<BFCFBCBABABB2D C1A637B1C7C1A635C8A3C5EBB1C73332C8A3202D20BAB9BBE7BABB2E687770>

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "<BFCFBCBABABB2D C1A637B1C7C1A635C8A3C5EBB1C73332C8A3202D20BAB9BBE7BABB2E687770>"

Transcription

1 ISSN : Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology, Volume 7, Number 5 Additive Manufacturing of Patient-specific Femur Via 3D Printer Using Computed Tomography Images Wang Kyun Oh, Ki Seon Lim, Tea Soo Lee Chungbuk National University CT 영상을이용한 3D 프린팅으로환자맞춤형대퇴골첨삭가공 오왕균, 임기선, 이태수 충북대학교 Abstract Femur is the largest bone in the human body which supports the weight of body. A long pipeline shape of femur has little cancellous bone, so that regeneration is difficult when fracture happens. The fracture caused by an accident most frequently occurs at diaphysis. IM Nailing is the surgical method that implants an IM Nail into a medullary cavity for the fixation of fracture parts. However, a secondary fracture may happen if an IM Nail does not penetrate at the center of femur. In this study, a patient-specific femur was manufactured by a 3D printer using the computed tomography images scanned before surgery, which was used for the simulation of IM Nailing. It is expected that this result may prevent the secondary damage, reduce surgical operation time, and increase the precision. Key Words : Femur fracture, CT image, 3d printer, IM nail, Patient-specific, Additive Manufacturing 요약대퇴골은사람의뼈중가장길며체중을지탱하는골격체로대퇴골간은긴파이프모양이면서안에해면골이거의없어서골절이발생되면재생이어렵다. 사고로인하여발생되는대퇴골의골절은골간부가가장높은빈도로발생한다. 골절의수술방법은골수강에 IM Nail을삽입하여골절부위를고정하는 IM Nailing이다. 수술시대퇴골의중심으로진입하지못하면 2차골절등의피해가발생하기도한다. 본연구에서는수술전대퇴골의 CT IMAGE을이용하여 3D 프린터로환자맞춤형대퇴골을제작하여골수강으로 IM Nailing 시뮬레이션을할수있도록하였다. 수술중발생할수있는 2차적손상을방지하고시간단축, 정밀한수술을할수있을것이다. 중심단어 : 대퇴골골절, 컴퓨터단층영상, 3D 프린터, IM Nail, 맞춤형제작, 첨삭가공 Ⅰ. 서론 대퇴골 (Femur) 이란사람의뼈중가장크고긴 뼈로대퇴골몸통은앞쪽으로약간볼록하게나와있으며체중을지탱하는가장큰골격체이다. 정상한국인들의경우에는대게 40 cm에서 50 cm정도길이의단단한골조직이다. 대퇴골의양측말단부에는단단 Corresponding Author: Tea Soo Lee Tel: Add. 52, Naesudong-ro, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, , South Korea Received : September 13, 2013 Revised :October 17, 2013 Accepted : October 25,

2 "Additive Manufacturing of Patient-specific Femur Via 3D Printer Using Computed Tomography Images" 한겉질뼈속으로성긴모양을가지는해면골도풍부히존재하지만가운데부분인몸통은긴파이프모양이면서안에해면골이거의없다. 따라서양측말단부에골절이생기면비교적수월하게뼈가다시붙을수있지만가운데몸통부위가골절되면상당수에서뼈가잘붙지않는다 [1]. 대퇴골간부골절은상당히강한외력이가해지기때문에분쇄골절이외에도주변연부조직의손상등이수반되는경우가많다. 대퇴골골절부위는중간부가가장높은빈도를보이는데다양한치료방법이개발되고있지만, 가장보편적이며, 좋은방법이라여겨지고있는것이골수강내금속정고정술이다. 협부골절시주된치료방법으로알려져있으며, 특히횡골절의경우가장이상적인방법으로알려져있다 [1]. 대퇴골간부골절중변형되어휘어진고령의골절환자와복합골절환자의대퇴골에 IM Nail(Intramedullary Nail) 을삽입하게되는데이때대퇴골의중심으로진입하지못하면 2차골절등의피해가발생하기도한다 [2]. 따라서수술전삼차원컴퓨터단층촬영영상으로환자대퇴부의휘어진정도나변형도, 골절상태확인후수술에사용할 IM Nail을선택하여수술계획을세운다. 그러나이방법은골수강내부의정확한중심부위를확인하기가어렵고외부에서보이는형태만을보고확인하는한계가있다. 본논문에서는방사선영상만을이용하여수술방법과도구를결정하지않고, 3D 프린터로수술환자대퇴부를실제크기로, 변형되고골절된상태를환자맞춤형형상으로제작하여수술전에직접손으로확인하고골수강내로금속정을정확한위치로삽입해볼수있도록대퇴골을제작, 수술시뮬레이션을통하여수술중발생할수있는오차를감소하여 2차골절의손상을방지하고, 수술시간을단축하여보다세밀하고정확한수술을할수있도록하고수술후합병증이나후유증등기타문제가발생할소지를줄일수있고수술계획을환자에게설명하는데큰도움이될수있도록하였다 [4][9][10]. Ⅱ. 재료및방법 1. CT 영상퇴행성질환으로무릎인공관절치환술을시행할환자의동의를구한후고관절에서무릎관절까지전체대퇴부를컴퓨터단층촬영하여 1mm 간격의영상을획득하였다 [Fig. 1]. 환자의 CT DICOM영상을 3D Workstation 삼차원영상재구성방법인 VR(Volume Rendering) 기법을이용하여관절부위를제거하고왼쪽과오른쪽대퇴골을각각분리하여삼차원입체영상으로변환하고, SSD(Shaded Surface Display) 기법으로영상을재구성하였다 [7][8] [Fig. 2]. Fig. 1. Femur CT Image Fig. 2. Femur MPR, VR Image 재구성된 SSD영상은 STL(STereoLithography) file로변환후 Export 하였다. 2. G-Code 파일변환제작에사용된 3D 프린터제원상의최대출력물크기는 mm 로길이가 40 cm 이상인 Femur 를한번에제작할수가없었다. STL파일을세부분으로분할하여모델을프린트하기위해 G-code 로변환해주는 Slicer Program 중에 Free Software CURA 12.12A[Fig. 3] 에서 3D 프린터에서모델출력을위해원료를쌓기위한경로와속도, 압출량, 제작물의밀도 360

