Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary

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1 Dictionary of Kukkiwon Taekwondo Terminology Louis B. Giamo Kukkiwon 8 th Dan Chang Moo Kwan 8 th Dan

2 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Terminology by Funtional Group... 4 Classroom Commands... 4 Anatomy... 8 Stances Blocking Grasping Punching Striking Stepping Thrusting Kicking Special Techniques Competition Weapons Additional Terminology Alphabetical in English Alphabetical Romanization Alphabetical Hangul (Korean) Numbers Kukkiwon Types of Sparring Appendix Photos of Techniques that don t have good English translations Bibliography

3 This dictionary is broken down into sections to make it easier to use. The first section is terminology by Functional Groups. It contains classroom terminology, anatomy and techniques organized by group and alphabetical order. The second section is the English terminology in alphabetical order. The third section is the Romanized (Anglicized) name of the techniques in alphabetical order. This section will be alphabetized according to the more modern Revised Romanization format. The fourth section is the Korean name of the technique, in Hangul, in alphabetical order. I have not included every technique that is listed in the Kukkiwon Textbook, but most of them are here. You should be able to look at some of the hand techniques and create another technique from them (eg: outside block, bakkat makgi becomes knifehand outside block, Sonnal bakkat makgi). Some of the techniques will also indicate which poomsae they are used in. In the first two sections many techniques wiil be listed more then once. There are several different ways to describe the same technique in English and I tried to include as many of them as possible. I have also (where possible) grouped some of the kicks (eg: front kick, jumping front kick, flying front kick) and blocks (eg: outward block, outward knife hand block). In the Romanization and Hangul sections the term wiil be listed once, but the different English translations wiil appear with that term. The most correct translation wiil be the one in boldface. There are some new terms in Kukkiwon. These are recent changes that have been made to the terminology. The new terms are more closely related to everyday conversational Korean. In those cases, I have annotated the old term and the new term. Since some Korean terminology doesn t translate well into English (ie. Keumgang makgi; diamond block, Jebi poom mok chigi; Swallow wing neck strike), I have added an appendix of photos that shows some of these techniques. Photos of all of these techniques can be found in the Kukkiwon Textbook. The techniques with photos will be marked with an asterisk*. Some of the names may be different depending on when the edition was printed. There are two forms of Romanization. The old style is called McCune-Reischauer Romanization and the modern style is called Revised Romaniztion (RR). RR is the more proper way to Romanize the Korean language and is the first set used. Because so many people have been using the McCune-Reishauer system, it has been included in parenthesis. If the Romanization is the same in both McCune-Reischauer and RR, I only included one. Then there is also the dojang Romanization. Many of these terms were translated by phonetics and many people have different spellings for them. I have not included dojang Romanization as there are simply too many variations to consider. 3

4 Classroom Terminology (Myeong nyeong-eo 명령어 ) This section contains common classroom terminology and commands. About Face (Stationary Turn) Again Assistant Instructor At Ease (stand at ease) Attention Begin Belt Colors Black Black Belt Black Belt Dan Ranking Blue Blue Belt Blue Belt With Red Stripe Bow (Salute) Dwi-ro do-ra (Twi-ro do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Dashi (Tashi) 다시 Bu sa-beom (Pu sa-pŏm) 부사범 Swieo (Shwiŏ) 쉬어 Cha-ryeot (Ch'a-ryŏt) 차렷 Si-jak (Shi-jak) 시작 Tti-saek (Tti-saek) 띠색 Geo-meun (Kŏ-mŭn) 검은 Geo-meun tti (Kŏ-mŭn tti) 검은띠 Dan 단 Cheong (Ch'ŏng) 청 Cheong tti (Ch'ŏng tti) 청 Cheong tti-e hong seon (Ch'ŏng tti-e hong sŏn) 청띠에홍선 Gyeong-nye (Kyŏng-nye) 경례 4

5 Bow To The Instructor Break (separate fighters) Change (as in switch feet or switch hands) Change Direction Colors Continue Dismissed Eighth Dan Fifth Dan First Dan First Poom (Junior Black Belt) Fourth Dan Fourth Poom (Junior Black Belt) Green Green Belt Sa-beom-nim-kke gyeong-nye (Sa-bŏm-nim-kke gyŏng-nye) 사범님께경례 Gal-lyeo (Kal-lyŏ) 갈려 Ba kkum (Pa kkum) 바꿈 Bang hyang bakkugi (Pang hyang Pakkugi) 방향바꾸기 Saek 색 Gye-sok (Kye-sok) 계속 Hae-san 해산 Pal Dan (P'al Dan) 팔단 O Dan 오단 Il Dan 일단 Il Pum (Il P um) 일품 Sa Dan 사단 Sa Pum (Sa P um) 사품 Cho-rok (Ch o-rok) 초록 Cho-rok tti (Ch o-rok tti) 초록띠 5

6 Green Belt With Blue Stripe Head Of The School Instructor Line Up Meditate Ninth Dan Ready Red Red Belt Red Belt With Black Stripe Return (to a position, usually ready stance) Salute (Bow) Salute The National Flag Second Dan Second Poom (Junior Black Belt) Cho-rok tti-e cheong-seon (Ch'o-rok tti-e ch'ŏng-sŏn) 초록띠에청선 Gwan-jang (Kwan-jang) 관장 Sa-beom (Sa-bŏm) 사범 Jul-lo-seo ( Chul-lo-sŏ) 줄로서 Mung-nyeom (Mung-nyŏm) 묵념 Gu Dan (Ku Dan) 구단 Jun-bi (Chun-bi) 준비 Hong 홍 Hong tti 홍띠 Hong-tti-e geo-meun seon (Hong-tti-e gŏ-mŭn sŏn) 홍띠에검은선 Ba-ro (Pa-ro) 바로 Gyeong-nye (Kyŏng-nye) 경례 Guk-gi-e dae-ha-yeo gyeong-nye (Kuk-ki-e dae-ha-yŏ gyŏng-nye) 국기에대하여경례 I Dan 이단 I Pum (I P'um) 이품 6

7 Seventh Dan Sit Sixth Dan Start Stationary Turn (About Face) Stop Third Dan Third Poom (Junior Black Belt) Training Hall Turn Around (Stationary Turn) White White Belt White Belt With Yellow Stripe Yellow Yellow Belt Yellow Belt With Green Stripe Chil Dan (Ch il Dan) 칠단 An-jeo (An-jŏ) 앉어 Yuk Dan 육단 Si-jak (Shi-jak) 시작 Dwi-ro do-ra (Twi-ro do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Geu-man ( Kŭ-man) 그만 Sam Dan 삼단 Sam Pum (Sam P um) 삼품 Do-jang (To-jang) 도장 Dwi-ro Do-ra (Twi-ro Do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Huin (Hŭin) 흰 Huin tti (Hŭin tti) 흰띠 Huin tti-e no-ran seon (Hŭin tti-e no-ran-sŏn) 흰띠에노란선 No-rang 노랑 No-ran tti 노란띠 No-ran tti-e cho-rok seon (No-ran-tti-e ch'o-rok sŏn) 노란띠에초록선 7

8 Anatomy (Sinche Bubun 신체부분 ) Using the different parts of the body can help when naming a technique. For example: sonnal chigi means knife hand (hand blade) strike, sonnal mok chigi means knife hand (hand blade) neck strike. Abdomen Achilles Heel Achilles Tendon Adam s Apple Ankle Ankle Joint Arch Of The Foot Arm Armpit Artery Back (of the torso) Ball Of The Foot (fore sole) Blood Bok-Bu (Pok-Pu) 복부 Dwi-Jjok Gyak-Jeom (Twi-Tchok Kyak-Chŏm) 뒤쪽약점 Dwi Jjok Himjul (Twit Chok Himjul) 뒤쪽힘줄 Gyo-Hu (Kyo-Hu) 교후 Balmok (Pal-Mok) 발목 Balmok Gwan-Jeol (Pal-Mok Kwan- Jŏl) 발목관절 Bal Nal Deung (Pal Nal Tŭng) 발날등 Pal (P al) 팔 Gyeodeurangi (Kyŏdŭrangi) 겨드랑이 Dong Maek (Tong Maek) 동맥 Deung (Tŭng) 등 Ap Kkum Chi (Ap Kkum Ch'i) 앞꿈치 Pi (P i) 피 8

9 Body Bone Brachial Plexus Bridge Of The Nose Carotid Artery Cheek Chest Chin Clavicle Coccyx Ear Elbow (towards forearm) Elbow (general) Elbow Joint Eye Eyes (general area) Mom 몸 Ppyeo (Ppyŏ) 뼈 Sangwan Singyeong (Sangwan Shin'gyŏng) 상완신경 Migan 미간 Mok Dongmaek (Mok Tongmaek) 목동맥 Gwangdae (Kwangdae) 광대 Gaseum (Kasŭm) 가슴 Teok (T ŏk) 턱 Swaegol 쇄골 Migol 미골 Gwi (Kwi) 귀 Palgup (P algup) 팔굽 Palkkumchi (P'alkkumch'i) 팔꿈치 Palgup Gwanjeol (P'algup Kwanjŏl) 팔굽관절 Nun 눈 Anbu 안부 9

10 Eyeball Face Femur Fibula Finger Finger Tip Foot Foot Blade Forearm Forehead Groin Hand Hand Blade Head Heart Heel (back below achilles tendon) Angu 안구 Eolgul (Ŏlgul) 얼굴 Tae Toegol (T'ae T'oegol) 태퇴골 Pigol (P igol) 피골 Songarak (Son'garak) 손가락 Pyeon Sonkkeut (P'yŏn Sonkkŭt) 편손끝 Bal (Pal) 발 Bal Nal (Pal Nal) 발날 Palmok (P almok) 팔목 I Ma 이마 Nangsim (Nangshim) 낭심 Son 손 Son Nal 손날 Meo-Ri (Mŏ-Ri) 머리 Simjang (Shimjang) 심장 Dwikkumchi (Twikkumch'i) 뒤꿈치 10

11 Heel (Back Sole) Hip Humerous Instep Jaw Joint Kidney Knee Knuckle Leg Lips Liver Mandibula Mouth Muscle Neck Dwichuk (Twich'uk) 뒤축 Eongdeongi (Ŏngdŏngi) 엉덩이 Sangbakgol (Sangbakkol) 상박골 Bal Deung (Paltŭng) 발등 Teok (T ŏk) 턱 Gwanjeol (Kwanjŏl) 관절 Kongpat (K'ongp'at) 콩팥 Mureup (Murŭp) 무릎 Son Madi 손마디 Dari (Tari) 다리 Ipsul 입술 Ganjang (Kanjang) 간장 Teokgwanjeol (T'ŏkkwanjŏl) 턱관절 Ip 입 Geunyuk (Kŭnyuk) 근육 Mok 목 11

12 Nerve Nose Occipital Bone Patella Pelvis Philtrun Point Of The Chin Radius (bone) Ribs Shin Shoulder Skull Solar Plexus Sole Of The Foot Spine Spinal Cord Sin Gyeong (Shin'gyŏng) 신경 Ko (K o) 코 Hudugol 후두골 Seulgaegol (Sŭlgaegol) 슬개골 Gol Ban (Kol Ban) 골반 In Jung 인중 Mit Teok (Mit T ŏk) 밑턱 Yo Gol 요골 Gal Bi (Kal Bi) 갈비 Jeong Gan I (Chŏnggangi) 정강이 Eokkae (Ŏkkae) 어깨 Dugaegol (Tugaegol) 두개골 Myeong Chi (Myŏng-Ch i) 명치 Bal Badak (Pal Padak) 발바닥 Cheokchu (Ch'ŏkch'u) 척추 Cheokchu Singyeong (Ch ŏk-ch u Shin-Gyŏng) 척추신경 12

13 Spleen Sternum Temple Throat Thumb Toe Trunk Of The Body Ulna Waist Windpipe Wrist Pi Jang (P i Jang) 피장 Hyeongol (Hyŏn'gol) 현골 No Ri 노리 Mokgumeong (Mokkumŏng) 목구멍 Eomji Songarak (Ŏmji Son'garak) 엄지손가락 Balgarak (Palgarak) 발가락 Momtong (Momt ong) 몸통 Cheokgol (Ch ŏk-gol) 척골 Hoe-Ri (Hŏ-Ri) 허리 Sumtong (Sum-T ong) 숨통 Son Mok 손목 13

14 Stances (Seogi 서기 ) Stances are perhaps the easiest of Taekwondo techniques to translate. There are, however, some different English terms for the same stance and in some instances the same English term describes two different stances to two different people. Assisted Stance (Hansu #11) At Ease Stance Attention Stance Back Attention Stance* Back Stance (L Stance) Cat Stance (Tiger Stance) Closed Stance* Covered-Fist Ready Stance (Taegeuk 7 Jang #11) Crane Stance (Keumgang #8) Cross Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) Crouching Stance (Riding Stance) (Keumgang #9) Fighting Stance Forward Stance (Walking Stance) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #1) Forward Crouching Stance Gyeotda-Ri Seogi (Kyŏtta-Ri Sŏgi) 곁다리서기 Pyeonhi Seogi (P'yŏnhi Sŏgi) 편히서기 Charyeot Seogi (Ch'aryŏt Sŏgi) 차렷서기 Dwichuk Moa Seogi (Twich'uk Moa Sŏgi) 뒤축모아서기 Dwit Gubi (Twit Kubi) 뒷굽이 Beom Seogi (Pŏm Sŏgi) 범서기 Moa Seogi (Moa Sŏgi) 모아서기 Bojumeok Junbi Seogi (Pojumŏk Chunbi Sŏgi) 보주먹준비서기 Hakda-Ri Seogi (Hakta-Ri Sŏgi) 학다리서기 Kkoa Seogi (Kkoa Sŏgi) 꼬아서기 Juchum Seogi (Chuch'um Sŏgi) 주춤서기 Gyeorumse Seogi (Kyŏrumse Sŏgi) 겨룸세서기 Ap Seogi (Ap Sŏgi) 앞서기 Ap Juchum Seogi (Ap Chuch'um Sŏgi) 앞주춤서기 14

15 Forward Cross Stance Forward Inflection (Bent Knee) Stance (Front Stance) (Taegeuk 2 Jang #2) Front Stance (Taegeuk 2 Jang #2) Inverted T Stance* Inward Stance* Inward Crouching Stance* L Stance (Back Stance) Left Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2) Lowered Stance (Old Style Riding Stance) Oblique Angle Stance* Oblique Angle Crouching Stance* Overlapped Hands Ready Stance (also layered hands) (Pyungwon) Parallel Stance (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Pushing Hands Ready Stance (Barrel Pushing) (Koryo) Ready Stance Ap Kkoa Seogi (Ap Kkoa Sŏgi) 앞꼬아서기 Ap Gubi (Ap Kubi) 앞굽이 Ap Gubi (Ap Kubi) 앞굽이 Oja Seogi (Oja Sŏgi) 오자 ( ㅗ자 ) 서기 Anjjong Seogi (Antchong Sŏgi) 안쫑서기 Anjjong Juchum Seogi (Antchong Chuch'um Sŏgi) 안쫑주춤서기 Dwit Gubi (Twit Kubi) 뒷굽이 Oen Seogi (Oen Sŏgi) 왼서기 Natchueo Seogi (Natch'uŏ Sŏgi) 낮추어서기 Mo Seogi (Mo Sŏgi) 모서기 Mo Juchum Seogi (Mo Chuch'um Sŏgi) 모주춤서기 Gyeopson Junbi Seogi (Kyŏpsŏn Chunbi Sŏgi) 겹선준비서기 Naranhi Seogi (Naranhi Sŏgi) 나란히서기 Tong Milgi Junbi Seogi (T'ong Milgi Chunbi Sŏgi) 통밀기준비서기 Junbi Seogi (Chunbi Sŏgi) 준비서기 15

16 Reverse Attention Stance* Reverse Crane Stance* (Ilyeo #6) Riding Stance (Crouching Stance) Right Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #4) Tiger Stance (Cat Stance) Walking Stance (Forward Stance) Basic Ready Stance (Taegeuk 1-8) Covered Fist Ready Stance (#11 In Taegeuk 7, Ready Position In Ilyeo) Sparring Ready Stance Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary Apchuk Moa Seogi (Apch'uk Moa Sŏgi) 앞축모아서기 Ogeum Seogi (Ogŭm Sŏgi) 오금서기 Juchum Seogi (Chuch'um Sŏgi) 주춤서기 Oreun Seogi (Orŭn Sŏgi) 오른서기 Beom Seogi (Pŏm Sŏgi) 범서기 Ap Seogi (Ap Sŏgi) 앞서기 Ready Stances Junbi Jase ( 준비자세 ) Gibon Junbi Seogi (Kibon Chunbi Sŏgi) 기본준비서기 Bojumeok Junbi Seogi (Po Jomŏk Chunbi Sŏgi) 보조먹준비서기 Gyeorugi Junbi Seogi (KyŏrugiJunbi Sŏgi) 겨루기준비서기 Layered Hand Ready Stance (Pyungwon, Chonkwon, Hansu) (also overlapped hands) Barrel Pushing Ready Stance (Koryo) Two Fists On Hip Ready Stance (Ilyeo #18)* Also called: Gyeorumsae, 겨룸새 Gyeopson Junbi Seogi (Kyŏpson Junbi Sŏgi) 겹손준비서기 Tong Milgi Junbi Seogi (T'ong Milgi Junbi Sŏgi) 통밀기준비서기 Dujumeok Heori Junbi Seogi (Tu Jumŏk Hŏri Junbi Sŏgi) 두주먹허리준비서기 16

