord's Supper? A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's Supper that they examine themselves, of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance, love, and new obedience; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves. 소 97. 주의성찬에합당하게참여하려면어떻게하여야되는가? 답. 주의성찬에합당하게참여하려면반드시주님의몸을분별할줄아는지각과주님의양식으로삼는 믿음과, 회개와사랑과복종할새로운각오가자기들에게있는지없는지스스로살펴야한다. 혹부당하게 참여하여자기들에게돌아올정죄를먹고마실까하는우려가있기때문이다. SQ. 98. What is prayer? A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God, for things agreeable to his will, in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins, and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies. 소 98. 기도는무엇인가? 답. 기도는그리스도의이름으로우리의소원을하나님께고해바치는것을말하는데, 곧그의뜻에 합당한것들을간구하고죄를자복하며, 그의자비를감사하게인식하는것이다. SQ. 99. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer? A. The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called "the Lord's Prayer." 소 99. 하나님께서우리의기도를지도하시기위해무슨법칙을주셨는가? 답. 하나님의모든말씀이우리가기도를어떻게할것인가를가르쳐주는데유용하지만, 기도의특별한 지침은그리스도께서자기제자들에게가르쳐주신바로그와같은기도인데, 보통으로 " 주기도문 " 이라고 말한다.
38 SQ What doth the preface of the Lord's Prayer teach us? A. The preface of the Lord's prayer, which is, "Our Father which art in heaven," teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us; and that we should pray with and for others. 소 100. 주기도문의머리말이우리에게교훈하는것은무엇인가? 답. 주기도문의머리말은곧 " 하늘에계신우리아버지 " 라는것인데, 이구절은언제라도우리를도와주실 능력이있는아버지에게나아가는자녀들처럼거룩한모든공경심과확신을가지고우리가하나님께 가까이나아갈것과, 다른사람들과함께기도하고다른사람들을위하여기도할것을교훈하시는것이다. SQ What do we pray for in the first petition? A. In the first petition, which is, "Hallowed be thy name," we pray that God would enable us, and others, to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known, and that he would dispose all things to his own glory. 소 101. 주기도문의첫째기원에서우리는무엇을구하는가? 답. 주기도문의첫째기원즉, " 이름을거룩하게하옵시며 " 란구절에서우리는하나님께서자기를 나타내시는모든일에우리와다른사람들로하여금능히자기를영화롭게하고, 모든것을하나님 자신의영광이되도록처리해주시기를구하는것이다. SQ What do we pray for in the second petition? A. In the second petition, which is, "Thy kingdom come," we pray that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed, and that the Kingdom of grace may be advanced, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it, and that the Kingdom of glory may be hastened. 소 102. 주기도문의둘째기원에서우리는무엇을구하는가? 답. 주기도문의둘째기원즉, " 나라이임하옵시며 " 란구절에서우리는사단의나라가멸망하고, 은혜의 나라가흥왕하며, 우리와다른사람들로하여금그리로들어가항상있게하시고, 또한영광의나라가 속히임하게하여주시기를구하는것이다. SQ What do we pray for in the third petition? A. In the third petition, which is, "Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven," we pray that God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things, as the
39 angels do in heaven. 소 103. 주기도문의셋째기원에서우리는무엇을구하는가? 답. 주기도문의셋째기원에서즉, " 뜻이하늘에서이루어진것같이땅에서도이루어지이다 " 란구절에서 우리는하나님께서은혜를베풀어우리로하여금능히기꺼운마음으로범사에있어서그의뜻을알아 순종하고복종하기를하늘에서천사들이그렇게하는것과같이하게하여주시기를구하는것이다. SQ What do we pray for in the fourth petition? A. In the fourth petition, which is, "Give us this day our daily bread," we pray that, of God's free gift, we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them. 소 104. 주기도문의넷째기원에서우리는무엇을구하는가? 답. 주기도문의넷째기원즉, " 오늘날우리에게일용할양식을주옵시고 " 라고한구절에서우리는 하나님의값없이주신은사로서이생의좋은것들중에서도충족한분깃을받고그모든것과아울러 그의축복을누리게해주실것을구하는것이다. SQ What do we pray for in the fifth petition? A. In the fifth petition, which is, "And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors," we pray that God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins; which we are the rather encouraged to ask because by his grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others. 소 105. 주기도문의다섯째기원에서우리는무엇을구하는가? 답. 주기도문의다섯째기원즉, " 우리가우리에게죄지은자를사하여준것같이우리죄를사하여주옵시고 " 라고한구절에서우리는하나님께서그리스도를보시고우리의모든죄를값없이용서해주실것을비는것인데, 그의은혜로서우리가진심으로다른사람들을능히용서하여줄수있었기때문에우리는더욱더이것을구할담력을가지게되는것이다. SQ What do we pray for in the sixth petition? A. In the sixth petition, which is, "And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil," we pray that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin or support and deliver us when we are tempted. 소 106. 주기도문의여섯째기원에서우리는무엇을구하는가?