3 ISSN : Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology, Volume 7, Number 5 등을계산하여하여 G-code를생성하여삼차원프린터에서출력하였다. Fig. 3. CURA G-code 3. 3D 프린터본연구의환자맞춤형대퇴골제작에사용한 3D 프린터는여러가지조형방식중에얇은층을쌓는재료가열경화성플라스틱을실처럼만든재료로, 플라스틱와이어 (Wire) 가노즐을통하여분출되어나오면서녹아한겹한겹쌓아올려형상을만드는 FDM방식을이용한와이어적층방식을이용하였다 [6]. 각각의부품을제작하여판매하는것을구입, 구조물을만들고구동모터와보드를조립하여제작하였다 [Fig. 4]. Fig. 5. 3D Printer 프린터를 PC에연결하여출력할때 PC에호스트프로그램인 Printrun[Fig. 6] 을설치하여프린터와직렬포트로연결하고수동으로노즐과히트베드의온도, X, Y, Z축의모터를제어하여프린터의구동을테스트할수있고 G-code를전송해서프린터가실제로출력을할수있도록하였다. 출력중에는총제작시간, 진행시간, 적층수와두께, 온도를확인할수있다. Fig. 4. 3D Printer component 재료의색상은뼈를잘표현하기위하여아이보리색상을사용하였고노즐의크기는 0.4mm, 적층밀도는 20%, 적층두께는 0.2mm 로설정하여출력되도록하였고프린터의노즐온도는재료의특성에맞는 230 도, 히트베드의온도는 100도로출력하였다. 히트베드의수평과영점을조절하였고베드와노즐의간격을조절하여배출되는재료가뒤틀림없이척층되도록하여구조물이출력되도록하였다 [3] (NP-MENDEL). Fig. 6. Printrun Program Ⅲ. 결과 1. 출력된대퇴골출력된대퇴골 3D Model이실제환자의원위대퇴부인무릎관절부위의퇴행성변화에의해변형된관절면이그대로표현되어출력되었고내측상과와외측상과, 슬개골면, 과간와, 근위부의소전자도대퇴부와 361

4 "Additive Manufacturing of Patient-specific Femur Via 3D Printer Using Computed Tomography Images" 같은크기와형태로만들어졌다. 중심부골수강의빈공간도실제와같은직경과형태를이루고있고대퇴골의두께도실제두께와같은크기인것을확인할수있었으며뼈의강도와같게하기위하여내부채움을 20% 로설정하여출력된것을확인할수있었다 [Fig. 7]. P=0.150 단위 cm 전체길이와대퇴골두, 대퇴경, 양측과간와, 내경의지름과외경의지름을측정하여대응표본 T-test를통하여통계적으로유의한차이를분석하였다 (Table 1). 제작된 3D Model과 CT Image가유의한차이가없었고같은크기로제작되었음을확인하였다. 전체출력된대퇴골은근위부의대퇴골두, 대퇴경, 대전자, 소전자, 전자간선과대퇴골간원위부무릎관절부위를포함하여실제길이와형태가일치하였다. 대퇴경부가대퇴골두와대퇴골간과이루는각도도정확하게표현되었다 [Fig. 9]. Fig. 7. 3D Printing Femur bone marrow cavity 정확도를측정하기위하여 DICOM Viewer에서 CT Image의길이와두께를측정하였고 Vernier calipers를사용하여 3D Model을측정하였다 [5] [Fig. 8]. Fig. 9. 3D Printing Femur Fig. 8. Direct Measurements Table 1. Accuracy Femur CT Model 3D Model % Difference length Middle Internal External Head Neck condyle IM Nailing 시뮬레이션대퇴골골절의치료방법인골수강내금속정고정술은대퇴골의골수강안으로 IM nail(intra medulla nail) 을삽입하게되는데이때대퇴골의중심으로진입하지못하면 2차골절등의피해가발생할수있어환자의대퇴골과같은골수강의크기와강도가같는환자맞춤형모형을가지고수술전미리골수강에 IM Nail 을삽입해보는시뮬레이션을하였다 [Fig. 10, 11]. 실제청주의 C 대학병원의정형외과수술실에서제작한모형을이용하여시뮬레이션을하여유용성검증을실시하였다. 362

5 ISSN : Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology, Volume 7, Number 5 을사용한다면병원에서도정형외과환자의수술전 3D Model을영상의학과에서제작하여제공할수있을것이다. 검사영상으로환자의뼈상태를진단하는방법이외의새로운진단방법이될것이다. 물론이방법이수술의성공과실패를좌우하는직접적인영향을줄수는없어도 CT 영상과같이활용하면정확한수술을할수있을것이다. 환자의대퇴골과똑같이변형되어휘어진정도, 골절된상태를 3D 프린터를이용하여환자맞춤형대퇴골을제작하여 IM Nailing 시뮬레이션을실시하였다. Fig. 10. IM Nailing Simulation Fig. 11. IM Nailing Simulation X-ray Image 연구결과수술전에직접손으로확인하고골수강내로금속정을정확한위치로삽입해볼수있도록대퇴골을제작, 수술시뮬레이션을통하여수술중발생할수있는오차를감소하여 2차골절의손상을방지하고, 수술시간을단축하여보다세밀하고정확한수술을할수있고수술후합병증이나후유증등기타문제가발생할소지를줄일수있고수술계획을환자에게설명하는데큰도움이될수있을것이라고정형외과수술의에게유용성검증을받았다. 향후대퇴골골절이외의인체다른부위의수술을필요로하는골절에도골절환자의손상된뼈를출력하여수술시절개부위와정도를결정하고수술방법과사용할도구를미리선택하여수술계획을세우는데도움이될수있도록연구를해야할것이며나아가서는인체의조직과장기도줄기세포와배양액을섞은바이오잉크를이용하여 3D 프린터로매우얇고작은세포를적층하여만든구조물로인공장기를생성할수있도록바이오 3D 프린터의연구도필요할것이다. Ⅳ. 결론본논문에서는고가의 3D Printer장비와전문인력을통하여주문제작되는인체 3D Model을 CT Image 를이용하여영상의학과에서 FDM제작방식을통하여저렴한비용으로제작할수있는방법에대하여연구하여환자맞춤형대퇴골을제작하였다. 현재제작크기가 40 cm 정도를제작할수있는장치는많지않다. 파일을분할출력하여접합하는방식 감사의글 이연구는 2012년한국연구재단의프로젝트 (No ) 를지원받아수행하였음. 참고문헌 [1] C. H. Chun, S. S. Kim, D. C. Kim, H. J. Yoo, The Treatment of Nonunion of Femoral Fractures with an Interlocking Nailing," Journal of the Korean Fracture Society, Vo1.8, No.3, pp , July,

6 "Additive Manufacturing of Patient-specific Femur Via 3D Printer Using Computed Tomography Images" [2] S. T. Jung, T. R.Yoon, J. K. Seon, Treatment of the Femoral Shaft Fractures with Interlocking Compression Nail," Journal of the Korean Fracture Society, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp , April, [3] [4] John Robert Honiballfdg The Application of 3D Printing in reconstructive surgery," Dissertation presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree MscIng in Industrial Engineering at the University of Stellenbosch, March [5] Gihyeon Kim, Ho-Joong Jung, Han-Jun Lee, Jae-Sung Lee, Seungbum Koo, Seung-Hwan Chang Accuracy and Reliability of Length Measurements on Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Using Open-Source OsiriX Software Journal of Digital Imaging Volume 25, Number , [6] Carlos Henrique Pereira Mello, Rafael Calandrin Martins, Bruno Rosa Parra, Edson de Oliveira Pamplona, Eduardo Gomes Salgado, Rodrigo Tavares Seguso Systematic proposal to calculate price of prototypes manufactured through rapid prototyping an FDM 3D printer in a university lab Rapid Prototyping Journal Volume 16, Issue 6 pp , [7] Mark Frame and James S. Huntley Rapid Prototyping in Orthopaedic Surgery: A User 's Guide The ScientificWorld Journal Volume 2012, Article ID , 7 pages doi: /2012/838575, [8] R. Petzold, H. F. Zeilhofer, and W. A. Kalender, "Rapid prototyping technology in medicine basics and applications, " ComputerizedMedical Imaging and Graphics, vol. 23, no. 5, pp , [9] C. Hurson, A. Tansey, B. O 'Donnchadha, P. Nicholson, J. Rice, and J. McElwain, "Rapid prototyping in the assessment, classification and preoperative planning of acetabular fractures, " Injury, vol. 38, no. 10, pp , [10] S. D. Gittard, R. J. Narayan, J. Lusk et al., "Rapid prototyping of scaphoid and lunate bones, " Biotechnology Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp , [11] J. Guarino, S. Tennyson, G. McCain, L. Bond, K. Shea, and H. King, "Rapid prototyping technology for surgeries of the pediatric spine and pelvis: benefits analysis, " Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, vol. 27, no. 8, pp , [12] V. Mironov, V. Kasyanov, C. Drake, and R. R. Markwald, "Organ printing: promises and challenges, " Regenerative Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp ,