17 Blocking (Makgi 막기 ) Blocks are by far the largest group of techniques and also the hardest to name. There are different ways to name the same blocking technique. There are long names and short cuts to naming many of the blocks. This can lead to long names for some blocks that are then shortened for common usage. The terms knife hand and hand blade are interchangeable as are ridge hand and reverse hand blade. The more common English usage is knife hand and ridge hand, while the more correct translation is hand blade and reverse hand blade. Techniques here Absorbing Block Foot Sole Absorbing Block Palm Absorbing Block Shin Absorbing Block Arc Hand Block Assisted Block Assisted Low (downward) Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #18) Inner Forearm Assisted Block Bada Makgi (Pada Makki) 받아막기 Bal Badak Bada Makgi (Pal Padakpada Makki) 발바닥받아막기 Son Badak Bada Makgi (Son Padak Pada Makki) 손바닥받아막기 Junggangi Bada Makgi (Chŏnggangi Pada Makki) 정강이받아막기 Ageum Son Makgi (Agŭm Son Makki) 아금손막기 Geodeureo Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 거들어막기 Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 거들어내려막기 Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 거들어아래막기 An Palmok Geodeureo Makgi (An P'almok Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 안팔목거들어막기 17

18 Knife Hand Guard Block (hand blade block, twin knife hand block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1 And #3) Low Knife Hand Guard Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) Outer Forearm Assisted Outer Block (Taegeuk 8 #1) Palm Supporting Inside Wrist Outward Block (Shipjin #2 & 7) Reverse Kife Hand (ridge hand) Assisted Downward Block Reverse Kife Hand (ridge hand) Assisted Block (Shipjin #26) Body Block (inner block, trunk block, front block) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #6) Bow Wrist Block Bow Wrist Lifting Body Block Bull Block (Shipjin #1) Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Sonnal Makki) 손날거들어막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날거들어내려막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 손날거들어아래막기 Bakkat Palmok Geodeureo Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Kŏdŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 바깥팔목거들어바깥막기 Sonbadak Geodeureo Anpalmok Makgi (Sonbadak Kŏdŭnŏ Anp'almok Pakkat Makki) 손바닥거든어안팔목바깥막기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날등거들어내려막기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날등거들어막기 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Gupin Sonmok Makgi (Kup'in Sonmok Makki) 굽힌손목막기 Gupin Son Momtong Chukyeo Makgi (Kup'in Son Momt'ong Ch'uk'yŏ Makki) 굽힌손몸통추켜막기 Hwang-So Makgi (Hwangso Makki) 황소막기 18

19 Crane Diamond Block (Keumgang #8)* Cross Block Cross Underneath Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #16 And #19) Diamond Low Block (Keumgang #8)* Diamond Inner Forearm Middle Block (Taebaek #9)* Diamond Knife Hand Outward Block Diamond Knifehand Block* (Hansu #13) Diamond Outer Block Drawing Up Block Face Block (High Block) {most correct translation is Upward Block} (Taegeuk 1 #11 & 13) Hakda-Ri Geumgang Makgi (Hakta-Ri Kŭmgang Makki) 학다리금강막기 Eotgeoreo Makgi (Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 엇걸어막기 Eotgeoreo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 엇걸어내려막기 Eotgeoreo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Arae Makki) 엇걸어아래막기 Geumgang Naeryeo Makgi (Kŭmgang Makki) 금강내려막기 Geumgang An Palmok Momtong Makgi (Kŭmgang An P'almok Momt'ong Makki) 금강안팔목몸통막기 Sonnal Geumgang Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Kŭmgang Pakkat Makki) 손날금강바깥막기 Sonnal Geumgang Makgi (Sonnal Kŭmgang Makki) 손날금강막기 Geumgang Bakkat Momtong Makgi (Kŭmgang Pakkat Momt ong Makki) 금강바깥몸통막기 Geuryeo Olligi Makgi (Kŭryŏ Olligi Makki) 그려올리기막기 Ollyeo Makgi (Ollyŏ Makki) (New Term) 올려막기 Eolgul Makgi (Ŏlgul Makki) (Old Term) 얼굴막기 19

20 Face Wedging Block Foot Blade Low Block (leg checking) Front Block (inner block, outside to inside block) Hand Blade Block (knife hand guard block, twin knife hand block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1) Hand Blade Face Cross Block (high knife hand x-block) Hand Blade Low Block (low knife hand guard block) (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) Hand Blade Wedging Body Block High Hand Blade X-Block Inner Forearm Block Inner Forearm Face Outer Block Inner Forearm Twist Block Eolgul Hechyeo Makgi (Ŏlgul Hech'yŏ Makki) 얼굴헤쳐막기 Arae Bada Makgi (Arae Pada Makki) 아래바다막기 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날거들어막기 Sonnal Eolgul Eotgeoreo Makgi (Sonnal Ŏlgul Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날거들어내려막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 손날거들어아래막기 Sonnal Momtong Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Momt'ong Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날몸통헤쳐막기 Sonnal Eolgul Eotgeoreo Makgi (Sonnal Ŏlgul Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 An Palmok Makgi (An P'almok Makki) 안팔목막기 An Palmok Eolgul Bakkat Makgi (An P'almok Ŏlgul Pakkat Makki) 안팔목얼굴바깥막기 An Palmok Biteureo Makgi (An P'almok Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 안팔목비틀어막기 20

21 Inner Forearm Wedging Block (Keumgang #1) Inside To Outside Block (Outer Block) (Taegeuk 4, #9 And #11) Inward Block (front block, outside to inside block) Knife Hand Inward Block (Keumgang #5) Outer Forearm Inward Block (Taegeuk 1 #6) Palm Heel Inward Block (Taegeuk 7 #1) Reverse Foot Blade Inward Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Knife Hand Guard Block (hand blade block, twin knife hand block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1 And #3) Knife Hand Low Block (single blade hand low block) (Koryo #25-2) Knife Hand Inner Block (Keumgang #5) Knife Hand Outer Block (single blade hand block) (Taegeuk 3 Jang #7) An Palmok Hechyeo Makgi (An P'almok Hech'yŏ Makki) 안팔목헤쳐막기 Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat Makki) 바깥막기 An Makgi (An Makki) 안막기 Sonnal An Makgi (Sonnal An Makki) 손날안막기 Bakkat Palmok An Makgi (Pakkat P almok Makki) 바깥팔녹안막기 Batangson An Makgi (Pat'ang Son An Makki) 바탕손안막기 Balnal Deung An Makki (Pal Nal Tŭng An Makki) 발날등안막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날거들어막기 Sonnal Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Naeryŏ Makki) 손날내려막기 Sonnal Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Arae Makki) 손날아래막기 Sonnal An Makgi (Sonnal An Makki) 손날안막기 Sonnal Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Pakkat Makki) 손날바깥막기 21

22 Low Block (Taegeuk 1 Jang #1) Low Twist Block Low Wedging Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Low X-Block (Shipjin #25) Mountain Block (Keumgang #11)* Open Hand Mountain Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Wedging Mountain Block Naeryeo Makgi (Naeryŏ Makki) (New Term) 내려막기 Arae Makgi (Arae Makki ) (Old Term) 아래막기 Naeryeo Biteureo Makgi (New Term) (Naeryŏ Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 내려비틀어막기 Arae Biteureo Makgi (Old Term) (Arae Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 아래비틀어막기 Naeryeo Hechyeo Makgi (New Term) (Naeryŏ Hech'yŏ Makki) 내려헤쳐막기 Arae Hechyeo Makgi (Old Term) (Arae Hech'yŏ Makki) 아래헤쳐막기 Eotgeoreo Naeryeo Sonnal Makgi (New Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Naeryŏ Sonnal Makki) 엇걸어내려손날막기 Eotgeoreo Arae Sonnal Makgi (Old Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Arae Sonnal Makki) 엇걸어아래손날막기 Santeul Makgi (Sant'ŭl Makki) 산틀막기 Pyeonson Santeul Makgi (P'yŏnson Sant'ŭl Makki) 편손산틀막기 Hecheo Santeul Makgi (Hech'yŏ Sant'ŭl Makki) 헤쳐산틀막기 22

23 Outer Block (inside to outside block) Inner Forearm Outward Block (Jitae #1) Knife Hand Outward Block (Taegeuk 3 #7 & 9) Outer Forearm Outward Block (Taegeuk 6 #6 & 8) Reverse Knife Hand Outward Block Outer Forearm Face Side Block Outer Forearm Face Twist Block Outside To Inside Block (Inner Block) (Taegeuk 1 #6 And #8) Outward Kick Face Block (outward crescent kick) Palm Assisting Side Block (Shipjin #2) Palm Block (Taeguek 7 Jang #1) Palm Body Lifting Block Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat Makki) 바깥막기 Anpalmok Bakkat Makgi (An P almok Pakkat Makki) 안파르ㅗㄱ바깥막기 Sonnal Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Pakkat Makki) 손날바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Pakkat Makki) 바깥팔목바깥막기 Sonnal Deung Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Pakkat Makki) 순날등바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul Yeop Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul Yŏp Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴옆막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul Biteureo Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴비틀어막기 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Eolgul Bakkat Chyeonae Makgi (Ŏlgul Pakkat Ch'yŏnae Makki) 얼굴바깥쳐내막기 Son Badak Geodeureo Bakkat Makgi (Son Padak Kŏdŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 손바닥거들어바깥막기 Batang Son Makgi (Pat'ang Son Makki) 바탕손막기 Batang Son Chukyeo Makgi (Pat'ang Son Ch'uk'yŏ Makki) 바탕손추켜막기 23

24 Palm Pressing Block (Koryo #20-1) Reverse Foot Blade (Arch) Lifting Block Reverse Hand Blade Guard Block (ridge hand guarding block) (Shipjin #26) Reverse Hand Blade Low Block (low section ridge hand block) Reverse Hand Blade Wedging Block (Shipjin #16) Scissors Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #12-13) Open Hand Scisors Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Shin Underneath Block Side Block Side Rising Kick Face Block Batang Son Nulleo Makgi (Pat'ang Son Nullŏ Makki) 바탕손눌러막기 Aneu-Ro Geodeo Naegi Makgi (Anŭ-Ro Kŏdŏ Naegi Makki) 안으로걷어내기막기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날등거들어막기 Sonnal Deung Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Tŭng Naeryŏ Makki) 손날등내려막기 Sonnal Deung Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Tŭng Arae Makki) 손날등아래막기 Sonnal Deung Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날등헤쳐막기 Gawi Makgi (Kawi Makki) 가위막기 Pyeonson Gawi Makgi (P'yŏnson Kawi Makki) 편손가위막기 Jeong Gangi Bada Makgi (Chŏng Gangi Pada Makki) 정강이바다막기 Yeop Makgi (Yŏp Makki) 옆막기 Eolgul Yeop Cha Ollyeo Makgi (Ŏlgul Yŏp Ch'a Ollyŏ Makki) 얼굴옆차올려막기 24

25 Single Blade Hand Block (Knife Hand Block) (Taegeuk 3 Jang #7) Single Blade Hand Low Block (knife hand low block) (Koryo #27-2) Target Block Target Low Block (Hansu #12) Trunk Block (Inner Block, Front Block) Twin Knife Hand Block (knife hand guard block, hand blade block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1) Twist Block Downward (low) Twist Block Inner Forearm Twist Block Sonnal Makgi (Sonnal Makki) 손날막기 Sonnal Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Naeryŏ Makki) 손날내려막기 Sonnal Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Arae Makki) 손날아래막기 Pyojeok Makgi (P'yojŏk Makki) 표적막기 Pyojeok Naeryo Makgi (new term) (P'yojŏk Naeryŏ Makki) 표적내려막기 Pyojeok Arae Makgi (old term) (P'yojŏk Arae Makki) 표적아래막기 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날거들어막기 Biteureo Makgi (Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 비틀어막기 Biteureo Naeryeo Makgi (Pit'ŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 비틀어내려막기 An Palmok Biteureo Bakkat Makki (An P almok Pit'ŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 안팔목비틀어바깥막기 25

26 Knife Hand Twist Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #5) Outer Forearm Twist Block Reverse Knife Hand Outward Twist Block Underneath Pull Out Block Upward Block (Rising Block) (Taegeuk 1 #11 & 13) Inner Forearm Upward Block (Shipjin #19) Knife Hand Upward Block (Jitae #6) Upward Pull Out Block Wedging Block Inner Forearm Wedging Block (Keumgang #1) Reverse Knife Hand Wedging Block (Shipjin #16) Sonnal Biteureo Bakkat Makki (Sonnal Pit'ŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 손날비틀어바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok Biteureo Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Pit'ŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 바깥팔목비틀어바깥막기 Sonnal Deung Biteureo Bakkat Makki (Sonnal Tŭng Pit'ŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 손날등비틀어바깥막기 Miteu-Ro Ppaegi Makgi (Mit'ŭ-Ro Ppaegi Makki) 밑으로빼기막기 Ollyeo Makgi (Sonnal Ollyŏ Makki) 올려막기 Term #1: Kkeureo Olligi 끌어울리기 Term #2: An Palmok Ollyeo Makgi 알팔목올려막기 Sonnal Ollyeo Makgi (Sonnal Ollyŏ Makki) 손날올려막기 Wi-Ro Ppaegi Makgi (Wi-Ro Ppaegi Makki) 위로빼기막기 Hechyeo Makgi (Hech'yŏ Makki) 헤쳐막기 An Palmok Hechyeo Makgi (An P almok Hech'yŏ Makki) 알팔목헤쳐막기 Sonnal Deung Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날등헤쳐막기 26

27 Wedging Low Block (Tae Geuk 6, #10) Wedging Mountain Block (Pyungwon #11) Wide Open Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #5) Knife Hand Wide Open Block* (Chonkwon #23) Yoke Pull Out Block Naeryeo Hechyeo Makgi (Naeryŏ Hech'yŏ Makki) 내려헤쳐막기 Santeul Hechyeo Makgi (Sant'ŭl Hech'yŏ Makki) 산틀헤쳐막기 Oe Santeul Makgi (Oe Sant'ŭl Makki) 외산틀막기 Sonnal Oe Santeul Makgi (Sonnal Oe Sant'ŭl Makki) 손날외산틀막기 Meonge Ppaegi Makgi (Mŏnge Ppaegi Makki) 멍에빼기막기 27

28 Grasping (Japgi 잡기 ) Grasping is usually accompanied by a strike, kick or punch. Grasping Ankle Grasp Arc Hand Wrist Grasp Head Grasp Neck Grasp Shoulder Grasp Japgi (Chapki) 잡기 Balmok Japgi (Palmok Chapki) 발목잡기 Ageum Son Palmok Japgi (Agŭm Son P'almok Chapki) 아금손팔목잡기 Meo-Ri Japgi (Mŏ-Ri Chapki) 머리잡기 Mok Japgi (Mok Chapki) 목잡기 Eokkae Japgi (Ŏkkae Chapki) 어깨잡기 28

29 Back Punch (done over the shoulder) Diamond Forward Punch * (Jitae #11) Diamond Side Punch * (Chonkwon #21) Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Shaped Punch * (old term was u-shaped punch) Downward Punch Fist Flat Fist Punch * Fork Punch (Shipjin # S 21-2, 22-2, 27, 28) Knuckle Protruding Punch (index finger) Knuckle Protruding Punch (middle knuckle, Chonkwon #2-4) Palm Upward Punch (Upset Punch) Twin Fist Palm Upward Punch (Taegeuk 7 Jang #15-3) Punching (Jireugi 지르기 ) Dwi Jireugi (Twi Chirŭgi) 뒤지르기 Geumgang Ap Jireugi (Kŭmgang Ap Chirŭgi) 금강앞지르기 Geumgang Yeop Jireugi (Kŭmgang Yŏp Chirŭgi) 금강옆지르기 Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Jireugi (Digeut Cha Chirŭgi) ㄷ 자지르기 Naeryeo Jiruegi (Naeryŏ Chirŭgi) 내려지르기 Jumeok (Chumŏk) 주먹 Pyeon Jumeok Jireugi (P'yŏn Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 편주먹지르기 Chetda-Ri Jireugi (Ch'etta-Ri Chirŭgi) 쳇다리지르기 Jipge Soseum Jumeok Jireugi (Chipke Sosŭm Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 집게솟음주먹지르기 Soseum Jumeok Jireugi (Sosŭm Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 솟음주먹지르기 Jeochin Jumeok Jireugi (Chŏt'in Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 젖힌주먹지르기 Du Jumeok Jeochin Jireugi (Tu Chumŏk Chŏt'in Chirŭgi) 두주먹젖힌지르기 29

30 Pincer Punch Pulling Jaw Punch (Taegeuk 8 Jang # S 6 & 8) Reverse Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the front leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #2) Side Punch Standing Punch * (Vertical Punch) Straight Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the rear leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #7) Target Punch (Koryo #17) Turning Punch (Twist Punch) Upward Punch (Upper Cut) Vertical Punch * (Standing Punch) Wing Punch Double Punch (Two consecutive punches) (Taegeuk 3 #2) Twin Punch (Two simultaneous punches) Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary Jipge Jumeok Jireugi (Chipke Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 집게주먹지르기 Danggyeo Teok Jireugi (Tanggyŏ T'ŏk Chirŭgi) 당겨턱지르기 Bandae Jireugi (Pandae Chirŭgi) 반대지르기 Yeop Jireugi (Yŏp Chirŭgi) 옆지르기 Seun Jumeok Jireugi (Seun Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 세운주먹지르기 Ba-Ro Jireugi (Pa-Ro Chirŭgi) 바로지르기 Pyojeok Jireugi (P'yojŏk Chirŭgi) 표적지르기 Dollyeo Jireugi (Tollyŏ Chirŭgi) 돌려지르기 Chi Jireugi (Ch'i Chirŭgi) 치지르기 Seun Jumeok Jireugi (Seun Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 세운주먹지르기 Nalgae Jireugi (Nalgae Chirŭgi) 날개지르기 Specialty Punches Du Beon Jireugi (Tu Bŏn Chirŭgi) 두번지르기 Du Jumeok Jireugi (Tu Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 두주먹지르기 30

31 Twin Fist Palm Upward Punch (Taegeuk 7 Jang #15-3) Du Jumeok Jeochin Jireugi (Tu Chumŏk Chŏt'in Chirŭgi) 두주먹젖힌지르기 31

32 Strikes (Chigi 치기 ) This is a general terminology of striking. It lists the type of strike, but not the tartget or application. For example sonnal ch gi means hand blade (knife hand) strike. You could further specify sonnal mok chigi to mean knife hand strike to the neck. Arc Hand Strike (Koryo) ( there are 2 different terms for this technique) Back Fist Strike Back Fist Front Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #6-2) Back Fist Outer Strike (Taegeuk 7 Jang #20) Back Hand Strike Bear Hand Strike * Bow Wrist Strike Downward Strike Back Fist Downward Strike Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) Knife Hand Downward Strike Agwi Son Kaljaebi (Agwison K'alchaebi) 아귀손칼재비 Ageum Son Chigi (Agŭm Son Ch'igi) 아금손치기 Deung Jumeok Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Ch'igi) 등주먹치기 Deung Jumeok Ap Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Ap Ch'igi) 등주먹앞치기 Deung Jumeok Bakkat Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Pakkat Ch'igi) 등주먹바깥치기 Son Deung Chigi (Son Tŭng Ch'igi) 손등치기 Gom Son Chigi (Kom Son Ch'igi) 곰손치기 Gupin Sonmok Chigi (Kup'in Sonmok Ch'igi) 굽힌손목치기 Naeryeo Chigi (Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 내려치기 Deung Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 등주먹내려치기 Mae Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 매주먹내려치기 Sonnal Naeryeo Chigi (Sonnal Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 손날내려치기 32

33 Reverse Knife Hand Downward Strike Elbow Strike Turning Elbow Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #10) Target Elbow Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #16-2) Elbow Side Strike (Koryo #20-2) Rising Elbow Strike (Pyungwon #5) Elbow Downward Strike Hammer Fist Hammer Fist Flank Strike Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) Inward Strike Double Hammer Fist Inward Strike (Hansu #2) Double Knifehand Inward Strike Knee Strike Knife Hand Strike Sonnal Deung Naeryeo Chigi (Sonnal Tŭng Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 손날등내려치기 Palgup Chigi (P'algup Ch'igi) 팔굽치기 Palgup Dollyeo Chigi (P'algup Tollyŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽돌려치기 Palgup Pyojeok Chigi (P'algup P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 팔굽표적치기 Palgup Yeop Chigi (P'algup Yŏp Ch'igi) 팔굽옆치기 Palgup Ollyeo Chigi (P'algup Ollyŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽올려치기 Palgup Naeryeo Chigi (P'algup Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽내려치기 Mae Jumeok Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Ch'igi) 매주먹치기 Mae Jumeok Yeop Gu-Ri Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Yŏp Ku-Ri Ch'igi) 매주먹옆구리치기 Mae Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 매주먹내려치기 An Chigi (An Ch'igi) 안치기 Du Mae Jumeok An Chigi (Tu Mae Chumŏk An Ch'igi) 두매주먹안치기 Du Sonnal An Chigi (Tu Sonnal An Ch'igi) 두손날안치기 Mureup Chigi (Murŭp Ch'igi) 무릎치기 Sonnal Chigi (Sonnal Ch'igi) 손날치기 33

34 Knife Hand Neck Strike (Taegeuk 3 Jang #5 &#6) Knife Hand Outer Strike (Koryo #2) Palm Strike (Keumgang #2) Pulling Strike Pulling Backfist Strike (Pyungwon #9-1) Pulling Elbow Strike Reverse Hand Blade Strike (Ridge Hand Strike) Swallow Technique Jaw Strike * Swallow Technique Neck Strike * (Taegeuk 4 Jang #4, Taebaek #4) Target Strike Hammer Fist Target Strike (Jitae #18) Elbow Target Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #16) Yoke Hit (Shipjin #6) Sonnal Mok Chigi (Sonnal Mok Ch'igi) 손날목치기 Sonnal Bakkat Chigi (Sonnal Pakkat Ch'igi) 손날바깥치기 Batang Son Chigi (Pat'ang Son Ch'igi) 바탕손치기 Danggyeo Chigi (Tanggyŏ Ch'igi) 당겨치기 Danggyeo Deung Jumeok Chigi (Tanggyŏ Tŭng Chumŏk Ch'igi) 당겨등주먹치기 Danggyeo Palgup Chigi (Tanggyŏ P'algup Ch'igi) 당겨팔굽치기 Sonnal Deung Chigi (Sonnal Tŭng Ch'igi) 손날등치기 Jebi Pum Teok Chigi (Chebi P'um T'ŏk Ch'igi) 제비품턱치기 Jebi Pum Mok Chigi (Chebi P'um Mok Ch'igi) 제비품목치기 Pyojeok Chigi (P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 표적치기 Mae Jumeok Pyojeok Chigi (Mae Chumŏk P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 매주먹표적치기 Palgup Pyojeok Chigi (P'algup P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 팔굽표적치기 Meonge Chigi (Mŏnge Ch'igi) 멍에치기 34

35 Stepping (Ditgi 딛기 ) Stepping drills are generally done forward, backwards, Obliquely and in place (bouncing). There are 6 basic categories of stepping. Turning Step (Il Bo Chunjin/Il Bo Woojin) Right Turning Step (right foot steps) Left Turning Step (left foot steps) Back Turn Step Stepping In Place (Bouncing) Oblique Stepping Backwards Stepping (sliding backwards without switching the feet/woojin) Two Foot Backwards Step (both feet shift backwards at the same time) Rear Foot Backwards Step (rear foot steps first and pulls the front foot back) Front Foot Backwards Step (front foot pulls back to the rear foot and then the rear foot steps back) Forward Stepping (sliding forward without switching the feet/chunjin) Two Foot Forwards Step (both feet shift forewards at the same time) Rear Foot Forwards Step (rear foot slides up to the front foot and then the front foot steps forward) Front Foot Forward Step (the front foot steps forward and the rear foot pull up) Dora Ditgi (Tora Titki) 돌아딛기 Oreun Dora Ditgi (Orŭn Tora Titki) 오른돌아딛기 Oen Dora Ditgi (Oen Tora Titki) 왼돌아딛기 Dwi Dora Ditgi (Twi Tora Titki) 뒤돌아딛기 Jeja-Ri Dora Ditgi (Cheja-Ri Tora Titki) 제자리돌아딛기 Mo Dora Ditgi (Mo Tora Titki) 모돌아딛기 Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Mullŏ Tora Titki) 물러돌아딛기 Du Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Tu Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 두발물러돌아딛기 Dwit Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Twit Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 뒷발물러돌아딛기 Ap Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Ap Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 앞발물러돌아딛기 Nae Dora Ditgi (Nae Tora Titki) 내돌아딛기 Du Bal Nae Ditgi (Tu Pal Nae Titki) 두발내딛기 Dwit Bal Nae Ditgi (Twit Pal Nae Titki) 뒷발내딛기 Ap Bal Nae Ditgi (Ap Pal Nae Titki) 앞발내딛기 35

36 Side Stepping Yeop Ditgi (Yŏp Titki) 옆딛기 36

37 Thrusting (Jjireugi 찌르기 ) In thrusting, finger tip thrust is the more correct translation for the term spear hand. Fingertip Thrust (All Fingers) Fingertip Thrust (Three Fingers) Fingertip Thrust (Two Fingers Together) Fingertip Thrust (two fingers apart, also called scissor finger tip thrust) Fingertip Thrust (One Finger) Spear Finger (hand vertical Taegeuk 4 Jang #2 & #4) Spear Finger (palm down, Shipjin #3-2) Spear Finger (Palm Up Koryo #18-3) Modeum Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Modŭm Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모듬손끝찌르기 Moeun Se Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Moŭn Se Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모은세손끝찌르기 Moeun Du Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Moŭn Tu Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모은두손끝찌르기 Gawi Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Kawi Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 가위손끝찌르기 Han Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Han Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 한손끝찌르기 Seun Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Seun P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 세운편손끝찌르기 Eopeo Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Ŏp'ŏ P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 엎어편손끝찌르기 Jeochin Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Chŏt'in P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 젖힌편손끝찌르기 37

38 Kicks (Chagi 차기 ) Arc Kick (Half Turning Kick, Pi Chagi ) Ax Kick (Downward Kick) Back Kick Counter Kick Back Foot Counter Kick Front Foot Counter Kick Cut Kick (Pushing Side Kick) Double Kick (kicking low with the back foot first and then immediately kicking high with the front foot) Double Front Kick (Taegeuk 8 Jang #3-1, First Double Kick) Downward Kick (Ax Kick) In Kick (inner crescent kick, outside to inside kick) Flying Kick (second level kicks; rear foot leave the ground first then the front foot kicks) Flying Front Kick Flying Roundhouse Kick Pan Dollyeo Chagi (P'an Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 판돌려차기 Naeryeo Chagi (Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 내려차기 Dwi Chagi (Twi Ch'agi) 뒤차기 Bada Chagi (Pada Ch'agi) 받아차기 Dwit Bal Bada Chagi (Twit Pal Pada Ch'agi) 뒷발받아차기 Ap Bal Bada Chagi (Ap Pal Pada Ch'agi) 앞발받아차기 Mireo Yeop Chagi (Mirŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 밀어옆차기 Du Bal Dang Seong Chagi (Tu Pal Tang Sŏng Ch'agi) 두발당성차기 Du Bal Dang Seong Ap Chagi (Tubal Tangsŏng Ap Ch'agi) 두발당성앞차기 Naeryeo Chagi (Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 내려차기 An Chagi (An Ch'agi) 안차기 I Dan Chagi (I Tan Ch'agi) 이단차기 I Dan Ap Chagi (I Tan Ap Ch'agi) 이단앞차기 I Dan Dollyeo Chagi (I Tan Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 이단돌려차기 38

39 Flying Side Kick Front Kick Front Kick With The Heel Jumping Two-Foot Front Kick Flying Front Kick Jumping Front Kick Front Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Instep Front Kick Front Foot Axe Kick Front Foot Front Kick Front Foot Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Front Pushing Kick Front Rising Kick (Front Stretch Kick) Holding Kick (holding the opponent with the hand and kicking; see grasping techniques) Holding Front Kick I Dan Yeop Chagi (I Tan Yŏp Ch'agi) 이단옆차기 Ap Chagi (Ap Ch'agi) 앞차기 Dwi Chuk Ap Chagi (Wi Ch'uk Ap Ch'agi) 뒤축앞차기 Ttwieo Du Bal Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Tu Pal Ap Ch'agi) 뛰어두발앞차기 I Dan Ap Chagi (I Tan Ap Ch'agi) 이단앞차기 Ttwieo Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Ap Ch'agi) 뛰어앞차기 Ap Chuk Ap Chagi (Ap Ch'uk Ap Ch'agi) 앞축앞차기 Bal Deung Ap Chagi (Pal Tŭng Ap Ch'agi) 발등앞차기 Ap Bal Naeryeo Chagi (Ap Pal Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 앞발내려차기 Ap Bal Ap Chagi (Ap Pal Ap Ch'agi) 앞발앞차기 Ap Bal Butyeo Dollyeo Chagi (Ap Pal Put'yŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 앞발붙여돌려차기 Ap Mireo Chagi (Ap Mirŏ Ch'agi) 앞밀어차기 Ap Cha Olligi (Ap Ch'a Olligi) 앞차올리기 Jakgyo Chagi (Chakkyo Ch'agi) 작교차기 Jakgyo Ap Chagi (Chakkyo Ap Ch'agi) 작교앞차기 39

40 Holding Twisting Kick Holding Roundhouse (Turning) Kick Holding Side Kick Holding Axe (Downward) Kick Hook Kick (front foot hooking kick) Jump Kick (both feet leave the ground at the same time) Jump Both Feet Kick (Twin Kick) Mixed Kicks Multi-Direction Kicks Outer Kick (outer crescent kick, inside to outside kick) Pushing Kick Pushing Front Kick Pushing Side Kick (Cut Kick) Roundhouse Kick (Turning Kick) Flying Roundhouse Kick Jakgyo Biteureo Chagi (Chakkyo Pit'ŭrŏ Ch'agi) 작교비틀어차기 Jakgyo Dollyeo Chagi (Chakkyo Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 작교돌려차기 Jakgyo Yeop Chagi (Chakkyo Yŏp Ch'agi) 작교옆차기 Jakgyo Naeryeo Chagi (Chakkyo Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 작교내려차기 Naga Chagi (Naga Ch agi) 낙아차기 Ttwieo Chagi (Ttwiŏ Ch'agi) 뛰어차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Bal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발차기 Seokkeo Chagi (Sŏkkŏ Ch'agi) 섞어차기 Dabanghyang Chagi (Tabanghyang Ch'agi) 다방향차기 Bakkat Chagi (Pakkat Ch'agi) 바깥차기 Mireo Chagi (Mirŏ Ch'agi) 밀어차기 Mireo Ap Chagi (Mirŏ Ap Ch'agi) 밀어앞차기 Mireo Yeop Chagi (Mirŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 밀어옆차기 Dollyeo Chagi (Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌려차기 I Dan Dollyeo Chagi (I Tan Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 이단돌려차기 40

41 Jumping Roundhouse Kick Roundhouse Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Instep Roundhouse Kick Scissors Kick (Split Kick) Side Kick Side Rising Kick (Side Stretch Kick) Skipping Kicks (rear foot moves forward and front foot kicks) Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Skipping Side Kick Skipping Spin Hook Kick Spin Hook Kick Split Kick (Scissor Kick) Spin Roundhouse Kick (Tornado Roundhouse Kick, Nado Bahn) Spin In Kick (Chonkwon #22-1,2,3) Ttwieo Dollyeo Chagi (Ttwiŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 뛰어돌려차기 Ap Chuk Dollyeo Chagi (Ap Ch'uk Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 앞축돌려차기 Bal Deung Dollyeo Chagi (Pal Tŭng Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 발등돌려차기 Gawi Chagi (Kawi Ch agi) 가위차기 Yeop Chagi (Yŏp Ch'agi) 옆차기 Yeop Cha Olligi (Yŏp Ch'a Olligi) 옆차올리기 Bal Butyeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여차기 Bal Butyeo Dollyeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여돌려차기 Bal Butyeo Yeop Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 발붙여옆차기 Bal Butyeo Huryeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Huryŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여후려차기 (Onmomdollyeo) Huryeo Chagi ((Onmomdollyŏ) Huryŏ Ch'agi) ( 온몸돌려 ) 후려차기 Gawi Chagi (Kawi Ch agi) 가위차기 Dolgae Chagi /Dolgae Dollyeo Chagi (Tolgae Ch'agi)/( Tolgae Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌개차기 / 돌개돌려차기 Dolgae An Chagi (Tolgae An Ch'agi) 돌개안차기 41

42 360º Tornado Kick Sam Baek Yun Ship Do Dolgae Chagi 360 도돌개차기 540º Tornado Kick Oh Baek Sa Ship Do Dolgae Chagi 540 도돌개차기 720º Tornado Kick Ch il Baek Yi Ship Do Dolgae Chagi 720 도돌개차기 Stamping Kick Target Kick Target In Kick (Taegeuk 7 Jang #21-1) Turning Kick (Roundhouse Kick) Twin Kick (jumping and performing the same kick with both feet) Twist Kick Twin Front Kick Twin Side Kick Gulleo Chagi (Kullŏ Ch'agi) 굴러차기 Pyojeok Chagi (P'yojŏk Ch'agi) 표적차기 Pyojeok An Chagi (P'yojŏk An Ch'agi) 표적안차기 Dollyeo Chagi (Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌려차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Pal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Ap Pal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발앞차기 Twieo Yang Bal Yeop Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Pal Yŏp Ch'agi) 뛰어양발옆차기 Bitureo Chagi (Pit'ŭrŏ Ch'agi) 비틀어차기 42

43 Special Techniques (Teuksupum 특수품 ) Special Techniques fall outside of the normal categories of other techniques. They are most commonly pushing techniques or techniques that reguire both hands at the same time. Barrel Pushing (Koryo Ready Position) Big Hinge (Keumgang #9) Boulder Pushing (Shipjin #15) Mountain Pushing (Chonkwon #25-4) Smaller Hinge (Keumgang #10-1) Wing Spreading (Chonkwon #1) Tong Milgi (T'ong Milgi) 통밀기 Keundol Jjeogwi (K'ŭndol Tchŏgwi) 큰돌쩌귀 Pawi Milgi (P'awi Milgi) 파위밀기 Taesan Milgi (T'aesan Milgi) 태산밀기 Jageun Dol Jjeogwi (Chakŭn Tol Tchŏgwi) 작은돌쩌귀 Nalgae Pyeogi (Nalgae P'yŏgi) 날개펴기 43

44 Competition Terminology (Shi hap 시합 ) These are the most common terms used in sparring. They are generally found in the competition arena, but also pertain to the classroom. Attention Begin (start, commence) Blue contestant Blue contestant mark Bout or match Bow Break Caution Contestant Continue Deduction (minus point) Disqualification Enter (sparring competition, literally means to enter a courtroom) Enter, also means Advance or Participate (poomsae competition) Charyeot (Ch'aryŏt) 차렷 Sijak (Shijak) 시작 Cheong Seonsu (Ch'ŏng Sŏnsu) 청선수 Cheong Wichi (Ch'ŏng Wich'i) 청위치 Sihap (Shihap) 시합 Gyeongnye (Kyŏngnye) 경례 Gallyeo (Kallyŏ) 갈려 Juwi (Chuwi) 주위 Seonsu (Sŏnsu) 선수 Gyesok (Kyesok) 계속 Gamjeom (Kamjŏm) 감점 Silgyeok (Shilgyŏk) 실격 Ip Jang (Ip Chang) 입장 Chul Jeon (Ch'ul Chŏn) 출전 44