37=( )오왕균.hwp

37=( )오왕균.hwp http://dx.doi.org/10.5392/jkca.2014.14.11.370 FDM 방식의 3D 프린터를이용한골반골절환자의맞춤형모델제작 Customized Model Manufacturing for Patients with Pelvic Fracture using FDM 3D Printer 오왕균충청북도청주의료원영상의학과 Wang-Kyun Oh(ojwoo1@naver.com)

More information

45-51 ¹Ú¼ø¸¸

45-51 ¹Ú¼ø¸¸ A Study on the Automation of Classification of Volume Reconstruction for CT Images S.M. Park 1, I.S. Hong 2, D.S. Kim 1, D.Y. Kim 1 1 Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, 2 Dept. of Radiology,

More information

63-69±è´ë¿µ

63-69±è´ë¿µ Study on the Shadow Effect of 3D Visualization for Medical Images ased on the Texture Mapping D.Y. Kim, D.S. Kim, D.K. Shin, D.Y. Kim 1 Dept. of iomedical Engineering, Yonsei University = bstract = The

More information

04_이근원_21~27.hwp

04_이근원_21~27.hwp 1) KIGAS Vol. 16, No. 5, pp 21~27, 2012 (Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas) http://dx.doi.org/10.7842/kigas.2012.16.5.21 실험실의 사례 분석에 관한 연구 이근원 이정석 한국산업안전보건공단 산업안전보건연구원 (2012년 9월 5일 투고, 2012년 10월 19일

More information

Lumbar spine

Lumbar spine Lumbar spine CT 32 111 DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2010.13.2.111 Lumbar Spine CT 32 Received : 10. 05. 23 Revised : 10. 06. 04 Accepted : 10. 06. 11 Key Words: Disc herniation, CT scan, Clinical analysis The Clinical

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Dec.; 27(12),

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Dec.; 27(12), THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2016 Dec.; 27(12), 1036 1043. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2016.27.12.1036 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print) ISSN 2288-226X (Online)

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. vol. 29, no. 10, Oct ,,. 0.5 %.., cm mm FR4 (ε r =4.4)

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. vol. 29, no. 10, Oct ,,. 0.5 %.., cm mm FR4 (ε r =4.4) THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2018 Oct.; 29(10), 799 804. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2018.29.10.799 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print) ISSN 2288-226X (Online) Method

More information

09권오설_ok.hwp

09권오설_ok.hwp (JBE Vol. 19, No. 5, September 2014) (Regular Paper) 19 5, 2014 9 (JBE Vol. 19, No. 5, September 2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.5909/jbe.2014.19.5.656 ISSN 2287-9137 (Online) ISSN 1226-7953 (Print) a) Reduction

More information

스포츠과학 143호 내지.indd

스포츠과학 143호 내지.indd https simtk.org,, sanghyuk0620@kspo.or.kr.... 48 SPORT SCIENCE . 33 55% 1 2 Iwamoto and Takeda 2003 3 1 3.......?... 4 SPORT SCIENCE 1. 2 3 12 16 3 6.. 5 strain gauge. 1970. 6 1) Brukner, P., Bradshaw,

More information

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA The e-business Studies Volume 17, Number 4, August, 30, 2016:319~332 Received: 2016/07/28, Accepted: 2016/08/28 Revised: 2016/08/27, Published: 2016/08/30 [ABSTRACT] This paper examined what determina

More information

untitled

untitled 대한골절학회지제23권, 제2호, 2010년 4월 Journal of the Korean Fracture Society Vol. 23, No. 2, April, 2010 증례보고 대퇴골간부골절의금속정삽입도중발생한대퇴골근위부의방출형골절 - 증례보고 - 김지완 * ㆍ변성은ㆍ오원혁 ㆍ김정재 울산대학교의과대학서울아산병원정형외과학교실, 인제대학교의과대학해운대백병원정형외과학교실

More information

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp DOI: * The

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp DOI:   * The Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp.243-268 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21024/pnuedi.27.1.201703.243 * - 2001 2015 - The Research Trends on Peer Counseling in Elementary and

More information

µðÇÃÇ¥Áö±¤°í´Ü¸é

µðÇÃÇ¥Áö±¤°í´Ü¸é Review 2 2013 JAN.FEB. vol. 23 Display Focus 3 Review 4 2013 JAN.FEB. vol. 23 Display Focus 5 Review 6 2013 JAN.FEB. vol. 23 Display Focus 7 Review 8 2013 JAN.FEB. vol. 23 Display Focus 9 Preview 2013.1

More information

(JBE Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2016) (Regular Paper) 21 1, (JBE Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2016) ISSN 228

(JBE Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2016) (Regular Paper) 21 1, (JBE Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2016)   ISSN 228 (JBE Vol. 1, No. 1, January 016) (Regular Paper) 1 1, 016 1 (JBE Vol. 1, No. 1, January 016) http://dx.doi.org/10.5909/jbe.016.1.1.60 ISSN 87-9137 (Online) ISSN 16-7953 (Print) a), a) An Efficient Method

More information

인문사회과학기술융합학회

인문사회과학기술융합학회 Vol.5, No.5, October (2015), pp.471-479 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ajmahs.2015.10.50 스마트온실을 위한 가상 외부기상측정시스템 개발 한새론 1), 이재수 2), 홍영기 3), 김국환 4), 김성기 5), 김상철 6) Development of Virtual Ambient Weather Measurement

More information

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA 27(2), 2007, 96-121 S ij k i POP j a i SEXR j i AGER j i BEDDAT j ij i j S ij S ij POP j SEXR j AGER j BEDDAT j k i a i i i L ij = S ij - S ij ---------- S ij S ij = k i POP j a i SEXR j i AGER j i BEDDAT

More information

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA The e-business Studies Volume 17, Number 6, December, 30, 2016:237~251 Received: 2016/11/20, Accepted: 2016/12/24 Revised: 2016/12/21, Published: 2016/12/30 [ABSTRACT] Recently, there is an increasing