45 Exit (Poomsae) Injury Injury time out Judge Protective equipment Shin Guard Forearm Guard Groin Guard (cup) Foot Guard (instep protector/e-sock) Fist/Hand Guard (glove) Head Guard (helmet) Recorder Red contestant Red contestant mark Referee Toe Jang (T'oe Chang) 퇴장 (WTF Romanizes this as: Tuaejahng, which is not considered correct) Busang (Pusang) 부상 Sigan (Shigan) 시간 Busim (Pushim) 부심 Hogu (generally the chest protector) 호구 Da-ri Bohodae (Ta-ri Pohodae) 다리보호대 Pal Bohodae (P'al Pohodae) 팔보호대 Nangsim Bohodae (Nangshim Pohodae) 낭심보호대 Bal Bohodae (Pal Pohodae) 발보호대 Son Bohodae (Son Pohodae) 손보호대 Meo-ri Bohodae (Mŏ-ri Pohodae) 머리보호대 Girok (Kirok) 기록 Hong Seonsu (Hong Sŏnsu) 홍선수 Hong Wichi (Hong Wich'i) 홍위치 Jusim (Chushim) 주심 45

46 Round Start Show Score (Poomsae) Stop Timer Time out Warning Weight Winner Hoejeon (Hoejŏn) 회전 Sijak (Shijak) 시작 Pyochul (P'yoch'ul) 표출 Geuman (Kŭman) 그만 Gae-si (Kae-si) 개시 Gye-si (Kye-si) 계시 Gyeonggo (Kyŏnggo) 경고 Chegeup (Ch'egŭp) 체급 Seung (Sŭng) 승 46

47 Weapons Terminology (Mu Ki 무기 ) Weapons are not normally part of Kukkiwon Taekwondo training, but many schools do have weapons training. Most schools still use the Japanese terminology for these weapons instead of Korean. This section gives the Korean term for the most common weapons. Bayonet Chonggeom 총검 Cane Ji Pang (Chi P'ang) 지팡 Fan Bu Chaei (Pu Ch'aei) 부채이 Knife Kal (K al) 칼 Pistol Gwonchong 권총 Sickle Nat 낫 Spear Jang (Chang) 장 Staff Jang Bong (Chang Bong) 장봉 Kin Makdae 긴막대 Sticks Dan Bong 단봉 Jjareun Makdae 짤은막대 Sword Geum (Kŭm) 금 Kin Kal 긴칼 47

48 Additional Terminology (Ch u-ga yong-ŏ 추가용어 ) These are words that do not fit in any of the previous categories, but are commonly found in Taekwondo. Attack Balance Breathing Center Of Gravity Certain Victory Certificate Dan Certificate (Black Belt) Defensive End Etiquette Flag Flexibility Focus Power and Energy Force Gonggyeok (Konggyŏk) 공격 Jungsim (Chungshim) 중심 Hoheup (Hohŭp) 호흡 Jungnyeok Jungsim (Chungnyŏk Chungshim) 중력중심 Pilseung (P'ilsŭng) 필승 Jagyeok Jeung (Chagyŏk Chŭng) 자격증 Dan Jeung (Dan Chŭng) 단증 Bangeojeogin (Pangŏjŏgin) 방어적인 Kkeut (Kkŭt) 끝 Yejeol (Yejŏl 예절 Gukgi (Kukki) 국기 Sinchuk (Shinch'uk) 신축 Gihap (Kihap) 기합 Him 힘 48

49 Form (Pattern) Pumsae (P'umsae) Altough not correct, the Kukkiwon has chosen to Romanize this as Poomsae 품새 Grade Certificate (Color Belt) Geup Jeung (Kŭp Chŭng) Incorrect Injury Junior Life Energy Martial Art Mirror Offensive Pattern (Form) Push Ups Rank Rising Rules Senior Speed 급증 Teullim (T'ŭllim) 틀림 Busang (Pusang) 부상 Hubae 후배 Gi (Ki) 기 Musul 무술 Geoul (Kŏul) 거울 Gonggyeokjeogin (Konggyŏkchŏgin) 공격적인 Pumsae (P'umsae) 품새 Momtong Batchim (Momt'ong Patch'im) 몸통받침 Pumgye (P'umgye) 품계 Olligi 올리기 Gyujeong (Kyujŏng) 규정 Seonbae (Sŏnbae) 선배 Sok-Do 속도 49

50 Stomping On The Instep (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) Stretching Jitjjiki (Chittchik'i) 짓찧기 Pyeogi (P'yŏgi) 펴기 Strong Ganghan (Kanghan) 강한 Student Suryeonsaeng (Suryŏnsaeng) 수련생 Technique Dongjak (Tongjak) 동작 Test (Exam) Test Judge Siheom (Shihŏm) 시험 Simsawi (Shimsawi) 심사위 Test Judge Committee Simsawiwon (Shimsawiwŏn) 심사위원 Training Suryeon(Suryŏn) 수련 Training Hall Dojang (Tojang) 도장 Upward Ollyeo (Ollyŏ) 올려 Weak Yakan (Yak'an) 약한 50

51 Terminology Alphabetical in English A Absorbing Block Abdomen About Face (Stationary Turn) Achilles Heel Achilles Tendon Adam s Apple Again Ankle Ankle Grasp Ankle Joint Arc Hand Block Arc Hand Strike (Koryo) ( there are 2 different terms for this technique) Arc Hand Wrist Grasp Bada Makgi (Pada Makki) 받아막기 Bok-Bu (Pok-Pu) 복부 Dwi-ro do-ra (Twi-ro do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Dwi-Jjok Gyak-Jeom (Twi-Tchok Kyak-Chŏm) 뒤쪽약점 Dwi Jjok Himjul (Twit Chok Himjul) 뒤쪽힘줄 Gyo-Hu (Kyo-Hu) 교후 Dashi (Tashi) 다시 Balmok (Pal-Mok) 발목 Balmok Japgi (Palmok Chapki) 발목잡기 Balmok Gwan-Jeol (Palmok Kwan-Jŏl) 발목관절 Ageum Son Makgi (Agŭm Son Makki) 아금손막기 Agwi Son Kaljaebi (Agwison K'alchaebi) 아귀손칼재비 Ageum Son Chigi (Agŭm Son Ch'igi) 아금손치기 Ageum Son Palmok Japgi (Agŭm Son P'almok Chapki) 아금손팔목잡기 51

52 Arc Kick (Half Turning Kick, Pi Chagi ) Arch Of The Foot Arm Armpit Artery Assistant Instructor Assisted Block Assisted Inner Forearm Face Block Assisted Low Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #18) Assisted Outer Forearm Body Block Assisted Stance (Hansu #11) At Ease (stand at ease) At Ease Stance Attack Pan Dollyeo Chagi (P'an Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 판돌려차기 Bal Nal Deung (Pal Nal Tŭng) 발날등 Pal (P al) 팔 Gyeodeurangi (Kyŏdŭrangi) 겨드랑이 Dong Maek (Tong Maek) 동맥 Bu sa-beom (Pu sa-pŏm) 부사범 Geodeureo Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 거들어막기 Geodeureo An Palmok Eolgul Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ An P'almok Ŏlgul Makki) 거들어안팔목얼굴막기 Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 거들어내려막기 Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 거들어아래막기 Geodeureo Bakkat Palmok Momtong Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Pakkat P'almok Momt'ong Makki) 거들어바깥팔목몸통막기 Gyeotda-Ri Seogi (Kyŏtta-Ri Sŏgi) 곁다리서기 Swieo (Shwiŏ) 쉬어 Pyeonhi Seogi (P'yŏnhi Sŏgi) 편히서기 Gonggyeok (Konggyŏk) 공격 52

53 Attention Cha-ryeot (Ch'a-ryŏt) 차렷 Attention Stance Ax Kick (Downward Kick) Charyeot Seogi (Ch'aryŏt Sŏgi) 차렷서기 Naeryeo Chagi (Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 내려차기 B Back (of the torso) Back Attention Stance Back Fist Downward Strike Back Fist Front Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #6-2) Back Fist Outer Strike (Taegeuk 7 Jang #20) Back Fist Strike Back Foot Counter Kick Back Hand Strike Back Kick Back Punch (done over the shoulder) Deung (Tŭng) 등 Dwichuk Moa Seogi (Twich'uk Moa Sŏgi) 뒤축모아서기 Deung Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 등주먹내려치기 Deung Jumeok Ap Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Ap Ch'igi) 등주먹앞치기 Deung Jumeok Bakkat Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Pakkat Ch'igi) 등주먹바깥치기 Deung Jumeok Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Ch'igi) 등주먹치기 Dwit Bal Bada Chagi (Twit Pal Pada Ch'agi) 뒷발받아차기 Son Deung Chigi (Son Tŭng Ch'igi) 손등치기 Dwi Chagi (Twi Ch'agi) 뒤차기 Dwi Jireugi (Twi Chirŭgi) 뒤지르기 53

54 Back Stance (L Stance) Back Turn Step Dwit Gubi (Twit Kubi) 뒷굽이 Dwi Dora Ditgi (Twi Tora Titki) 뒤돌아딛기 Backwards Stepping (sliding backwards without switching the feet/woojin) Balance Ball Of The Foot (fore sole) Barrel Pushing (Koryo Ready Position) Barrel Pushing Ready Stance (Koryo) Basic Ready Stance (Taegeuk 1-8) Bear Hand Strike Begin (start, commence) Belt Colors Big Hinge (Keumgang #9) Black Black Belt Black Belt Dan Ranking Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Mullŏ Tora Titki) 물러돌아딛기 Jungsim (Chungshim) 중심 Ap Kkum Chi (Ap Kkum Ch'i) 앞꿈치 Tong Milgi (T'ong Milgi) 통밀기 Tong Milgi Junbi Seogi (T'ong Milgi Junbi Sŏgi) 통밀기준비서기 Gibon Junbi Seogi (Kibon Chunbi Sŏgi) 기본준비서기 Gom Son Chigi (Kom Son Ch'igi) 곰손치기 Sijak (Shijak) 시작 Tti-saek (Tti-saek) 띠색 Keundol Jjeogwi (K'ŭndol Tchŏgwi) 큰돌쩌귀 Geo-meun (Kŏ-mŭn) 검은 Geo-meun tti (Kŏ-mŭn tti) 검은띠 Dan 단 54

55 Blood Blue Blue Belt Blue Belt With Red Stripe Blue contestant Blue contestant mark Body Body Block (inner block, trunk block, front block) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #6) Bone Boulder Pushing (Shipjin #15) Bout or match Bow (Salute) Bow To The Instructor Bow Wrist Block Bow Wrist Lifting Body Block Bow Wrist Strike Pi (P i) 피 Cheong (Ch'ŏng) 청 Cheong tti (Ch'ŏng tti) 청 Cheong tti-e hong seon (Ch'ŏng tti-e hong sŏn) 청띠에홍선 Cheong Seonsu (Ch'ŏng Sŏnsu) 청선수 Cheong Wichi (Ch'ŏng Wich'i) 청위치 Mom 몸 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Ppyeo (Ppyŏ) 뼈 Pawi Milgi (P'awi Milgi) 파위밀기 Sihap (Shihap) 시합 Gyeong-nye (Kyŏng-nye) 경례 Sa-beom-nim-kke gyeong-nye (Sa-bŏm-nim-kke gyŏng-nye) 사범님께경례 Gupin Sonmok Makgi (Kup'in Sonmok Makki) 굽힌손목막기 Gupin Son Momtong Chukyeo Makgi (Kup'in Son Momt'ong Ch'uk'yŏ Makki) 굽힌손몸통추켜막기 Gupin Sonmok Chigi (Kup'in Sonmok Ch'igi) 굽힌손목치기 55

56 Brachial Plexus Break (separate fighters) Breathing Bridge Of The Nose Bull Block (Shipjin #1) Sangwan Singyeong (Sangwan Shin'gyŏng) 상완신경 Gallyeo (Kallyŏ) 갈려 Hoheup (Hohŭp) 호흡 Migan 미간 Hwang-So Makgi (Hwangso Makki) 황소막기 C Cane Ji Pang (Chi P'ang) 지팡 Carotid Artery Cat Stance (Tiger Stance) Caution Center Of Gravity Certain Victory Certificate Change (as in switch feet or switch hands) Change Direction Mok Dongmaek (Mok Tongmaek) 목동맥 Beom Seogi (Pŏm Sŏgi) 범서기 Juwi (Chuwi) 주위 Jungnyeok Jungsim (Chungnyŏk Chungshim) 중력중심 Pilseung (P'ilsŭng) 필승 Jagyeok Jeung (Chagyŏk Chŭng) 자격증 Ba kkum (Pa kkum) 바꿈 Bang hyang bakkugi (Pang hyang Pakkugi) 방향바꾸기 56

57 Cheek Gwangdae (Kwangdae) 광대 Chest Chin Clavicle Closed Stance Coccyx Colors Contestant Continue Counter Kick Covered Fist Ready Stance (#11 In Taegeuk 7, Ready Position In Ilyeo) Crane Diamond Block (Keumgang #8) Crane Stance (Keumgang #8) Cross Block Cross Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) Gaseum (Kasŭm) 가슴 Teok (T ŏk) 턱 Swaegol 쇄골 Moa Seogi (Moa Sŏgi) 모아서기 Migol 미골 Saek 색 Seonsu (Sŏnsu) 선수 Gyesok (Kyesok) 계속 Bada Chagi (Pada Ch'agi) 받아차기 Bojumeok Junbi Seogi (Po Jomŏk Chunbi Sŏgi) 보조먹준비서기 Hakda-Ri Geumgang Makgi (Hakta-Ri Kŭmgang Makki) 학다리금강막기 Hakda-Ri Seogi (Hakta-Ri Sŏgi) 학다리서기 Eotgeoreo Makgi (Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 엇걸어막기 Kkoa Seogi (Kkoa Sŏgi) 꼬아서기 57

58 Cross Underneath Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #16 And #19) Crouching Stance (Riding Stance) (Keumgang #9) Cut Kick (Pushing Side Kick) Eotgeoreo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 엇걸어내려막기 Eotgeoreo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Arae Makki) 엇걸어아래막기 Juchum Seogi (Chuch'um Sŏgi) 주춤서기 Mireo Yeop Chagi (Mirŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 밀어옆차기 D Dan Certificate (Black Belt) Deduction (minus point) Defensive Diamond Block (Keumgang #8) Diamond Forward Punch (Jitae #11) Diamond Inner Forearm Middle Block (Taebaek #9) Dan Jeung (Dan Chŭng) 단증 Gamjeom (Kamjŏm) 감점 Bangeojeogin (Pangŏjŏgin) 방어적인 Geumgang Makgi (Kŭmgang Makki) 금강막기 Geumgang Ap Jireugi (Kŭmgang Ap Chirŭgi) 금강앞지르기 Geumgang An Palmok Momtong Makgi (Kŭmgang An P'almok Momt'ong Makki) 금강안팔목몸통막기 Diamond Knife Hand Outward Block Sonnal Geumgang Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Kŭmgang Pakkat Makki) Diamond Outer Block Diamond Side Punch (Chonkwon #21) 손날금강바깥막기 Geumgang Bakkat Makgi (Kŭmgangbakkat Makki) 금강바깥막기 Geumgang Yeop Jireugi (Kŭmgang Yŏp Chirŭgi) 금강옆지르기 58

59 Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Shaped Punch (old term was u-shaped punch) Dismissed Disqualification Double Front Kick (Taegeuk 8 Jang #3-1, First Double Kick) Double Hammer Fist Inward Strike (Hansu #2) Double Kick (kicking low with the back foot first and then immediately kicking high with the front foot) Double Knifehand Inward Strike Downward (low) Twist Block Downward Kick (Ax Kick) Downward Punch Downward Strike Drawing Up Block Oblique Stepping Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Jireugi (Digeut Cha Chirŭgi) ㄷ 자지르기 Hae-san 해산 Silgyeok (Shilgyŏk) 실격 Du Bal Dang Seong Ap Chagi (Tubal Tangsŏng Ap Ch'agi) 두발당성앞차기 Du Mae Jumeok An Chigi (Tu Mae Chumŏk An Ch'igi) 두매주먹안치기 Du Bal Dang Seong Chagi (Tu Pal Tang Sŏng Ch'agi) 두발당성차기 Du Sonnal An Chigi (Tu Sonnal An Ch'igi) 두손날안치기 Biteureo Naeryeo Makgi (Pit'ŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 비틀어내려막기 Naeryeo Chagi (Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 내려차기 Naeryeo Jiruegi (Naeryŏ Chirŭgi) 내려지르기 Naeryeo Chigi (Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 내려치기 Geuryeo Olligi Makgi (Kŭryŏ Olligi Makki) 그려올리기막기 Mo Dora Ditgi (Mo Tora Titki) 모돌아딛기 59

60 E Ear Eighth Dan Elbow (general) Elbow (towards forearm) Elbow Downward Strike Elbow Joint Elbow Side Strike (Koryo #20-2) Elbow Strike Elbow Target Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #16) End Enter (sparring competition, literally means to enter a courtroom) Enter, also means Advance or Participate (poomsae competition) Etiquette Exit (Poomsae) Eye Gwi (Kwi) 귀 Pal Dan (P'al Dan) 팔단 Palkkumchi (P'alkkumch'i) 팔꿈치 Palgup (P algup) 팔굽 Palgup Naeryeo Chigi (P'algup Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽내려치기 Palgup Gwanjeol (P'algup Kwanjŏl) 팔굽관절 Palgup Yeop Chigi (P'algup Yŏp Ch'igi) 팔굽옆치기 Palgup Chigi (P'algup Ch'igi) 팔굽치기 Palgup Pyojeok Chigi (P'algup P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 팔굽표적치기 Kkeut (Kkŭt) 끝 Ip Jang (Ip Chang) 입장 Chul Jeon (Ch'ul Chŏn) 출전 Yejeol (Yejŏl 예절 Toe Jang (T'oe Chang) 퇴장 (WTF Romanizes this as: Tuae-jahng, which is not considered correct) Nun 눈 60