More information

(

( 317 318 319 320 1 3 5 5 5 5 2 321 : 1.,,,,, 06 2. X-ray beam penetration (density) (contrast) 03 3. patch coating, precipitation, flaking 03 4. centering 03 5. Esophagus, cardia, fundus, body, angle, antrum,

More information

example code are examined in this stage The low pressure pressurizer reactor trip module of the Plant Protection System was programmed as subject for

example code are examined in this stage The low pressure pressurizer reactor trip module of the Plant Protection System was programmed as subject for 2003 Development of the Software Generation Method using Model Driven Software Engineering Tool,,,,, Hoon-Seon Chang, Jae-Cheon Jung, Jae-Hack Kim Hee-Hwan Han, Do-Yeon Kim, Young-Woo Chang Wang Sik, Moon

More information

<31372DB9DABAB4C8A32E687770>

<31372DB9DABAB4C8A32E687770> 김경환 박병호 충북대학교 도시공학과 (2010. 5. 27. 접수 / 2011. 11. 23. 채택) Developing the Traffic Severity by Type Kyung-Hwan Kim Byung Ho Park Department of Urban Engineering, Chungbuk National University (Received May

More information

07.... 01V28.

07.... 01V28. National Election Commission 9 September S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23/30 24 25 26 27 28 29 11 November S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

More information

139~144 ¿À°ø¾àħ

139~144 ¿À°ø¾àħ 2 139 DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2010.13.2.139 2 Received : 10. 04. 08 Revised : 10. 04. 26 Two Case Report on Wrist Ganglion Treated with Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture Accepted : 10. 05. 04 Key Words: Wrist Ganglion,

More information

10(3)-09.fm

10(3)-09.fm w y wz 10«3y 253~258 (2010.12.) Journal of Korean Society of Urban Environment ³ w Á» Á Á y w y œw (2010 11 22, 2010 12 9 k) Study on Determine of Detention Pond in Small Developed Area In-Soo Chang ½

More information

<31325FB1E8B0E6BCBA2E687770>

<31325FB1E8B0E6BCBA2E687770> 88 / 한국전산유체공학회지 제15권, 제1호, pp.88-94, 2010. 3 관내 유동 해석을 위한 웹기반 자바 프로그램 개발 김 경 성, 1 박 종 천 *2 DEVELOPMENT OF WEB-BASED JAVA PROGRAM FOR NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF PIPE FLOW K.S. Kim 1 and J.C. Park *2 In general,

More information

서론 34 2

서론 34 2 34 2 Journal of the Korean Society of Health Information and Health Statistics Volume 34, Number 2, 2009, pp. 165 176 165 진은희 A Study on Health related Action Rates of Dietary Guidelines and Pattern of

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Nov.; 26(11),

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Nov.; 26(11), THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2015 Nov.; 26(11), 985991. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2015.26.11.985 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print)ISSN 2288-226X (Online) Analysis

More information

1997 4 23 2000 9 5 2003 9 10 2008 2 20 2008 12 10 2011 7 1 2012 8 17 2014 9 19 2015 3 31 2015 6 30 2016 9 30 2017 6 30 2019 3 31 326 327 328 < >

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. vol. 29, no. 6, Jun Rate). STAP(Space-Time Adaptive Processing)., -

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. vol. 29, no. 6, Jun Rate). STAP(Space-Time Adaptive Processing)., - THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2018 Jun.; 29(6), 457463. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2018.29.6.457 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print)ISSN 2288-226X (Online) Sigma-Delta

More information

디지털포렌식학회 논문양식

디지털포렌식학회 논문양식 ISSN : 1976-5304 http://www.kdfs.or.kr Virtual Online Game(VOG) 환경에서의 디지털 증거수집 방법 연구 이 흥 복, 정 관 모, 김 선 영 * 대전지방경찰청 Evidence Collection Process According to the Way VOG Configuration Heung-Bok Lee, Kwan-Mo

More information

12È«±â¼±¿Ü339~370

12È«±â¼±¿Ü339~370 http://www.kbc.go.kr/ k Si 2 i= 1 Abstract A Study on Establishment of Fair Trade Order in Terrestrial Broadcasting Ki - Sun Hong (Professor, Dept. of Journalism & Mass Communication,

More information

2. 원인 뼈에 가해진 외력을 견디지 못할 때 뼈는 부러지게 됩니다. 이러한 외력으로는 낙상, 자동차 사고, 추락 등이 있으며, 외 력의 양상에 따라 골절의 형태가 달라지게 됩니다. 3. 증상 뼈가 부러지면 극심한 통증이 동반되는데 주요 증상은 다음 과 같습니다. 1)

2. 원인 뼈에 가해진 외력을 견디지 못할 때 뼈는 부러지게 됩니다. 이러한 외력으로는 낙상, 자동차 사고, 추락 등이 있으며, 외 력의 양상에 따라 골절의 형태가 달라지게 됩니다. 3. 증상 뼈가 부러지면 극심한 통증이 동반되는데 주요 증상은 다음 과 같습니다. 1) 종합 병원 서 울 성 심 병 원 본 자료는 대한정형외과학회 학회지에 기재된 자료를 환자분들이 편하게 이용하실 수 있도록 재구성한 것입니다. 골 절 1. 개요 우리 몸에는 크고 작은 뼈가 200 여 개 있는데, 근육과 힘줄 로 서로 단단히 연결되어 뼈대를 이루고 있습니다. 뼈는 몸 속의 중요한 장기들을 보호하고, 혈액을 생성하며, 이동을 가 능하게 하는 중요한

More information

012임수진

012임수진 Received : 2012. 11. 27 Reviewed : 2012. 12. 10 Accepted : 2012. 12. 12 A Clinical Study on Effect of Electro-acupuncture Treatment for Low Back Pain and Radicular Pain in Patients Diagnosed with Lumbar

More information

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA 박건수 *, 서태영 **, 김종욱 *** ". 요약 Abstract The induction melting furnace using electric generator has been introduced since 1920s, and it began to be widely applied to industrial applications due to increasing

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Mar.; 28(3),

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Mar.; 28(3), THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2017 Mar.; 28(3), 163 169. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2017.28.3.163 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print) ISSN 2288-226X (Online) PCB

More information

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp DOI: : Researc

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp DOI:   : Researc Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp.251-273 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21024/pnuedi.27.2.201706.251 : 1997 2005 Research Trend Analysis on the Korean Alternative Education

More information

06_ÀÌÀçÈÆ¿Ü0926

06_ÀÌÀçÈÆ¿Ü0926 182 183 184 / 1) IT 2) 3) IT Video Cassette Recorder VCR Personal Video Recorder PVR VCR 4) 185 5) 6) 7) Cloud Computing 8) 186 VCR P P Torrent 9) avi wmv 10) VCR 187 VCR 11) 12) VCR 13) 14) 188 VTR %

More information

때 AM 기술이 의료 분야에서 상당한 시장 침투를 이룬 것은 자연스러워 보인다. 여기에서는 의료장비 분야에서 AM 기술이 어떤 방식으로 영향을 미칠 수 있는지를 좀 더 자세히 살펴보고자 한다. 4가지 경로별 AM 활용 앞의 이제는 최종사용제품의 생산도 3D 프린팅으로