61 Eyeball Eyes (general area) Angu 안구 Anbu 안부 F Face Face Block (High Block) Face Wedging Block Fan Eolgul (Ŏlgul) 얼굴 Ollyeo Makgi (Ollyŏ Makki) (New Term) 올려막기 Eolgul Makgi (Ŏlgul Makki) (Old Term) 얼굴막기 Eolgul Hechyeo Makgi (Ŏlgul Hech'yŏ Makki) 얼굴헤쳐막기 Bu Chaei (Pu Ch'aei) 부채이 Femur Fibula Fifth Dan Fighting Stance Finger Finger Tip Fingertip Thrust (All Fingers) Tae Toegol (T'ae T'oegol) 태퇴골 Pigol (P igol) 피골 O Dan 오단 Gyeorumse Seogi (Kyŏrumse Sŏgi) 겨룸세서기 Songarak (Son'garak) 손가락 Pyeon Sonkkeut (P'yŏn Sonkkŭt) 편손끝 Modeum Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Modŭm Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모듬손끝찌르기 61

62 Fingertip Thrust (Three Fingers) Fingertip Thrust (Two Fingers Together) Fingertip Thrust (two fingers apart, also called scissor finger tip thrust) Fingertip Thrust (One Finger) First Dan First Poom (Junior Black Belt) Fist Fist/Hand Guard (glove) Flag Flat Fist Punch Flexibility Flying Front Kick Flying Kick (second level kicks; rear foot leave the ground first then the front foot kicks) Flying Roundhouse Kick Flying Side Kick Moeun Se Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Moŭn Se Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모은세손끝찌르기 Moeun Du Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Moŭn Tu Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모은두손끝찌르기 Gawi Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Kawi Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 가위손끝찌르기 Han Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Han Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 한손끝찌르기 Il Dan 일단 Il Pum (Il P um) 일품 Jumeok (Chumŏk) 주먹 Son Bohodae (Son Pohodae) 손보호대 Gukgi (Kukki) 국기 Pyeon Jumeok Jireugi (P'yŏn Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 편주먹지르기 Sinchuk (Shinch'uk) 신축 I Dan Ap Chagi (I Tan Ap Ch'agi) 이단앞차기 I Dan Chagi (I Tan Ch'agi) 이단차기 I Dan Dollyeo Chagi (I Tan Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 이단돌려차기 I Dan Yeop Chagi (I Tan Yŏp Ch'agi) 이단옆차기 62

63 Focus Power and Energy Foot Foot Blade Foot Blade Low Block (leg checking) Foot Guard (instep protector/e-sock) Foot Sole Absorbing Block Force Forearm Guard Forearm Forehead Fork Punch (Shipjin # S 21-2, 22-2, 27, 28) Form (Pattern) Forward Cross Stance Forward Crouching Stance Forward Inflection (Bent Knee) Stance (Front Stance) (Taegeuk 2 Jang #2) Forward Stance (Walking Stance) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #1) Gihap (Kihap) 기합 Bal (Pal) 발 Bal Nal (Pal Nal) 발날 Arae Bada Makgi (Arae Pada Makki) 아래바다막기 Bal Bohodae (Pal Pohodae) 발보호대 Bal Badak Bada Makgi (Pal Padakpada Makki) 발바닥받아막기 Him 힘 Pal Bohodae (P'al Pohodae) 팔보호대 Palmok (P almok) 팔목 I Ma 이마 Chetda-Ri Jireugi (Ch'etta-Ri Chirŭgi) 쳇다리지르기 Pumsae (P'umsae) Altough not correct, the Kukkiwon has chosen to Romanize this as Poomsae 품새 Ap Kkoa Seogi (Ap Kkoa Sŏgi) 앞꼬아서기 Ap Juchum Seogi (Ap Chuch'um Sŏgi) 앞주춤서기 Ap Gubi (Ap Kubi) 앞굽이 Ap Seogi (Ap Sŏgi) 앞서기 63

64 Forward Stepping (sliding forward without switching the feet/chunjin) Fourth Dan Fourth Poom (Junior Black Belt) Front Block (inner block, outside to inside block) Front Foot Axe Kick Front Foot Backwards Step (front foot pulls back to the rear foot and then the rear foot steps back) Front Foot Counter Kick Front Foot Forward Step (the front foot steps forward and the rear foot pull up) Front Foot Front Kick Front Foot Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Front Kick Front Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Front Kick With The Heel Front Pushing Kick Nae Dora Ditgi (Nae Tora Titki) 내돌아딛기 Sa Dan 사단 Sa Pum (Sa P um) 사품 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Ap Bal Naeryeo Chagi (Ap Pal Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 앞발내려차기 Ap Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Ap Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 앞발물러돌아딛기 Ap Bal Bada Chagi (Ap Pal Pada Ch'agi) 앞발받아차기 Ap Bal Nae Ditgi (Ap Pal Nae Titki) 앞발내딛기 Ap Bal Ap Chagi (Ap Pal Ap Ch'agi) 앞발앞차기 Ap Bal Butyeo Dollyeo Chagi (Ap Pal Put'yŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 앞발붙여돌려차기 Ap Chagi (Ap Ch'agi) 앞차기 Ap Chuk Ap Chagi (Ap Ch'uk Ap Ch'agi) 앞축앞차기 Dwi Chuk Ap Chagi (Wi Ch'uk Ap Ch'agi) 뒤축앞차기 Ap Mireo Chagi (Ap Mirŏ Ch'agi) 앞밀어차기 64

65 Front Rising Kick (Front Stretch Kick) Front Stance (Taegeuk 2 Jang #2) Ap Cha Olligi (Ap Ch'a Olligi) 앞차올리기 Ap Gubi (Ap Kubi) 앞굽이 G Grade Certificate (Color Belt) Grasping Green Green Belt Green Belt With Blue Stripe Groin Groin Guard (cup) Geup Jeung (Kŭp Chŭng) 급증 Japgi (Chapki) 잡기 Cho-rok (Ch o-rok) 초록 Cho-rok tti (Ch o-rok tti) 초록띠 Cho-rok tti-e cheong-seon (Ch'o-rok tti-e ch'ŏng-sŏn) 초록띠에청선 Nangsim (Nangshim) 낭심 Nangsim Bohodae (Nangshim Pohodae) 낭심보호대 H Hammer Fist Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) Mae Jumeok Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Ch'igi) 매주먹치기 Mae Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 매주먹내려치기 Mae Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 매주먹내려치기 65

66 Hammer Fist Flank Strike Hammer Fist Target Strike (Jitae #18) Hand Hand Blade Hand Blade Block (knife hand guard block, twin knife hand block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1) Hand Blade Face Cross Block (high knife hand x-block) Hand Blade Low Block (low knife hand guard block) (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) Hand Blade Wedging Body Block Head Head Grasp Head Guard (helmet) Head Of The School Heart Mae Jumeok Yeop Gu-Ri Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Yŏp Ku-Ri Ch'igi) 매주먹옆구리치기 Mae Jumeok Pyojeok Chigi (Mae Chumŏk P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 매주먹표적치기 Son 손 Son Nal 손날 Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날거들어막기 Sonnal Eolgul Eotgeoreo Makgi (Sonnal Ŏlgul Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날거들어내려막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 손날거들어아래막기 Sonnal Momtong Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Momt'ong Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날몸통헤쳐막기 Meo-Ri (Mŏ-Ri) 머리 Meo-Ri Japgi (Mŏ-Ri Chapki) 머리잡기 Meo-ri Bohodae (Mŏ-ri Pohodae) 머리보호대 Gwan-jang (Kwan-jang) 관장 Simjang (Shimjang) 심장 66

67 Heel (back below achilles tendon) Heel (Back Sole) High Hand Blade X-Block Hip Holding Axe (Downward) Kick Holding Front Kick Holding Kick (holding the opponent with the hand and kicking; see grasping techniques) Holding Roundhouse (Turning) Kick Holding Side Kick Holding Twisting Kick Hook Kick (front foot hooking kick) Humerous Dwikkumchi (Twikkumch'i) 뒤꿈치 Dwichuk (Twich'uk) 뒤축 Sonnal Eolgul Eotgeoreo Makgi (Sonnal Ŏlgul Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 Eongdeongi (Ŏngdŏngi) 엉덩이 Jakgyo Naeryeo Chagi (Chakkyo Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 작교내려차기 Jakgyo Ap Chagi (Chakkyo Ap Ch'agi) 작교앞차기 Jakgyo Chagi (Chakkyo Ch'agi) 작교차기 Jakgyo Dollyeo Chagi (Chakkyo Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 작교돌려차기 Jakgyo Yeop Chagi (Chakkyo Yŏp Ch'agi) 작교옆차기 Jakgyo Biteureo Chagi (Chakkyo Pit'ŭrŏ Ch'agi) 작교비틀어차기 Naga Chagi (Naga Ch agi) 낙아차기 Sangbakgol (Sangbakkol) 상박골 I In Kick (inner crescent kick, outside to inside kick) Incorrect An Chagi (An Ch'agi) 안차기 Teullim (T'ŭllim) 틀림 67

68 Injury Injury time out Inner Forearm Assisted Block Inner Forearm Block Inner Forearm Outward Block (Jitae #1) Inner Forearm Face Outer Block Inner Forearm Twist Block Inner Forearm Upward Block (Shipjin #19) Inner Forearm Wedging Block (Keumgang #1) Inside To Outside Block (Outer Block) (Taegeuk 4, #9 And #11) Instep Instep Front Kick Instep Roundhouse Kick Busang (Pusang) 부상 Sigan (Shigan) 시간 An Palmok Geodeureo Makgi (An P'almok Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 안팔목거들어막기 An Palmok Makgi (An P'almok Makki) 안팔목막기 Anpalmok Bakkat Makgi (An P almok Pakkat Makki) 안파르ㅗㄱ바깥막기 An Palmok Eolgul Bakkat Makgi (An P'almok Ŏlgul Pakkat Makki) 안팔목얼굴바깥막기 An Palmok Biteureo Makgi (An P'almok Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 안팔목비틀어막기 Term #1: Kkeureo Olligi 끌어울리기 Term #2: An Palmok Ollyeo Makgi 알팔목올려막기 An Palmok Hechyeo Makgi (An P'almok Hech'yŏ Makki) 안팔목헤쳐막기 Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat Makki) 바깥막기 Bal Deung (Paltŭng) 발등 Bal Deung Ap Chagi (Pal Tŭng Ap Ch'agi) 발등앞차기 Bal Deung Dollyeo Chagi (Pal Tŭng Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 발등돌려차기 68

69 Instructor Inverted T Stance Inward Block (front block, outside to inside block) Inward Crouching Stance Inward Foot Arch Body Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Inward Stance Inward Strike Sa-beom (Sa-bŏm) 사범 Oja Seogi (Oja Sŏgi) 오자 ( ㅗ자 ) 서기 An Makgi (An Makki) 안막기 Anjjong Juchum Seogi (Antchong Chuch'um Sŏgi) 안쫑주춤서기 Momtong An Chyeonae Makgi (Momt'ong An Ch'yŏnae Makki) 몸통안쳐내막기 Anjjong Seogi (Antchong Sŏgi) 안쫑서기 An Chigi (An Ch'igi) 안치기 J Jaw Joint Judge Jump Both Feet Kick (Twin Kick) Jump Kick (both feet leave the ground at the same time) Jumping Front Kick Teok (T ŏk) 턱 Gwanjeol (Kwanjŏl) 관절 Busim (Pushim) 부심 Ttwieo Yang Bal Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Bal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발차기 Ttwieo Chagi (Ttwiŏ Ch'agi) 뛰어차기 Ttwieo Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Ap Ch'agi) 뛰어앞차기 69

70 Jumping Roundhouse Kick Jumping Two-Foot Front Kick Junior Ttwieo Dollyeo Chagi (Ttwiŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 뛰어돌려차기 Ttwieo Du Bal Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Tu Pal Ap Ch'agi) 뛰어두발앞차기 Hubae 후배 K Kidney Knee Knee Strike Knife Kongpat (K'ongp'at) 콩팥 Mureup (Murŭp) 무릎 Mureup Chigi (Murŭp Ch'igi) 무릎치기 Kal (K al) 칼 Knife Hand Downward Strike Knife Hand Guard Block (hand blade block, twin knife hand block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1 And #3) Knife Hand Inward Block (Keumgang #5) Knife Hand Low Block (single blade hand low block) (Koryo #25-2) Knife Hand Neck Strike (Taegeuk 3 Jang #5 &#6) Sonnal Naeryeo Chigi (Sonnal Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 손날내려치기 Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Sonnal Makki) 손날거들어막기 Sonnal An Makgi (Sonnal An Makki) 손날안막기 Sonnal Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Naeryŏ Makki) 손날내려막기 Sonnal Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Arae Makki) 손날아래막기 Sonnal Mok Chigi (Sonnal Mok Ch'igi) 손날목치기 70

71 Knife Hand Outer Strike (Koryo #2) Knife Hand Outward Block (Taegeuk 3 #7 & 9) Knife Hand Strike Knife Hand Upward Block (Jitae #6) Knuckle Knuckle Protruding Punch (index finger) Knuckle Protruding Punch (middle knuckle, Chonkwon #2-4) Sonnal Bakkat Chigi (Sonnal Pakkat Ch'igi) 손날바깥치기 Sonnal Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Pakkat Makki) 손날바깥막기 Sonnal Chigi (Sonnal Ch'igi) 손날치기 Sonnal Ollyeo Makgi (Sonnal Ollyŏ Makki) 손날올려막기 Son Madi 손마디 Jipge Soseum Jumeok Jireugi (Chipke Sosŭm Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 집게솟음주먹지르기 Soseum Jumeok Jireugi (Sosŭm Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 솟음주먹지르기 L L Stance (Back Stance) Layered Hand Ready Stance (Pyungwon, Chonkwon, Hansu) (also overlapped hands) Left Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2) Left Turning Step (left foot steps) Dwit Gubi (Twit Kubi) 뒷굽이 Gyeopson Junbi Seogi (Kyŏpson Junbi Sŏgi) 겹손준비서기 Oen Seogi (Oen Sŏgi) 왼서기 Oen Dora Ditgi (Oen Tora Titki) 왼돌아딛기 Leg Life Energy Line Up Dari (Tari) 다리 Gi (Ki) 기 Jul-lo-seo ( Chul-lo-sŏ) 줄로서 71

72 Lips Liver Low Block (Taegeuk 1 Jang #1) Low Knife Hand Guard Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) Low Twist Block Low Wedging Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Low X-Block (Shipjin #25) Lowered Stance (Old Style Riding Stance) Ipsul 입술 Ganjang (Kanjang) 간장 Naeryeo Makgi (Naeryŏ Makki) (New Term) 내려막기 Arae Makgi (Arae Makki ) (Old Term) 아래막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날거들어내려막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 손날거들어아래막기 Naeryeo Biteureo Makgi (New Term) (Naeryŏ Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 내려비틀어막기 Arae Biteureo Makgi (Old Term) (Arae Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 아래비틀어막기 Naeryeo Hechyeo Makgi (New Term) (Naeryŏ Hech'yŏ Makki) 내려헤쳐막기 Arae Hechyeo Makgi (Old Term) (Arae Hech'yŏ Makki) 아래헤쳐막기 Eotgeoreo Naeryeo Sonnal Makgi (New Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Naeryŏ Sonnal Makki) 엇걸어내려손날막기 Eotgeoreo Arae Sonnal Makgi (Old Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Arae Sonnal Makki) 엇걸어아래손날막기 Natchueo Seogi (Natch'uŏ Sŏgi) 낮추어서기 72

73 M Mandibula Martial Art Meditate Mirror Mixed Kicks Mountain Block (Keumgang #11) Mountain Pushing (Chonkwon #25-4) Mouth Multi-Direction Kicks Muscle Teokgwanjeol (T'ŏkkwanjŏl) 턱관절 Musul 무술 Mung-nyeom (Mung-nyŏm) 묵념 Geoul (Kŏul) 거울 Seokkeo Chagi (Sŏkkŏ Ch'agi) 섞어차기 Santeul Makgi (Sant'ŭl Makki) 산틀막기 Taesan Milgi (T'aesan Milgi) 태산밀기 Ip 입 Dabanghyang Chagi (Tabanghyang Ch'agi) 다방향차기 Geunyuk (Kŭnyuk) 근육 N Neck Neck Grasp Nerve Ninth Dan Mok 목 Mok Japgi (Mok Chapki) 목잡기 Sin Gyeong (Shin'gyŏng) 신경 Gu Dan (Ku Dan) 구단 73

74 Nose Ko (K o) 코 O Oblique Angle Crouching Stance Oblique Angle Stance Occipital Bone Offensive Open Hand Mountain Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Open Hand Scisors Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Outer Block (inside to outside block) Outer Forearm Outward Block (Taegeuk 6 #6 & 8) Outer Forearm Assisted Outer Block (Taegeuk 8 #1) Outer Forearm Face Block Mo Juchum Seogi (Mo Chuch'um Sŏgi) 모주춤서기 Mo Seogi (Mo Sŏgi) 모서기 Hudugol 후두골 Gonggyeokjeogin (Konggyŏkchŏgin) 공격적인 Pyeonson Santeul Makgi (P'yŏnson Sant'ŭl Makki) 편손산틀막기 Pyeonson Gawi Makgi (P'yŏnson Kawi Makki) 편손가위막기 Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat Makki) 바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Pakkat Makki) 바깥팔목바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok Geodeureo Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Kŏdŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 바깥팔목거들어바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul An Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul An Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴안막기 74

75 Outer Forearm Face Side Block Outer Forearm Face Twist Block Outer Kick (outer crescent kick, inside to outside kick) Outside To Inside Block (Inner Block) (Taegeuk 1 #6 And #8) Outer Forearm Inward Block (Taegeuk 1 #6) Outward Kick Face Block (outward crescent kick) Overlapped Hands Ready Stance (also layered hands) (Pyungwon) Bakkat Palmok Eolgul Yeop Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul Yŏp Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴옆막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul Biteureo Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴비틀어막기 Bakkat Chagi (Pakkat Ch'agi) 바깥차기 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Bakkat Palmok An Makgi (Pakkat P almok Makki) 바깥팔녹안막기 Eolgul Bakkat Chyeonae Makgi (Ŏlgul Pakkat Ch'yŏnae Makki) 얼굴바깥쳐내막기 Gyeopson Junbi Seogi (Kyŏpsŏn Chunbi Sŏgi) 겹선준비서기 P Palm Absorbing Block Palm Assisting Side Block (Shipjin #2) Palm Block (Taeguek 7 Jang #1) Palm Body Lifting Block Palm Heel Inward Block (Taegeuk 7 #1) Son Badak Bada Makgi (Son Padak Pada Makki) 손바닥받아막기 Son Badak Geodeureo Bakkat Makgi (Son Padak Kŏdŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 손바닥거들어바깥막기 Batang Son Makgi (Pat'ang Son Makki) 바탕손막기 Batang Son Chukyeo Makgi (Pat'ang Son Ch'uk'yŏ Makki) 바탕손추켜막기 Batangson An Makgi (Pat'ang Son An Makki) 바탕손안막기 75

76 Palm Pressing Block (Koryo #20-1) Palm Strike (Keumgang #2) Palm Supporting Inside Wrist Outward Block (Shipjin #2 & 7) Palm Upward Punch (Upset Punch) Parallel Stance (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Patella Pattern (Form) Pelvis Philtrun Pincer Punch Point Of The Chin Protective equipment Pulling Backfist Strike (Pyungwon #9-1) Pulling Elbow Strike Pulling Jaw Punch (Taegeuk 8 Jang # S 6 & 8) Batang Son Nulleo Makgi (Pat'ang Son Nullŏ Makki) 바탕손눌러막기 Batang Son Chigi (Pat'ang Son Ch'igi) 바탕손치기 Sonbadak Geodeureo Anpalmok Makgi (Sonbadak Kŏdŭnŏ Anp'almok Pakkat Makki) 손바닥거든어안팔목바깥막기 Jeochin Jumeok Jireugi (Chŏt'in Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 젖힌주먹지르기 Naranhi Seogi (Naranhi Sŏgi) 나란히서기 Seulgaegol (Sŭlgaegol) 슬개골 Pumsae (P'umsae) 품새 Gol Ban (Kol Ban) 골반 In Jung 인중 Jipge Jumeok Jireugi (Chipke Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 집게주먹지르기 Mit Teok (Mit T ŏk) 밑턱 Hogu (generally the chest protector) 호구 Danggyeo Deung Jumeok Chigi (Tanggyŏ Tŭng Chumŏk Ch'igi) 당겨등주먹치기 Danggyeo Palgup Chigi (Tanggyŏ P'algup Ch'igi) 당겨팔굽치기 Danggyeo Teok Jireugi (Tanggyŏ T'ŏk Chirŭgi) 당겨턱지르기 76

77 Pulling Strike Push Ups Pushing Front Kick Pushing Hands Ready Stance (Barrel Pushing) (Koryo) Pushing Kick Pushing Side Kick (Cut Kick) Danggyeo Chigi (Tanggyŏ Ch'igi) 당겨치기 Momtong Batchim (Momt'ong Patch'im) 몸통받침 Mireo Ap Chagi (Mirŏ Ap Ch'agi) 밀어앞차기 Tong Milgi Junbi Seogi (T'ong Milgi Chunbi Sŏgi) 통밀기준비서기 Mireo Chagi (Mirŏ Ch'agi) 밀어차기 Mireo Yeop Chagi (Mirŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 밀어옆차기 R Radius (bone) Rank Ready Ready Stance Rear Foot Backwards Step (rear foot steps first and pulls the front foot back) Rear Foot Forwards Step (rear foot slides up to the front foot and then the front foot steps forward) Recorder Red Yo Gol 요골 Pumgye (P'umgye) 품계 Jun-bi (Chun-bi) 준비 Junbi Seogi (Chunbi Sŏgi) 준비서기 Dwit Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Twit Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 뒷발물러돌아딛기 Dwit Bal Nae Ditgi (Twit Pal Nae Titki) 뒷발내딛기 Girok (Kirok) 기록 Hong 홍 77

78 Red Belt Red Belt With Black Stripe Red contestant Red contestant mark Referee Return (to a position, usually ready stance) Reverse Attention Stance Reverse Crane Stance (Ilyeo #6) Reverse Foot Blade (Arch) Lifting Block Reverse Foot Blade Inward Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Reverse Hand Blade Guard Block (ridge hand guarding block) (Shipjin #26) Reverse Hand Blade Low Block (low section ridge hand block) Reverse Hand Blade Strike (Ridge Hand Strike) Hong tti 홍띠 Hong-tti-e geo-meun seon (Hong-tti-e gŏ-mŭn sŏn) 홍띠에검은선 Hong Seonsu (Hong Sŏnsu) 홍선수 Hong Wichi (Hong Wich'i) 홍위치 Jusim (Chushim) 주심 Ba-ro (Pa-ro) 바로 Apchuk Moa Seogi (Apch'uk Moa Sŏgi) 앞축모아서기 Ogeum Seogi (Ogŭm Sŏgi) 오금서기 Aneu-Ro Geodeo Naegi Makgi (Anŭ-Ro Kŏdŏ Naegi Makki) 안으로걷어내기막기 Balnal Deung An Makki (Pal Nal Tŭng An Makki) 발날등안막기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날등거들어막기 Sonnal Deung Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Tŭng Naeryŏ Makki) 손날등내려막기 Sonnal Deung Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Tŭng Arae Makki) 손날등아래막기 Sonnal Deung Chigi (Sonnal Tŭng Ch'igi) 손날등치기 78

79 Reverse Hand Blade Wedging Block (Shipjin #16) Reverse Knife Hand (ridge hand) Assisted Downward Block Reverse Knife Hand Downward Strike Reverse Knife Hand Outward Block Reverse Knife Hand Outward Twist Block Reverse Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the front leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #2) Ribs Riding Stance (Crouching Stance) Right Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #4) Right Turning Step (right foot steps) Sonnal Deung Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날등헤쳐막기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날등거들어내려막기 Sonnal Deung Naeryeo Chigi (Sonnal Tŭng Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 손날등내려치기 Sonnal Deung Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Pakkat Makki) 순날등바깥막기 Sonnal Deung Biteureo Bakkat Makki (Sonnal Tŭng Pit'ŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 손날등비틀어바깥막기 Bandae Jireugi (Pandae Chirŭgi) 반대지르기 Gal Bi (Kal Bi) 갈비 Juchum Seogi (Chuch'um Sŏgi) 주춤서기 Oreun Seogi (Orŭn Sŏgi) 오른서기 Oreun Dora Ditgi (Orŭn Tora Titki) 오른돌아딛기 Rising Rising Elbow Strike (Pyungwon #5) Round Olligi 올리기 Palgup Ollyeo Chigi (P'algup Ollyŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽올려치기 Hoejeon (Hoejŏn) 회전 79

80 Roundhouse Kick (Turning Kick) Roundhouse Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Rules Dollyeo Chagi (Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌려차기 Ap Chuk Dollyeo Chagi (Ap Ch'uk Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 앞축돌려차기 Gyujeong (Kyujŏng) 규정 S Salute (Bow) Salute The National Flag Scissors Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #12-13) Scissors Kick (Split Kick) Second Dan Second Poom (Junior Black Belt) Senior Seventh Dan Shin Shin Absorbing Block Shin Guard Gyeong-nye (Kyŏng-nye) 경례 Guk-gi-e dae-ha-yeo gyeong-nye (Kuk-ki-e dae-ha-yŏ gyŏng-nye) 국기에대하여경례 Gawi Makgi (Kawi Makki) 가위막기 Gawi Chagi (Kawi Ch agi) 가위차기 I Dan 이단 I Pum (I P'um) 이품 Seonbae (Sŏnbae) 선배 Chil Dan (Ch il Dan) 칠단 Jeong Gan I (Chŏnggangi) 정강이 Junggangi Bada Makgi (Chŏnggangi Pada Makki) 정강이받아막기 Da-ri Bohodae (Ta-ri Pohodae) 다리보호대 80

81 Shin Underneath Block Shoulder Shoulder Grasp Show Score (Poomsae) Sickle Jeong Gangi Bada Makgi (Chŏng Gangi Pada Makki) 정강이바다막기 Eokkae (Ŏkkae) 어깨 Eokkae Japgi (Ŏkkae Chapki) 어깨잡기 Pyochul (P'yoch'ul) 표출 Nat 낫 Side Block Side Kick Side Punch Side Rising Kick (Side Stretch Kick) Side Rising Kick Face Block Side Stepping Yeop Makgi (Yŏp Makki) 옆막기 Yeop Chagi (Yŏp Ch'agi) 옆차기 Yeop Jireugi (Yŏp Chirŭgi) 옆지르기 Yeop Cha Olligi (Yŏp Ch'a Olligi) 옆차올리기 Eolgul Yeop Cha Ollyeo Makgi (Ŏlgul Yŏp Ch'a Ollyŏ Makki) 얼굴옆차올려막기 Yeop Ditgi (Yŏp Titki) 옆딛기 Single Blade Hand Block (Knife Hand Block) (Taegeuk 3 Jang #7) Single Blade Hand Low Block (knife hand low block) (Koryo #27-2) Sonnal Makgi (Sonnal Makki) 손날막기 Sonnal Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Naeryŏ Makki) 손날내려막기 Sonnal Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Arae Makki) 손날아래막기 81

82 Sit Sixth Dan Skipping Kicks (rear foot moves forward and front foot kicks) Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Skipping Side Kick Skipping Spin Hook Kick Skull Smaller Hinge (Keumgang #10-1) Solar Plexus Sole Of The Foot Sparring Ready Stance Spear An-jeo (An-jŏ) 앉어 Yuk Dan 육단 Bal Butyeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여차기 Bal Butyeo Dollyeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여돌려차기 Bal Butyeo Yeop Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 발붙여옆차기 Bal Butyeo Huryeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Huryŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여후려차기 Dugaegol (Tugaegol) 두개골 Jageun Dol Jjeogwi (Chakŭn Tol Tchŏgwi) 작은돌쩌귀 Myeong Chi (Myŏng-Ch i) 명치 Bal Badak (Pal Padak) 발바닥 Gyeorugi Junbi Seogi (KyŏrugiJunbi Sŏgi) 겨루기준비서기 Jang (Chang) 장 Spear Finger (hand vertical Taegeuk 4 Jang #2 & #4) Spear Finger (palm down, Shipjin #3-2) Spear Finger (Palm Up Koryo #18-3) Seun Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Seun P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 세운편손끝찌르기 Eopeo Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Ŏp'ŏ P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 엎어편손끝찌르기 Jeochin Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Chŏt'in P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 젖힌편손끝찌르기 82

83 Speed Spin Hook Kick Spin In Kick (Chonkwon #22-1,2,3) Spin Roundhouse Kick (Tornado Roundhouse Kick, Nado Bahn) Spinal Cord Spine Spleen Split Kick (Scissor Kick) Staff Stamping Kick Standing Punch (Vertical Punch) Start Stationary Turn (About Face) Stepping In Place (Bouncing) Sok-Do 속도 (Onmomdollyeo) Huryeo Chagi ((Onmomdollyŏ) Huryŏ Ch'agi) ( 온몸돌려 ) 후려차기 Dolgae An Chagi ( Tolgae An Ch'agi) 돌개안차기 Dolgae Chagi /Dolgae Dollyeo Chagi (Tolgae Ch'agi)/( Tolgae Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌개차기 / 돌개돌려차기 Cheokchu Singyeong (Ch ŏk-ch u Shin-Gyŏng) 척추신경 Cheokchu (Ch'ŏkch'u) 척추 Pi Jang (P i Jang) 피장 Gawi Chagi (Kawi Ch agi) 가위차기 Jang Bong (Chang Bong) 장봉 Gulleo Chagi (Kullŏ Ch'agi) 굴러차기 Seun Jumeok Jireugi (Seun Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 세운주먹지르기 Sijak (Shijak) 시작 Dwi-ro do-ra (Twi-ro do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Jeja-Ri Dora Ditgi (Cheja-Ri Tora Titki) 제자리돌아딛기 Sternum Hyeongol (Hyŏn'gol) 현골 83

84 Sticks Dan Bong 단봉 Stomping On The Instep (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) Stop Straight Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the rear leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #7) Stretching Strong Student Swallow Technique Jaw Strike Swallow Technique Neck Strike (Taegeuk 4 Jang #4, Taebaek #4) Sword Jitjjiki (Chittchik'i) 짓찧기 Geu-man ( Kŭ-man) 그만 Ba-Ro Jireugi (Pa-Ro Chirŭgi) 바로지르기 Pyeogi (P'yŏgi) 펴기 Ganghan (Kanghan) 강한 Suryeonsaeng (Suryŏnsaeng) 수련생 Jebi Pum Teok Chigi (Chebi P'um T'ŏk Ch'igi) 제비품턱치기 Jebi Pum Mok Chigi (Chebi P'um Mok Ch'igi) 제비품목치기 Geum (Kŭm) 금 T Target Block Target Low Block (Hansu #12) Pyojeok Makgi (P'yojŏk Makki) 표적막기 Pyojeok Naeryo Makgi (new term) (P'yojŏk Naeryŏ Makki) 표적내려막기 Pyojeok Arae Makgi (old term) (P'yojŏk Arae Makki) 표적아래막기 84

85 Target Elbow Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #16-2) Target In Kick (Taegeuk 7 Jang #21-1) Palgup Pyojeok Chigi (P'algup P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 팔굽표적치기 Pyojeok An Chagi (P'yojŏk An Ch'agi) 표적안차기 Target Kick Pyojeok Chagi (P'yojŏk Ch'agi) 표적차기 Target Punch (Koryo #17) Target Strike Pyojeok Jireugi (P'yojŏk Chirŭgi) 표적지르기 Pyojeok Chigi (P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 표적치기 Technique Dongjak (Tongjak) 동작 Temple No Ri 노리 Test (Exam) Test Judge Siheom (Shihŏm) 시험 Simsawi (Shimsawi) 심사위 Test Judge Committee Simsawiwon (Shimsawiwŏn) 심사위원 Third Dan Sam Dan 삼단 Third Poom (Junior Black Belt) Sam Pum (Sam P um) 삼품 Throat Mokgumeong (Mokkumŏng) 목구멍 Thumb Eomji Songarak (Ŏmji Son'garak) 엄지손가락 Tiger Stance (Cat Stance) Beom Seogi (Pŏm Sŏgi) 범서기 Time out Gye-si (Kye-si) 계시 Timer Gae-si (Kae-si) 개시 85

86 Toe Training Training Hall Trunk Block (Inner Block, Front Block) Trunk Of The Body Turn Around (Stationary Turn) Turning Elbow Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #10) Turning Kick (Roundhouse Kick) Turning Punch (Twist Punch) Turning Step (Il Bo Chunjin/Il Bo Woojin) Twin Fist Palm Upward Punch (Taegeuk 7 Jang #15-3) Twin Front Kick Twin Kick (jumping and performing the same kick with both feet) Twin Knife Hand Block (knife hand guard block, hand blade block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1) Twin Side Kick Balgarak (Palgarak) 발가락 Suryeon(Suryŏn) 수련 Do-jang (To-jang) 도장 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Momtong (Momt ong) 몸통 Dwi-ro Do-ra (Twi-ro Do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Palgup Dollyeo Chigi (P'algup Tollyŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽돌려치기 Dollyeo Chagi (Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌려차기 Dollyeo Jireugi (Tollyŏ Chirŭgi) 돌려지르기 Dora Ditgi (Tora Titki) 돌아딛기 Du Jumeok Jeochin Jireugi (Tu Chumŏk Chŏt'in Chirŭgi) 두주먹젖힌지르기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Ap Pal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발앞차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Pal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발차기 Geodeureo Sonnal Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Sonnal Makki) 거들어손날막기 Twieo Yang Bal Yeop Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Pal Yŏp Ch'agi) 뛰어양발옆차기 86

87 Twist Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #5) Twist Kick Two Fists On Hip Ready Stance (Ilyeo #18) Two Foot Backwards Step (both feet shift backwards at the same time) Two Foot Forwards Step (both feet shift forewards at the same time) Biteureo Makgi (Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 비틀어막기 Bitureo Chagi (Pit'ŭrŏ Ch'agi) 비틀어차기 Dujumeok Heori Junbi Seogi (Tu Jumŏk Hŏri Junbi Sŏgi) 두주먹허리준비서기 Du Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Tu Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 두발물러돌아딛기 Du Bal Nae Ditgi (Tu Pal Nae Titki) 두발내딛기 U Ulna Underneath Pull Out Block Upward Upward Block (Rising Block) (Taegeuk 1 #11 & 13) Upward Pull Out Block Upward Punch (Upper Cut) Cheokgol (Ch ŏk-gol) 척골 Miteu-Ro Ppaegi Makgi (Mit'ŭ-Ro Ppaegi Makki) 밑으로빼기막기 Ollyeo (Ollyŏ) 올려 Ollyeo Makgi (Sonnal Ollyŏ Makki) 올려막기 Wi-Ro Ppaegi Makgi (Wi-Ro Ppaegi Makki) 위로빼기막기 Chi Jireugi (Ch'i Chirŭgi) 치지르기 87