때 AM 기술이 의료 분야에서 상당한 시장 침투를 이룬 것은 자연스러워 보인다. 여기에서는 의료장비 분야에서 AM 기술이 어떤 방식으로 영향을 미칠 수 있는지를 좀 더 자세히 살펴보고자 한다. 4가지 경로별 AM 활용 앞의 이제는 최종사용제품의 생산도 3D 프린팅으로 3D Printing, 더 나은 미래를 열다 Cdupress.com 3D 프린팅과 의료 기술의 결합 Additive manufacturing comes to life AM과 의료장비: 천생연분 소형이면서도 고가이고, 고도의 맞춤화가 필요한 의료장비의 특성은 AM 기술을 적용하는 데 매우 적합하다. 의학기술산업은 3D 프린팅 으로도 알려진 적층제조(Additive

More information

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA

DBPIA-NURIMEDIA 한국소음진동공학회 2015추계학술대회논문집년 Study of Noise Pattern and Psycho-acoustics Characteristic of Household Refrigerator * * ** ** Kyung-Soo Kong, Dae-Sik Shin, Weui-Bong Jeong, Tae-Hoon Kim and Se-Jin Ahn Key Words

More information

Æ÷Àå82š

Æ÷Àå82š Yun, Ilsoo (E-mail : ilsooyun@ajou.ac.kr) Oh, Cheol (E-mail : cheolo@hanyang.ac.k) Ahn, Hyunkyung (E-mail : anhyunkyung@ajou.ac.kr) Kim, Kyunghyun (E-mail : kk6661@ajou.ac.kr) Han, Eum (E-mail : hano3106@ajou.ac.kr)

More information

???춍??숏

???춍??숏 Suseong gu Council Daegu Metropolitan City www.suseongcouncil.daegu.kr Contents SUSEONG GU COUNCIL DAEGU METROPOLITAN CITY 10 www.suseongcouncil.daegu.kr 11 SUSEONG GU COUNCIL DAEGU METROPOLITAN CITY

More information

485 pissn : , eissn : Case Report J Korean Orthop Assoc 2014; 49:

485 pissn : , eissn : Case Report J Korean Orthop Assoc 2014; 49: 485 pissn : 1226-2102, eissn : 2005-8918 Case Report J Korean Orthop Assoc 2014; 49: 485-489 http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/jkoa.2014.49.6.485 www.jkoa.org 오현철 박성진 * 윤한국 국민건강보험일산병원정형외과, * 연세대학교의과대학정형외과학교실 Surgical

More information

<352EC7E3C5C2BFB55FB1B3C5EBB5A5C0CCC5CD5FC0DABFACB0FAC7D0B4EBC7D02E687770>

<352EC7E3C5C2BFB55FB1B3C5EBB5A5C0CCC5CD5FC0DABFACB0FAC7D0B4EBC7D02E687770> 자연과학연구 제27권 Bulletin of the Natural Sciences Vol. 27. 2013.12.(33-44) 교통DB를 이용한 교통정책 발굴을 위한 통계분석 시스템 설계 및 활용 Statistical analytic system design and utilization for transport policy excavation by transport

More information

241 Figure 1. A 17-year-old male had a traffic accident. (A) Preoperative radiograph showing the shaft of the femur fracture. (B) Postoperative radiog

241 Figure 1. A 17-year-old male had a traffic accident. (A) Preoperative radiograph showing the shaft of the femur fracture. (B) Postoperative radiog 240 pissn : 1226-2102, eissn : 2005-8918 Case Report J Korean Orthop Assoc 2013; 48: 240-245 http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/jkoa.2013.48.3.240 www.jkoa.org 오현철 서재완 * 곽대경 * 윤한국 국민건강보험일산병원정형외과, * 연세대학교의과대학정형외과학교실

More information

( )Jksc057.hwp

( )Jksc057.hwp 직장암환자의전직장간막절제술의 예측인자분석 : 불완전절제와절제시간에영향을미치는인자에관한연구 Analysis of Factors Affecting the Degree of Difficulty in Total Mesorectal Excision for Rectal Cancer: Investigation of the Factors Affecting Incomplete

More information

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2016, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp DOI: Awareness, Supports

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2016, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp DOI:   Awareness, Supports Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2016, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp.335-363 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21024/pnuedi.26.3.201612.335 Awareness, Supports in Need, and Actual Situation on the Curriculum Reconstruction

More information

Kor. J. Aesthet. Cosmetol., 및 자아존중감과 스트레스와도 밀접한 관계가 있고, 만족 정도 에 따라 전반적인 생활에도 영향을 미치므로 신체는 갈수록 개 인적, 사회적 차원에서 중요해지고 있다(안희진, 2010). 따라서 외모만족도는 개인의 신체는 타

Kor. J. Aesthet. Cosmetol., 및 자아존중감과 스트레스와도 밀접한 관계가 있고, 만족 정도 에 따라 전반적인 생활에도 영향을 미치므로 신체는 갈수록 개 인적, 사회적 차원에서 중요해지고 있다(안희진, 2010). 따라서 외모만족도는 개인의 신체는 타 RESEARCH ARTICLE Kor. J. Aesthet. Cosmetol., 20-40대 여성의 외모만족도가 미용관리태도에 미치는 영향 홍수남 1, 김효숙 2 * 1 건국대학교 뷰티사이언스디자인학과, 2 건국대학교 의상디자인과 Effects of Extrinsic Body Satisfaction on Beauty Management Behavior of

More information

Microsoft Word - 1-차우창.doc

Microsoft Word - 1-차우창.doc Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea Vol. 28, No. 2 pp.1-8, May 2009 1 하이브리드 환경하의 인간기계시스템 제어실 평가에 관한 연구 차 우 창 김 남 철 금오공과대학교 산업시스템공학과 A Study of the Evaluation for the Control Room in Human Machine

More information

Abstract Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Related Factors for Nurses and Radiological Technologists Wearing a Lead Apron for Radiation Pro t e c t i o n Jung-Im Yoo, Jung-Wan Koo 1 ) Angio Unit, Team of Radiology,

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Feb.; 29(2), IS

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Feb.; 29(2), IS THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2018 Feb.; 29(2), 93 98. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2018.29.2.93 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print) ISSN 2288-226X (Online) UHF-HF

More information

07.045~051(D04_신상욱).fm

07.045~051(D04_신상욱).fm J. of Advanced Engineering and Technology Vol. 1, No. 1 (2008) pp. 45-51 f m s p» w Á xá zá Ÿ Á w m œw Image Retrieval Based on Gray Scale Histogram Refinement and Horizontal Edge Features Sang-Uk Shin,

More information

11-12 김동수(국)

11-12 김동수(국) CASE REPORT Hip Pelvis 24(3): 250-255, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.5371/hp.2012.24.3.250 Traumatic Recurrent Dislocation of the Hip with Bankart Type Lesion - A Case Report - Dong-Soo Kim, MD, Hyun-Chul

More information

( )Jkoa083.hwp

( )Jkoa083.hwp J Korean Orthop ssoc 2006; 41: 454-460 대퇴사두근 - 보존형 (Quadriceps-Sparing) 최소침습슬관절전치환술의방사선학적평가 유주형 한대용 한창동 * 오현철 고일현 Radiological Evaluation of Quadriceps-Sparing Minimally Invasive Total Knee rthroplasty

More information

05-03 김성수(국)

05-03 김성수(국) ORIGINAL ARTICLE http://dx.doi.org/10.5371/hp.2012.24.2.102 Comparison of Femoral Morphology and Bone Mineral Density between Femoral Neck Fractures and Trochanteric Fractures in 65+ Females Sung Soo Kim,

More information

À±½Â¿í Ãâ·Â

À±½Â¿í Ãâ·Â Representation, Encoding and Intermediate View Interpolation Methods for Multi-view Video Using Layered Depth Images The multi-view video is a collection of multiple videos, capturing the same scene at

More information

03-ÀÌÁ¦Çö

03-ÀÌÁ¦Çö 25 3 (2004 9 ) J Korean Oriental Med 2004;25(3):20-31 1), 2), 3) 1) 2) 3) Grope for a Summary Program about Intellectual Property Protection of Traditional Knowledge (TK)etc. Discussed in WIPO Hwan-Soo

More information

2013........10

2013........10 06 07 04 13 14 18 22 26 28 32 36 40 44 72 86 87 88 48 80 82 90 GongGam Human Rights Law Foundation 02+03 인사글 하늘은 욕망 없는 생명을 만들지 아니하고 대지는 이름 없는 풀을 키우지 아니한다. (天不 세월과 권력과 부침에 흔들리지 않고 한국 사회에 뿌리 깊이 내린 한 그루 나무가

More information

12.077~081(A12_이종국).fm

12.077~081(A12_이종국).fm J. of Advanced Engineering and Technology Vol. 1, No. 1 (2008) pp. 77-81 y w» e wx Á w œw Fabrication of Ceramic Batch Composition for Porcelain by Using Recycled Waste Ceramic Powder Hyun Guen Han, and

More information

08김현휘_ok.hwp

08김현휘_ok.hwp (Regular Paper) 21 3, 2016 5 (JBE Vol. 21, No. 3, May 2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.5909/jbe.2016.21.3.369 ISSN 2287-9137 (Online) ISSN 1226-7953 (Print) a), a) An Audio Coding Technique Employing the Inter-channel

More information

<31362DB1E8C7FDBFF82DC0FABFB9BBEA20B5B6B8B3BFB5C8ADC0C720B1B8C0FC20B8B6C4C9C6C32E687770>

<31362DB1E8C7FDBFF82DC0FABFB9BBEA20B5B6B8B3BFB5C8ADC0C720B1B8C0FC20B8B6C4C9C6C32E687770> Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society Vol. 13, No. 4 pp. 1525-1531, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/kais.2012.13.4.1525 저예산 독립영화의 구전 마케팅을 위한 스마트폰 모바일 애플리케이션 모델 개발 연구 김혜원 1* 1 청운대학교

More information

12이문규

12이문규 Review on Conservative Treatment of Spinal Scoliosis Moon-kyu Lee, O.M.D., Gil-jae Lee, O.M.D., Yun-kyung Song, O.M.D., Hyung-ho Lim, O.M.D. Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine College of Oriental

More information

???? 1

???? 1 The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics (2014) 27(1), 13 20 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5351/kjas.2014.27.1.013 Maximum Tolerated Dose Estimation by Stopping Rule and SM3 Design in a Phase I Clinical Trial

More information

[ReadyToCameral]RUF¹öÆÛ(CSTA02-29).hwp

[ReadyToCameral]RUF¹öÆÛ(CSTA02-29).hwp RUF * (A Simple and Efficient Antialiasing Method with the RUF buffer) (, Byung-Uck Kim) (Yonsei Univ. Depth of Computer Science) (, Woo-Chan Park) (Yonsei Univ. Depth of Computer Science) (, Sung-Bong

More information

세라뉴스-2011내지도큐

세라뉴스-2011내지도큐 2 2 8 17 18 22 23 24 Heinrich Wecker 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 예정된 이벤트 증례2 : 세라믹-폴리에틸렌 고관절 치환술후 발생한 비구-대퇴 해리로 세라믹-세라믹 관절면을 사용하여 재수술 진단 : 고관절 통증으로 내원한 65세 여자환자, 20년전 세라믹-폴리에틸

More information

50 김동휘 이상홍 하상호외 1 인 따라구체적이고정확한골절의정보를제공해줄수있는 AO/ ASIF 골절분류법에따라분류하였다. 수술은한술자에의해시행되었고, 관찰자간의진단적오차를줄이기위해서두명의전문의에의해서평가하였다. 각군간의골밀도의변화에대해서는 Dual energy X-ra

50 김동휘 이상홍 하상호외 1 인 따라구체적이고정확한골절의정보를제공해줄수있는 AO/ ASIF 골절분류법에따라분류하였다. 수술은한술자에의해시행되었고, 관찰자간의진단적오차를줄이기위해서두명의전문의에의해서평가하였다. 각군간의골밀도의변화에대해서는 Dual energy X-ra Original Article J Korean Orthop Assoc 2011; 46: 49-53 doi:10.4055/jkoa.2011.46.1.49 www.jkoa.org Changes in Patient Pattern and Operation Methods for Intertrochanteric Fractures 김동휘 이상홍 하상호 유재원조선대학교의과대학정형외과학교실

More information

14.531~539(08-037).fm

14.531~539(08-037).fm G Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 531~539, August, 2008 š x y w m š gj p { sƒ z 1) * 1) w w Evaluation of Flexural Strength for Normal and High Strength Concrete with Hooked

More information

<C7D1B1B9B1B3C0B0B0B3B9DFBFF85FC7D1B1B9B1B3C0B05F3430B1C733C8A35FC5EBC7D5BABB28C3D6C1BE292DC7A5C1F6C6F7C7D42E687770>

<C7D1B1B9B1B3C0B0B0B3B9DFBFF85FC7D1B1B9B1B3C0B05F3430B1C733C8A35FC5EBC7D5BABB28C3D6C1BE292DC7A5C1F6C6F7C7D42E687770> 기혼 여성이 사이버대학에서 상담을 전공하면서 겪는 경험 방기연 (고려사이버대학교 상담심리학과 부교수) * 요 약 본 연구는 기혼 여성의 사이버대학 상담전공 학과 입학에서 졸업까지의 경험을 이해하는 것을 목적으로 한 다. 이를 위해 연구참여자 10명을 대상으로 심층면접을 하고, 합의적 질적 분석 방법으로 분석하였다. 입학 전 에 연구참여자들은 고등교육의 기회를

More information

<353420B1C7B9CCB6F52DC1F5B0ADC7F6BDC7C0BB20C0CCBFEBC7D120BEC6B5BFB1B3C0B0C7C1B7CEB1D7B7A52E687770>

<353420B1C7B9CCB6F52DC1F5B0ADC7F6BDC7C0BB20C0CCBFEBC7D120BEC6B5BFB1B3C0B0C7C1B7CEB1D7B7A52E687770> Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society Vol. 13, No. 2 pp. 866-871, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/kais.2012.13.2.866 증강현실을 이용한 아동교육프로그램 모델제안 권미란 1*, 김정일 2 1 나사렛대학교 아동학과, 2 한세대학교 e-비즈니스학과