88 V Vertical Punch (Standing Punch) Seun Jumeok Jireugi (Seun Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 세운주먹지르기 W Waist Walking Stance (Forward Stance) Warning Weak Wedging Block Wedging Mountain Block (Pyungwon #11) Weight White White Belt White Belt With Yellow Stripe Wide Open Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #5) Windpipe Hoe-Ri (Hŏ-Ri) 허리 Ap Seogi (Ap Sŏgi) 앞서기 Gyeonggo (Kyŏnggo) 경고 Yakan (Yak'an) 약한 Hechyeo Makgi (Hech'yŏ Makki) 헤쳐막기 Hechyeo Santeul Makgi (Hech'yŏ Sant'ŭl Makki) 헤쳐산틀막기 Chegeup (Ch'egŭp) 체급 Huin (Hŭin) 흰 Huin tti (Hŭin tti) 흰띠 Huin tti-e no-ran seon (Hŭin tti-e no-ran-sŏn) 흰띠에노란선 Oe Santeul Makgi (Oe Sant'ŭl Makki) 외산틀막기 Sumtong (Sum-T ong) 숨통 88

89 Wing Punch Wing Spreading (Chonkwon #1) Winner Wrist Nalgae Jireugi (Nalgae Chirŭgi) 날개지르기 Nalgae Pyeogi (Nalgae P'yŏgi) 날개펴기 Seung (Sŭng) 승 Son Mok 손목 Y Yellow Yellow Belt Yellow Belt With Green Stripe Yoke Hit (Shipjin #6) Yoke Pull Out Block No-rang 노랑 No-ran tti 노란띠 No-ran tti-e cho-rok seon (No-ran-tti-e ch'o-rok sŏn) 노란띠에초록선 Meonge Chigi (Mŏnge Ch'igi) 멍에치기 Meonge Ppaegi Makgi (Mŏnge Ppaegi Makki) 멍에빼기막기 89

90 Alphabetical by Romanization This section contains the terms alphabetically in English Equivalent or Romanization. The more correct translation will appear first and other names for the technique will be in parenthesis. A Ageum Son Makgi (Agŭm Son Makki) 아금손막기 Ageum Son Palmok Japgi (Agŭm Son P'almok Chapki) 아금손팔목잡기 Agwi Son Kaljaebi (Agwison K'alchaebi) 아귀손칼재비 Ageum Son Chigi (Agŭm Son Ch'igi) 아금손치기 An Chagi (An Ch'agi) 안차기 An Chigi (An Ch'igi) 안치기 An Makgi (An Makki) 안막기 An Palmok Biteureo Makgi (An P'almok Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 안팔목비틀어막기 An Palmok Eolgul Bakkat Makgi (An P'almok Ŏlgul Pakkat Makki) 안팔목얼굴바깥막기 An Palmok Geodeureo Makgi (An P'almok Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 안팔목거들어막기 Arc Hand Block Arc Hand Wrist Grasp Arc Hand Strike (Koryo) ( there are 2 different terms for this technique) In Kick (inner crescent kick, outside to inside kick) Inward Strike Inward Block (front block, outside to inside block) Inner Forearm Twist Block Inner Forearm Face Outer Block Inner Forearm Assisted Block 90

91 An Palmok Hechyeo Makgi (An P'almok Hech'yŏ Makki) 안팔목헤쳐막기 An Palmok Makgi (An P'almok Makki) 안팔목막기 An Palmok Ollyeo Makgi 알팔목올려막기 Kkeureo Olligi 끌어울리기 Anbu 안부 Aneu-Ro Geodeo Naegi Makgi (Anŭ-Ro Kŏdŏ Naegi Makki) 안으로걷어내기막기 Angu 안구 An-jeo (An-jŏ) 앉어 Anjjong Juchum Seogi (Antchong Chuch'um Sŏgi) 안쫑주춤서기 Anjjong Seogi (Antchong Sŏgi) 안쫑서기 Ap Bal Ap Chagi (Ap Pal Ap Ch'agi) 앞발앞차기 Ap Bal Bada Chagi (Ap Pal Pada Ch'agi) 앞발받아차기 Ap Bal Butyeo Dollyeo Chagi (Ap Pal Put'yŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 앞발붙여돌려차기 Inner Forearm Wedging Block (Keumgang #1) Inner Forearm Block Inner Forearm Upward Block (Shipjin #19) Eyes (general area) Reverse Foot Blade (Arch) Lifting Block Eyeball Sit Inward Crouching Stance Inward Stance Front Foot Front Kick Front Foot Counter Kick Front Foot Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) 91

92 Ap Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Ap Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) 앞발물러돌아딛기 Ap Bal Nae Ditgi (Ap Pal Nae Titki) 앞발내딛기 Ap Bal Naeryeo Chagi (Ap Pal Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 앞발내려차기 Ap Cha Olligi (Ap Ch'a Olligi) 앞차올리기 Ap Chagi (Ap Ch'agi) 앞차기 Ap Chuk Ap Chagi (Ap Ch'uk Ap Ch'agi) 앞축앞차기 Ap Chuk Dollyeo Chagi (Ap Ch'uk Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 앞축돌려차기 Ap Gubi (Ap Kubi) 앞굽이 Ap Juchum Seogi (Ap Chuch'um Sŏgi) 앞주춤서기 Ap Kkoa Seogi (Ap Kkoa Sŏgi) 앞꼬아서기 Ap Kkum Chi (Ap Kkum Ch'i) 앞꿈치 Ap Mireo Chagi (Ap Mirŏ Ch'agi) 앞밀어차기 Ap Seogi (Ap Sŏgi) 앞서기 Apchuk Moa Seogi (Apch'uk Moa Sŏgi) 앞축모아서기 Front Foot Backwards Step (front foot pulls back to the rear foot and then the rear foot steps back) Front Foot Forward Step (the front foot steps forward and the rear foot pull up) Front Foot Axe Kick Front Rising Kick (Front Stretch Kick) Front Kick Front Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Roundhouse Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Forward Inflection (Bent Knee) Stance (Front Stance) (Taegeuk 2 Jang #2) Forward Crouching Stance Forward Cross Stance Ball Of The Foot (fore sole) Front Pushing Kick Walking Stance (Forward Stance) Reverse Attention Stance 92

93 Arae Bada Makgi (Arae Pada Makki) 아래바다막기 Foot Blade Low Block (leg checking) B Ba kkum (Pa kkum) 바꿈 Bada Chagi (Pada Ch'agi) 받아차기 Bada Makgi (Pada Makki) 받아막기 Bakkat Chagi (Pakkat Ch'agi) 바깥차기 Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat Makki) 바깥막기 Bakkat Palmok An Makgi (Pakkat P almok Makki) 바깥팔녹안막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul An Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul An Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴안막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul Biteureo Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴비틀어막기 Bakkat Palmok Eolgul Yeop Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Ŏlgul Yŏp Makki) 바깥팔목얼굴옆막기 Bakkat Palmok Geodeureo Bakkat Makgi (Pakkat P'almok Kŏdŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 바깥팔목거들어바깥막기 Bal (Pal) 발 Change (as in switch feet or switch hands) Counter Kick Absorbing Block Outer Kick (outer crescent kick, inside to outside kick) Outer Block (inside to outside block) Taegeuk 4, #9 And #11) Outer Forearm Inward Block (Taegeuk 1 #6) Outer Forearm Face Block Outer Forearm Face Twist Block Outer Forearm Face Side Block Outer Forearm Assisted Outer Block (Taegeuk 8 #1) Foot 93

94 Bal Badak (Pal Padak) 발바닥 Bal Badak Bada Makgi (Pal Padak pada Makki) 발바닥받아막기 Bal Bohodae (Pal Pohodae) 발보호대 Bal Butyeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여차기 Bal Butyeo Dollyeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여돌려차기 Bal Butyeo Huryeo Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Huryŏ Ch'agi) 발붙여후려차기 Bal Butyeo Yeop Chagi (Pal Put'yŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 발붙여옆차기 Bal Deung (Paltŭng) 발등 Bal Deung Ap Chagi (Pal Tŭng Ap Ch'agi) 발등앞차기 Bal Deung Dollyeo Chagi (Pal Tŭng Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 발등돌려차기 Bal Nal (Pal Nal) 발날 Bal Nal Deung (Pal Nal Tŭng) 발날등 Balgarak (Palgarak) 발가락 Balmok (Pal-Mok) 발목 Sole Of The Foot Foot Sole Absorbing Block Foot Guard (instep protector/e-sock) Skipping Kicks (rear foot moves forward and front foot kicks) Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Skipping Spin Hook Kick Skipping Side Kick Instep Instep Front Kick Instep Roundhouse Kick Foot Blade Arch Of The Foot Toe Ankle 94

95 Balmok Gwan-Jeol (Pal-Mok Kwan-Jŏl) 발목관절 Balmok Japgi (Palmok Chapki) 발목잡기 Balnal Deung An Makki (Pal Nal Tŭng An Makki) 발날등안막기 Bandae Jireugi (Pandae Chirŭgi) 반대지르기 Bang Hyang Bakkugi (Pang Hyang Pakkugi) 방향바꾸기 Bangeojeogin (Pangŏjŏgin) 방어적인 Ba-ro (Pa-ro) 바로 Ba-Ro Jireugi (Pa-Ro Chirŭgi) 바로지르기 Batang Son Makgi (Pat'ang Son Makki) 바탕손막기 Batang Son Chigi (Pat'ang Son Ch'igi) 바탕손치기 Batang Son Chukyeo Makgi (Pat'ang Son Ch'uk'yŏ Makki) 바탕손추켜막기 Batang Son Nulleo Makgi (Pat'ang Son Nullŏ Makki) 바탕손눌러막기 Batangson An Makgi (Pat'ang Son An Makki) 바탕손안막기 Beom Seogi (Pŏm Sŏgi) 범서기 Ankle Joint Ankle Grasp Reverse Foot Blade Inward Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Reverse Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the front leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #2) Change Direction Defensive Return (to a position, usually ready stance) Straight Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is one with the same hand as the rear leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #7) Palm Block (Taeguek 7 Jang #1) Palm Strike (Keumgang #2) Palm Body Lifting Block Palm Pressing Block (Koryo #20-1) Palm Heel Inward Block (Taegeuk 7 #1) Tiger Stance (Cat Stance) 95

96 Biteureo Makgi (Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 비틀어막기 Biteureo Naeryeo Makgi (Pit'ŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 비틀어내려막기 Bitureo Chagi (Pit'ŭrŏ Ch'agi) 비틀어차기 Bojumeok Junbi Seogi (Po Jomŏk Chunbi Sŏgi) 보조먹준비서기 Bok-Bu (Pok-Pu) 복부 Bu Chaei (Pu Ch'aei) Twist Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #5) Downward (low) Twist Block Twist Kick Covered Fist Ready Stance (#11 In Taegeuk 7, Ready Position In Ilyeo) Abdomen Fan 부채이 Bu sa-beom (Pu sa-pŏm) 부사범 Busang (Pusang) 부상 Busim (Pushim) 부심 Assistant Instructor Injury Judge C Ch il Baek Yi Ship Do Dolgae Chagi 720 도돌개차기 Cha-ryeot (Ch'a-ryŏt) 차렷 Charyeot Seogi (Ch'aryŏt Sŏgi) 차렷서기 Chegeup (Ch'egŭp) 체급 Cheokchu (Ch'ŏkch'u) 척추 720º Tornado Kick Attention Attention Stance Weight Spine 96

97 Cheokchu Singyeong (Ch ŏk-ch u Shin-Gyŏng) 척추신경 Cheokgol (Ch ŏk-gol) 척골 Cheong tti-e hong seon (Ch'ŏng tti-e hong sŏn) 청띠에홍선 Cheong (Ch'ŏng) 청 Cheong Seonsu (Ch'ŏng Sŏnsu) 청선수 Cheong tti (Ch'ŏng tti) 청 Cheong Wichi (Ch'ŏng Wich'i) 청위치 Chetda-Ri Jireugi (Ch'etta-Ri Chirŭgi) 쳇다리지르기 Chi Jireugi (Ch'i Chirŭgi) 치지르기 Chil Dan (Ch il Dan) 칠단 Cho-rok (Ch o-rok) 초록 Cho-rok tti (Ch o-rok tti) 초록띠 Cho-rok tti-e cheong-seon (Ch'o-rok tti-e ch'ŏng-sŏn) 초록띠에청선 Chul Jeon (Ch'ul Chŏn) 출전 Spinal Cord Ulna Blue Belt With Red Stripe Blue Blue contestant Blue Belt Blue contestant mark Fork Punch (Shipjin # S 21-2, 22-2, 27, 28) Upward Punch (Upper Cut) Seventh Dan Green Green Belt Green Belt With Blue Stripe Enter, also means Advance or Participate (poomsae competition) 97

98 D Dabanghyang Chagi (Tabanghyang Ch'agi) 다방향차기 Dan 단 Dan Bong Multi-Direction Kicks Black Belt Dan Ranking Sticks 단봉 Dan Jeung (Dan Chŭng) 단증 Danggyeo Chigi (Tanggyŏ Ch'igi) 당겨치기 Danggyeo Deung Jumeok Chigi (Tanggyŏ Tŭng Chumŏk Ch'igi) 당겨등주먹치기 Danggyeo Palgup Chigi (Tanggyŏ P'algup Ch'igi) 당겨팔굽치기 Danggyeo Teok Jireugi (Tanggyŏ T'ŏk Chirŭgi) 당겨턱지르기 Dari (Tari) 다리 Da-ri Bohodae (Ta-ri Pohodae) 다리보호대 Dashi (Tashi) 다시 Deung (Tŭng) 등 Deung Jumeok Ap Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Ap Ch'igi) 등주먹앞치기 Dan Certificate (Black Belt) Pulling Strike Pulling Backfist Strike (Pyungwon #9-1) Pulling Elbow Strike Pulling The Jaw Punch (Taegeuk 8 Jang # S 6 & 8) Leg Shin Guard Again Back (of the torso) Back Fist Front Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #6-2) 98

99 Deung Jumeok Bakkat Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Pakkat Ch'igi) Back Fist Outer Strike (Taegeuk 7 Jang #20) 등주먹바깥치기 Deung Jumeok Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Ch'igi) Back Fist Strike 등주먹치기 Deung Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Tŭng Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) Back Fist Downward Strike 등주먹내려치기 Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Jireugi (Digeut Cha Chirŭgi) ㄷ 자지르기 Dojang (Tojang) 도장 Dolgae An Chagi ( Tolgae An Ch'agi) 돌개안차기 Dolgae Chagi /Dolgae Dollyeo Chagi (Tolgae Ch'agi)/( Tolgae Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌개차기 / 돌개돌려차기 Dollyeo Chagi (Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 돌려차기 Dollyeo Jireugi (Tollyŏ Chirŭgi) 돌려지르기 Dong Maek (Tong Maek) 동맥 Dongjak (Tongjak) 동작 Dora Ditgi (Tora Titki) Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Shaped Punch (old term was u-shaped punch) Training Hall Spin In Kick (Chonkwon #22-1,2,3) Spin Roundhouse Kick (Tornado Roundhouse Kick, Nado Bahn) Turning Kick (Roundhouse Kick) Turning Punch (Twist Punch) Artery Technique Turning Step (Il Bo Chunjin/Il Bo Woojin) 돌아딛기 Du Bal Dang Seong Ap Chagi (Tubal Tangsŏng Ap Ch'agi) 두발당성앞차기 Double Front Kick (Taegeuk 8 Jang #3-1, First Double Kick) 99

100 Du Bal Dang Seong Chagi (Tu Pal Tang Sŏng Ch'agi) 두발당성차기 Du Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Tu Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) Double Kick (kicking low with the back foot first and then immediately kicking high with the front foot) Two Foot Backwards Step (both feet shift backwards at the same time) 두발물러돌아딛기 Du Bal Nae Ditgi (Tu Pal Nae Titki) 두발내딛기 Du Jumeok Jeochin Jireugi (Tu Chumŏk Chŏt'in Chirŭgi) 두주먹젖힌지르기 Du Mae Jumeok An Chigi (Tu Mae Chumŏk An Ch'igi) 두매주먹안치기 Du Sonnal An Chigi (Tu Sonnal An Ch'igi) 두손날안치기 Dugaegol (Tugaegol) 두개골 Dujumeok Heori Junbi Seogi (Tu Jumŏk Hŏri Junbi Sŏgi) 두주먹허리준비서기 Dwi Chagi (Twi Ch'agi) 뒤차기 Dwi Chuk Ap Chagi (Wi Ch'uk Ap Ch'agi) 뒤축앞차기 Dwi Dora Ditgi (Twi Tora Titki) Two Foot Forwards Step (both feet shift forewards at the same time) Twin Fist Palm Upward Punch (Taegeuk 7 Jang #15-3) Double Hammer Fist Inward Strike (Hansu #2) Double Knifehand Inward Strike Skull Two Fists On Hip Ready Stance (Ilyeo #18) Back Kick Front Kick With The Heel Back Turn Step 뒤돌아딛기 Dwi Jireugi (Twi Chirŭgi) 뒤지르기 Back Punch (done over the shoulder) 100

101 Dwi Jjok Himjul (Twit Chok Himjul) 뒤쪽힘줄 Dwichuk (Twich'uk) 뒤축 Dwichuk Moa Seogi (Twich'uk Moa Sŏgi) 뒤축모아서기 Dwi-Jjok Gyak-Jeom (Twi-Tchok Kyak-Chŏm) 뒤쪽약점 Dwikkumchi (Twikkumch'i) 뒤꿈치 Dwi-ro do-ra (Twi-ro do-ra) 뒤로돌아 Dwit Bal Bada Chagi (Twit Pal Pada Ch'agi) 뒷발받아차기 Dwit Bal Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Twit Pal Mullŏ Tora Titki) Achilles Tendon Heel (Back Sole) Back Attention Stance Achilles Heel Heel (back below achilles tendon) Stationary Turn (About Face) Back Foot Counter Kick Rear Foot Backwards Step (rear foot steps first and pulls the front foot back) 뒷발물러돌아딛기 Dwit Bal Nae Ditgi (Twit Pal Nae Titki) 뒷발내딛기 Dwit Gubi (Twit Kubi) 뒷굽이 Rear Foot Forwards Step (rear foot slides up to the front foot and then the front foot steps forward) Back Stance (L Stance) E Eokkae (Ŏkkae) 어깨 Eokkae Japgi (Ŏkkae Chapki) 어깨잡기 Shoulder Shoulder Grasp 101