More information

04김호걸(39~50)ok

04김호걸(39~50)ok Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, Vol. 22, No. 1(2013) pp.39~50 Prediction of Landslides Occurrence Probability under Climate Change using MaxEnt Model Kim, Hogul* Lee, Dong-Kun** Mo, Yongwon*

More information

<4D F736F F F696E74202D20B1E8B0E6B9CE5F FBAD0B4E7BCADBFEFB4EBBAB4BFF8B3BBB0FABFACBCF6B0ADC1C25FBFC3B9D9B8A5B0F1B9D0B5B5C0C720C6C7B5B6205BC0D0B1E220C0FCBFEB5D>

<4D F736F F F696E74202D20B1E8B0E6B9CE5F FBAD0B4E7BCADBFEFB4EBBAB4BFF8B3BBB0FABFACBCF6B0ADC1C25FBFC3B9D9B8A5B0F1B9D0B5B5C0C720C6C7B5B6205BC0D0B1E220C0FCBFEB5D> 골밀도검사의올바른판독 분당서울대학교병원내분비내과김경민 Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is defined as a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength predisposing a person to an increased risk of fracture. Normal bone

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Jul.; 27(7),

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Jul.; 27(7), THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2016 Jul.; 27(7), 625634. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2016.27.7.625 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print)ISSN 2288-226X (Online) Near-Field

More information

웹진을 위한 경험 디자인 적용방안 연구

웹진을 위한 경험 디자인 적용방안 연구 8) 의 팔찌장신구는 단위면적간의 간격을 일정하게 만들고, 이를 원형으로 배열하여 디자인하였다. 팔찌의 내 경을 60mm로 최소화하여 어린이나 손이 작은 성인여성을 대상으로 착용이 가능하도록 하였다. 장신구구조물의 내부 형태에 예각으로 조각부분을 주어 3D 프린터로 출력하였 다. 의 조형물은 내부공간을 최대한 비우고, ABS 소재의 가벼운

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Jul.; 27(7),

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Jul.; 27(7), THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 16 Jul.; 27(7), 64662. http://dx.doi.org/./kjkiees.16.27.7.646 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print)ISSN 2288-226 (Online) 2D Microwave Image

More information

종골 부정 유합에 동반된 거주상 관절 아탈구의 치료 (1예 보고) 정복이 안된 상태로 치료 시에는 추후 지속적인 족부 동통의 원인이 되며, 이런 동통으로 인해 종골에 대해 구제술이나 2차적 재건술이 필요할 수도 있다. 2) 경종골 거주상 관절 탈구는 외국 문헌에 증례

종골 부정 유합에 동반된 거주상 관절 아탈구의 치료 (1예 보고) 정복이 안된 상태로 치료 시에는 추후 지속적인 족부 동통의 원인이 되며, 이런 동통으로 인해 종골에 대해 구제술이나 2차적 재건술이 필요할 수도 있다. 2) 경종골 거주상 관절 탈구는 외국 문헌에 증례 CSE REPORT 대한족부족관절학회지 제16권 제4호 2012 J Korean Foot nkle Soc. Vol. 16. No. 4. pp.270-275, 2012 종골 부정 유합에 동반된 거주상 관절 아탈구의 치료 (1예 보고) 인제대학교 의과대학 일산백병원 정형외과 차성무 장보훈 서진수 Treatment of Talonavicular Subluxation

More information

<35335FBCDBC7D1C1A42DB8E2B8AEBDBAC5CDC0C720C0FCB1E2C0FB20C6AFBCBA20BAD0BCAE2E687770>

<35335FBCDBC7D1C1A42DB8E2B8AEBDBAC5CDC0C720C0FCB1E2C0FB20C6AFBCBA20BAD0BCAE2E687770> Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society Vol. 15, No. 2 pp. 1051-1058, 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/kais.2014.15.2.1051 멤리스터의 전기적 특성 분석을 위한 PSPICE 회로 해석 김부강 1, 박호종 2, 박용수 3, 송한정 1*

More information

09구자용(489~500)

09구자용(489~500) The Study on the Grid Size Regarding Spatial Interpolation for Local Climate Maps* Cha Yong Ku** Young Ho Shin*** Jae-Won Lee**** Hee-Soo Kim*****.,...,,,, Abstract : Recent global warming and abnormal

More information

( )jkfs076.hwp

( )jkfs076.hwp 대한골절학회지제 19 권, 제 3 호, 2006 년 7 월 Journal of the Korean Fractrure Society Vol. 19, N o. 3, July, 2006 후향적유연성금속정을이용한상완골간부골절의치료 정필현황정수강석김종필김영성박승복안광욱 동국대학교의과대학정형외과학교실 목적 : 상완골간부골절에있어후향적유연성금속정을이용한골수강내고정술의임상적및방사선학적결과에대해보고하고자한다.

More information

Abstract Background : Most hospitalized children will experience physical pain as well as psychological distress. Painful procedure can increase anxie

Abstract Background : Most hospitalized children will experience physical pain as well as psychological distress. Painful procedure can increase anxie Volume 12, Number 1, 92~102, An Intervention Study of Pain Reduction during IV Therapy in Hospitalized Children Myo-Jin Kim 1), Joung-Hae Bak 1), Won-Seok Seo 2) Mi-Young Kim 3), Sun-Kyoung Park 3), Jai-Soung

More information

untitled

untitled ISSN 1225-1682 (Print) ISSN 2287-9293 (Online) 대한골절학회지제 29 권, 제 3 호, 2016 년 7 월 J Korean Fract Soc 2016;29(3):200-205 http://dx.doi.org/10.12671/jkfs.2016.29.3.200 Case Report 성인환자에서발생한동측의대퇴골간부골절에동반된전십자인대대퇴골부착부견열골절

More information

06_±è¼öö_0323

06_±è¼öö_0323 166 167 1) 2) 3) 4) source code 5) object code PC copy IP Internet Protocol 6) 7) 168 8) 9)10) 11) 12)13) / / 14) 169 PC publisher End User distributor RPG Role-Playing Game 15) FPS First Person Shooter

More information

03±èÀçÈÖ¾ÈÁ¤ÅÂ

03±èÀçÈÖ¾ÈÁ¤Å x x x x Abstract The Advertising Effects of PPL in TV Dramas - Identificaiton by Implicit Memory-based Measures Kim, Jae - hwi(associate professor, Dept. of psychology, Chung-Ang University) Ahn,

More information

인문사회과학기술융합학회

인문사회과학기술융합학회 Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art, Humanities, and Sociology Vol.6, No.2, February (2016), pp. 325-332 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ajmahs.2016.09 한국의 대학운영제도 변화를 위한 K-MOOC 활용방안에

More information

패션 전문가 293명 대상 앙케트+전문기자단 선정 2010.1 Fashionbiz CEO Managing Director Creative Director Independent Designer

패션 전문가 293명 대상 앙케트+전문기자단 선정 2010.1 Fashionbiz CEO Managing Director Creative Director Independent Designer READY-TO-WEAR Fashionbiz 2010.1 패션 전문가 293명 대상 앙케트+전문기자단 선정 2010.1 Fashionbiz CEO Managing Director Creative Director Independent Designer READY-TO-WEAR Fashionbiz 2010.1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 2010.1 Fashionbiz

More information

Analysis of objective and error source of ski technical championship Jin Su Seok 1, Seoung ki Kang 1 *, Jae Hyung Lee 1, & Won Il Son 2 1 yong in Univ

Analysis of objective and error source of ski technical championship Jin Su Seok 1, Seoung ki Kang 1 *, Jae Hyung Lee 1, & Won Il Son 2 1 yong in Univ Analysis of objective and error source of ski technical championship Jin Su Seok 1, Seoung ki Kang 1 *, Jae Hyung Lee 1, & Won Il Son 2 1 yong in University & 2 Kang Won University [Purpose] [Methods]

More information

<30362E20C6EDC1FD2DB0EDBFB5B4EBB4D420BCF6C1A42E687770>

<30362E20C6EDC1FD2DB0EDBFB5B4EBB4D420BCF6C1A42E687770> 327 Journal of The Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology ISSN 1598-3986(Print) VOL.24, NO.2, Apr. 2014 ISSN 2288-2715(Online) http://dx.doi.org/10.13089/jkiisc.2014.24.2.327 개인정보 DB 암호화

More information

untitled

untitled 대한골절학회지제 24 권, 제 2 호, 2011 년 4 월 Journal of the Korean Fracture Society Vol. 24, No. 2, April, 2011 수부골절불유합에대한자가장골이식술 김주용ㆍ이영근 * ㆍ안기찬ㆍ성태우 인제대학교의과대학부산백병원정형외과학교실, 다손정형외과의원정형외과 * 목적 : 수부골절후에발생한불유합의자가장골이식술의결과에대해보고하고자한다.

More information

13-11윤형구

13-11윤형구 대한고관절학회지제 18 권제 1 호 Vol. 18, No. 1, March, 2006 대퇴골두무혈성괴사환자에서의대퇴골골두및경부골절 -4 례보고 - 포천중문의과대학분당차병원정형외과학교실 대퇴골두무혈성괴사환자에서속발되는대퇴골두및경부의골절발생은매우드물며이에대한골절의양상에대한분석과연관된보고는별로이루어져있지않은상태이다. 이에대한국내문헌상보고도거의없는실정이어서, 저자들은무혈성괴사로진단받아추시관찰중인환자들중에서초생달형태의골절과는전혀다른,

More information

Analysis of teacher s perception and organization on physical education elective courses Chang-Wan Yu* Korea Institute of curriculum and evaluation [Purpose] [Methods] [Results] [Conclusions] Key words:

More information

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp DOI: * Review of Research

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp DOI:   * Review of Research Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2017, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp.79-102 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21024/pnuedi.27.2.201706.79 * Review of Research Trends on Curriculum for Students with Severe and multiple

More information

untitled

untitled ISSN 1225-1682 (Print) ISSN 2287-9293 (Online) 대한골절학회지제 27 권, 제 3 호, 2014 년 7 월 J Korean Fract Soc 2014;27(3):232-236 http://dx.doi.org/10.12671/jkfs.2014.27.3.232 Case Report 소아의상완골원위부 T 형골절 - 증례보고 -

More information

08년요람001~016

08년요람001~016 Challenge to the Greatness, Beautiful Leader 2008 2009 06 07 JANUARY 01 JUNE 06 FEBRUARY MARCH 02 03 JULY AUGUST 07 08 APRIL MAY 04 05 SEPTEMBER OCTOBER 09 10 2008 schooling schedule 08 09 2008 schooling

More information

µðÇÃÇ¥Áö±¤°í´Ü¸é

µðÇÃÇ¥Áö±¤°í´Ü¸é 2013. JAN. FEB. VOL.23 2013. JAN. FEB. VOL.23 Review Preview Company Technical Point Focus Issue Market Trend Industrial Trend Policy Report KDIA News Tour Statistics KDIA 02 10 11 12 15 16 22 28 36 38

More information

감각형 증강현실을 이용한

감각형 증강현실을 이용한 대한산업공학회/한국경영과학회 2012년 춘계공동학술대회 감각형 증강현실을 이용한 전자제품의 디자인 품평 문희철, 박상진, 박형준 * 조선대학교 산업공학과 * 교신저자, hzpark@chosun.ac.kr 002660 ABSTRACT We present the recent status of our research on design evaluation of digital

More information

....-42.(11+12.).pdf

....-42.(11+12.).pdf www.himchanhospital.com 2011:11+12 www.himchanhospital.com Himchan People CONTENTS 2011 11+12 HIMCHAN PEOPLE 02 04 07 08 10 12 13 14 16 HIMCHAN NETWORK 18 19 22 04+05 Himchan People 06+07 Himchan People

More information

2014ijµåÄ·¾È³»Àå-µ¿°è ÃÖÁ¾

2014ijµåÄ·¾È³»Àå-µ¿°è ÃÖÁ¾ Call for Papers JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN AND ENGINEERING Print ISSN 2288-4300 Online ISSN 2288-5048 Journal of Computational Design and Engineering(JCDE) is a new peer-reviewed international journal

More information

untitled

untitled 대한골절학회지제24권, 제3호, 2011년 7월 Journal of the Korean racture Society Vol. 24, No. 3, July, 2011 원저 상완골근위부와간부를침범한복합골절에서의골수강내금속정고정술 조철현ㆍ정구희 * ㆍ김교욱 계명대학교의과대학정형외과학교실, 고신대학교의과대학복음병원정형외과학교실 * 목적 : 상완골근위부와간부를침범한복합골절에서의전향적교합성골수강내금속정고정술의치료결과를알아보고자하였다.

More information

Microsoft Word - Introduction%20to%20guided%20implant%20surgery[1].docx

Microsoft Word - Introduction%20to%20guided%20implant%20surgery[1].docx CYBERMED INC., ONDEMAND3D TECHNOLOGY INC. Introduction to Guided Implant Surgery White Paper Febrary 2010 USA Republic of Korea www.ondemand3d.com What is the guided implant surgery Guided implant surgery란환자의

More information

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Sep.; 30(9),

THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE Sep.; 30(9), THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. 2019 Sep.; 30(9), 712 717. http://dx.doi.org/10.5515/kjkiees.2019.30.9.712 ISSN 1226-3133 (Print) ISSN 2288-226X (Online) MOS

More information

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2018, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp DOI: * A S

Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2018, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp DOI:   * A S Journal of Educational Innovation Research 2018, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp.461-487 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21024/pnuedi.28.4.201812.461 * - 2008 2018 - A Study on the Change of Issues with Adolescent Problem

More information

08원재호( )

08원재호( ) 30 2 20124 pp. 173~180 Non-Metric Digital Camera Lens Calibration Using Ground Control Points 1) 2) 3) Abstract The most recent, 80 mega pixels digital camera appeared through the development of digital

More information

???? 1

???? 1 The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics (2013) 26(1), 201 208 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5351/kjas.2013.26.1.201 A Note on Model Selection in Mixture Experiments with Process Variables Jung Il Kim a,1

More information