102 Eolgul (Ŏlgul) 얼굴 Eolgul Bakkat Chyeonae Makgi (Ŏlgul Pakkat Ch'yŏnae Makki) 얼굴바깥쳐내막기 Eolgul Hechyeo Makgi (Ŏlgul Hech'yŏ Makki) 얼굴헤쳐막기 Eolgul Yeop Cha Ollyeo Makgi (Ŏlgul Yŏp Ch'a Ollyŏ Makki) 얼굴옆차올려막기 Eomji Songarak (Ŏmji Son'garak) 엄지손가락 Eongdeongi (Ŏngdŏngi) 엉덩이 Eopeo Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Ŏp'ŏ P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 엎어편손끝찌르기 Eotgeoreo Makgi (Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 엇걸어막기 Eotgeoreo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 엇걸어내려막기 Eotgeoreo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Arae Makki) 엇걸어아래막기 Eotgeoreo Naeryeo Sonnal Makgi (New Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Naeryŏ Sonnal Makki) 엇걸어내려손날막기 Eotgeoreo Arae Sonnal Makgi (Old Term) (Ŏtkŏrŏ Arae Sonnal Makki) 엇걸어아래손날막기 Face Outward Kick Face Block (outward crescent kick) Face Wedging Block Side Rising Kick Face Block Thumb Hip Spear Finger (palm down, Shipjin #3-2) Cross Block Cross Underneath Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #16 And #19) Low X-Block (Shipjin #25) 102

103 G Gae-si (Kae-si) 개시 Gal Bi (Kal Bi) 갈비 Gallyeo (Kallyŏ) 갈려 Gal-lyeo (Kal-lyŏ) 갈려 Gamjeom (Kamjŏm) 감점 Ganghan (Kanghan) 강한 Ganjang (Kanjang) 간장 Gaseum (Kasŭm) 가슴 Gawi Chagi (Kawi Ch agi) 가위차기 Gawi Makgi (Kawi Makki) 가위막기 Gawi Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Kawi Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 가위손끝찌르기 Geodeureo Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 거들어막기 Geo-meun (Kŏ-mŭn) 검은 Geo-meun tti (Kŏ-mŭn tti) 검은띠 Geoul (Kŏul) 거울 Timer Ribs Break Break (separate fighters) Deduction (minus point) Strong Liver Chest Scissors Kick (Split Kick) Scissors Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #12-13) Fingertip Thrust (two fingers apart, also called scissor finger tip thrust) Assisted Block Black Black Belt Mirror 103

104 Geum (Kŭm) Sword 금 Geu-man ( Kŭ-man) 그만 Geumgang An Palmok Momtong Makgi (Kŭmgang An P'almok Momt'ong Makki) 금강안팔목몸통막기 Geumgang Ap Jireugi (Kŭmgang Ap Chirŭgi) 금강앞지르기 Geumgang Bakkat Makgi (Kŭmgangbakkat Makki) 금강바깥막기 Geumgang Makgi (Kŭmgang Makki) 금강막기 Geumgang Yeop Jireugi (Kŭmgang Yŏp Chirŭgi) 금강옆지르기 Geunyuk (Kŭnyuk) 근육 Geup Jeung (Kŭp Chŭng) 급증 Geuryeo Olligi Makgi (Kŭryŏ Olligi Makki) 그려올리기막기 Gi (Ki) 기 Gibon Junbi Seogi (Kibon Chunbi Sŏgi) 기본준비서기 Gihap (Kihap) 기합 Girok (Kirok) 기록 Stop Diamond Inner Forearm Middle Block (Taebaek #9) Diamond Forward Punch (Jitae #11) Diamond Outer Block Diamond Block (Keumgang #8) Diamond Side Punch (Chonkwon #21) Muscle Grade Certificate (Color Belt) Drawing Up Block Life Energy Basic Ready Stance (Taegeuk 1-8) Focus Power and Energy Recorder 104

105 Gol Ban (Kol Ban) 골반 Gom Son Chigi (Kom Son Ch'igi) 곰손치기 Pelvis Bear Hand Strike Gonggyeok (Konggyŏk) 공격 Gonggyeokjeogin (Konggyŏkchŏgin) 공격적인 Gu Dan (Ku Dan) 구단 Gukgi (Kukki) 국기 Guk-gi-e dae-ha-yeo gyeong-nye (Kuk-ki-e dae-ha-yŏ gyŏng-nye) 국기에대하여경례 Gulleo Chagi (Kullŏ Ch'agi) 굴러차기 Gupin Son Momtong Chukyeo Makgi (Kup'in Son Momt'ong Ch'uk'yŏ Makki) 굽힌손몸통추켜막기 Gupin Sonmok Chigi (Kup'in Sonmok Ch'igi) 굽힌손목치기 Gupin Sonmok Makgi (Kup'in Sonmok Makki) 굽힌손목막기 Gwangdae (Kwangdae) 광대 Gwan-jang (Kwan-jang) 관장 Gwanjeol (Kwanjŏl) 관절 Gwi (Kwi) 귀 Attack Offensive Ninth Dan Flag Salute The National Flag Stamping Kick Bow Wrist Lifting Body Block Bow Wrist Strike Bow Wrist Block Cheek Head Of The School Joint Ear 105

106 Gyeodeurangi (Kyŏdŭrangi) 겨드랑이 Gyeonggo (Kyŏnggo) 경고 Armpit Warning Gyeong-nye (Kyŏng-nye) 경례 Gyeopson Junbi Seogi (Kyŏpson Junbi Sŏgi) 겹손준비서기 Gyeorugi Junbi Seogi (KyŏrugiJunbi Sŏgi) 겨루기준비서기 Gyeorumse Seogi (Kyŏrumse Sŏgi) 겨룸세서기 Gyeotda-Ri Seogi (Kyŏtta-Ri Sŏgi) 곁다리서기 Gye-si (Kye-si) 계시 Gyesok (Kyesok) 계속 Gyo-Hu (Kyo-Hu) 교후 Gyujeong (Kyujŏng) 규정 Bow (Salute) Layered Hand Ready Stance (Pyungwon, Chonkwon, Hansu) (also overlapped hands) Sparring Ready Stance Fighting Stance Assisted Stance (Hansu #11) Time out Continue Adam s Apple Rules H Hae-san 해산 Hakda-Ri Geumgang Makgi (Hakta-Ri Kŭmgang Makki) 학다리금강막기 Dismissed Crane Diamond Block (Keumgang #8) 106

107 Hakda-Ri Seogi (Hakta-Ri Sŏgi) 학다리서기 Han Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Han Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 한손끝찌르기 Crane Stance (Keumgang #8) Fingertip Thrust (One Finger) Hechyeo Makgi (Hech'yŏ Makki) 헤쳐막기 Hechyeo Santeul Makgi (Hech'yŏ Sant'ŭl Makki) 헤쳐산틀막기 Him 힘 Hoejeon (Hoejŏn) 회전 Hoe-Ri (Hŏ-Ri) 허리 Hogu (generally the chest protector) 호구 Hoheup (Hohŭp) 호흡 Hong 홍 Hong Seonsu (Hong Sŏnsu) 홍선수 Hong tti 홍띠 Hong Wichi (Hong Wich'i) 홍위치 Hong-tti-e geo-meun seon (Hong-tti-e gŏ-mŭn sŏn) 홍띠에검은선 Hubae 후배 Wedging Block Wedging Mountain Block (Pyungwon #11) Force Round Waist Protective equipment Breathing Red Red contestant Red Belt Red contestant mark Red Belt With Black Stripe Junior 107

108 Hudugol 후두골 Huin (Hŭin) 흰 Huin tti (Hŭin tti) 흰띠 Huin tti-e no-ran seon (Hŭin tti-e no-ran-sŏn) 흰띠에노란선 Hwang-So Makgi (Hwangso Makki) 황소막기 Hyeongol (Hyŏn'gol) 현골 Occipital Bone White White Belt White Belt With Yellow Stripe Bull Block (Shipjin #1) Sternum I I Dan 이단 I Dan Ap Chagi (I Tan Ap Ch'agi) 이단앞차기 I Dan Chagi (I Tan Ch'agi) 이단차기 I Dan Dollyeo Chagi (I Tan Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 이단돌려차기 I Dan Yeop Chagi (I Tan Yŏp Ch'agi) 이단옆차기 I Ma 이마 I Pum (I P'um) 이품 Il Dan 일단 Second Dan Flying Front Kick Flying Kick (second level kicks; rear foot leave the ground first then the front foot kicks) Flying Roundhouse Kick Flying Side Kick Forehead Second Poom (Junior Black Belt) First Dan 108

109 Il Pum (Il P um) 일품 In Jung 인중 Ip 입 First Poom (Junior Black Belt) Philtrun Mouth Ip Jang (Ip Chang) 입장 Ipsul 입술 Enter (sparring competition, literally means to enter a courtroom) Lips J Jageun Dol Jjeogwi (Chakŭn Tol Tchŏgwi) 작은돌쩌귀 Jagyeok Jeung (Chagyŏk Chŭng) 자격증 Jakgyo Ap Chagi (Chakkyo Ap Ch'agi) 작교앞차기 Jakgyo Biteureo Chagi (Chakkyo Pit'ŭrŏ Ch'agi) 작교비틀어차기 Jakgyo Chagi (Chakkyo Ch'agi) 작교차기 Jakgyo Dollyeo Chagi (Chakkyo Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 작교돌려차기 Jakgyo Naeryeo Chagi (Chakkyo Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 작교내려차기 Jakgyo Yeop Chagi (Chakkyo Yŏp Ch'agi) 작교옆차기 Smaller Hinge (Keumgang #10-1) Certificate Holding Front Kick Holding Twisting Kick Holding Kick (holding the opponent with the hand and kicking; see grasping techniques) Holding Roundhouse (Turning) Kick Holding Axe (Downward) Kick Holding Side Kick 109

110 Jang (Chang) Spear 장 Jang Bong (Chang Bong) Staff 장봉 Japgi (Chapki) 잡기 Jebi Pum Mok Chigi (Chebi P'um Mok Ch'igi) 제비품목치기 Jebi Pum Teok Chigi (Chebi P'um T'ŏk Ch'igi) 제비품턱치기 Jeja-Ri Dora Ditgi (Cheja-Ri Tora Titki) Grasping Swallow Technique Neck Strike (Taegeuk 4 Jang #4, Taebaek #4) Swallow Technique Jaw Strike Stepping In Place (Bouncing) 제자리돌아딛기 Jeochin Jumeok Jireugi (Chŏt'in Chumŏk Chirŭgi) Palm Upward Punch (Upset Punch) 젖힌주먹지르기 Jeochin Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Chŏt'in P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) Spear Finger (Palm Up Koryo #18-3) 젖힌편손끝찌르기 Jeong Gan I (Chŏnggangi) 정강이 Jeong Gangi Bada Makgi (Chŏng Gangi Pada Makki) 정강이바다막기 Ji Pang (Chi P'ang) Shin Shin Underneath Block Cane 지팡 Jipge Jumeok Jireugi (Chipke Chumŏk Chirŭgi) Pincer Punch 집게주먹지르기 110

111 Jipge Soseum Jumeok Jireugi (Chipke Sosŭm Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 집게솟음주먹지르기 Jitjjiki (Chittchik'i) 짓찧기 Juchum Seogi (Chuch'um Sŏgi) 주춤서기 Jul-lo-seo ( Chul-lo-sŏ) 줄로서 Jumeok (Chumŏk) 주먹 Jun-bi (Chun-bi) 준비 Junbi Seogi (Chunbi Sŏgi) 준비서기 Junggangi Bada Makgi (Chŏnggangi Pada Makki) 정강이받아막기 Jungnyeok Jungsim (Chungnyŏk Chungshim) 중력중심 Jungsim (Chungshim) 중심 Jusim (Chushim) 주심 Juwi (Chuwi) 주위 Knuckle Protruding Punch (index finger) Stomping On The Instep (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) Crouching Stance (Riding Stance) (Keumgang #9) Line Up Fist Ready Ready Stance Shin Absorbing Block Center Of Gravity Balance Referee Caution 111

112 K Kal (K al) Knife 칼 Keundol Jjeogwi (K'ŭndol Tchŏgwi) 큰돌쩌귀 Kkeureo Olligi 끌어울리기 An Palmok Ollyeo Makgi 알팔목올려막기 Kkeut (Kkŭt) 끝 Kkoa Seogi (Kkoa Sŏgi) 꼬아서기 Ko (K o) 코 Kongpat (K'ongp'at) 콩팥 Big Hinge (Keumgang #9) Inner Forearm Upward Block (Shipjin #19) End Cross Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) Nose Kidney M Mae Jumeok Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Ch'igi) 매주먹치기 Mae Jumeok Naeryeo Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 매주먹내려치기 Mae Jumeok Pyojeok Chigi (Mae Chumŏk P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 매주먹표적치기 Hammer Fist Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) Hammer Fist Target Strike (Jitae #18) 112

113 Mae Jumeok Yeop Gu-Ri Chigi (Mae Chumŏk Yŏp Ku-Ri Ch'igi) 매주먹옆구리치기 Meonge Chigi (Mŏnge Ch'igi) 멍에치기 Meonge Ppaegi Makgi (Mŏnge Ppaegi Makki) 멍에빼기막기 Meo-Ri (Mŏ-Ri) 머리 Meo-ri Bohodae (Mŏ-ri Pohodae) 머리보호대 Meo-Ri Japgi (Mŏ-Ri Chapki) 머리잡기 Migan 미간 Migol 미골 Mireo Yeop Chagi (Mirŏ Yŏp Ch'agi) 밀어옆차기 Mireo Ap Chagi (Mirŏ Ap Ch'agi) 밀어앞차기 Mireo Chagi (Mirŏ Ch'agi) 밀어차기 Mit Teok (Mit T ŏk) 밑턱 Miteu-Ro Ppaegi Makgi (Mit'ŭ-Ro Ppaegi Makki) 밑으로빼기막기 Mo Dora Ditgi (Mo Tora Titki) Hammer Fist Flank Strike Yoke Hit (Shipjin #6) Yoke Pull Out Block Head Head Guard (helmet) Head Grasp Bridge Of The Nose Coccyx Pushing Side Kick (Cut Kick) Pushing Front Kick Pushing Kick Point Of The Chin Underneath Pull Out Block Oblique Stepping 모돌아딛기 Mo Juchum Seogi (Mo Chuch'um Sŏgi) 모주춤서기 Oblique Angle Crouching Stance 113

114 Mo Seogi (Mo Sŏgi) 모서기 Moa Seogi (Moa Sŏgi) 모아서기 Modeum Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Modŭm Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모듬손끝찌르기 Moeun Du Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Moŭn Tu Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모은두손끝찌르기 Moeun Se Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Moŭn Se Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 모은세손끝찌르기 Mok 목 Mok Dongmaek (Mok Tongmaek) 목동맥 Mok Japgi (Mok Chapki) 목잡기 Mokgumeong (Mokkumŏng) 목구멍 Mom 몸 Momtong (Momt ong) 몸통 Momtong An Chyeonae Makgi (Momt'ong An Ch'yŏnae Makki) 몸통안쳐내막기 Momtong An Makgi (Momt'ong An Makki) 몸통안막기 Momtong Batchim (Momt'ong Patch'im) 몸통받침 Oblique Angle Stance Closed Stance Fingertip Thrust (All Fingers) Fingertip Thrust (Two Fingers Together) Fingertip Thrust (Three Fingers) Neck Carotid Artery Neck Grasp Throat Body Trunk Of The Body Inward Foot Arch Body Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Outside To Inside Block (Inner Block) (Taegeuk 1 #6 And #8) Push Ups 114

115 Mulleo Dora Ditgi (Mullŏ Tora Titki) 물러돌아딛기 Mung-nyeom (Mung-nyŏm) 묵념 Mureup (Murŭp) 무릎 Mureup Chigi (Murŭp Ch'igi) 무릎치기 Musul 무술 Myeong Chi (Myŏng-Ch i) 명치 Backwards Stepping (sliding backwards without switching the feet/woojin) Meditate Knee Knee Strike Martial Art Solar Plexus N Nae Dora Ditgi (Nae Tora Titki) 내돌아딛기 Naeryeo Jiruegi (Naeryŏ Chirŭgi) 내려지르기 Naeryeo Biteureo Makgi (New Term) (Naeryŏ Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 내려비틀어막기 Arae Biteureo Makgi (Old Term) (Arae Pit'ŭrŏ Makki) 아래비틀어막기 Naeryeo Chagi (Naeryŏ Ch'agi) 내려차기 Naeryeo Chigi (Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 내려치기 Forward Stepping (sliding forward without switching the feet/chunjin) Downward Punch Low Twist Block Downward Kick (Ax Kick) Downward Strike 115

116 Naeryeo Hechyeo Makgi (New Term) (Naeryŏ Hech'yŏ Makki) 내려헤쳐막기 Arae Hechyeo Makgi (Old Term) (Arae Hech'yŏ Makki) 아래헤쳐막기 Naeryeo Makgi (Naeryŏ Makki) (New Term) 내려막기 Arae Makgi (Arae Makki ) (Old Term) 아래막기 Naga Chagi (Naga Ch agi) 낙아차기 Nalgae Jireugi (Nalgae Chirŭgi) 날개지르기 Nalgae Pyeogi (Nalgae P'yŏgi) 날개펴기 Nangsim (Nangshim) 낭심 Nangsim Bohodae (Nangshim Pohodae) 낭심보호대 Naranhi Seogi (Naranhi Sŏgi) 나란히서기 Nat Low Wedging Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Low Block (Taegeuk 1 Jang #1) Hook Kick (front foot hooking kick) Wing Punch Wing Spreading (Chonkwon #1) Groin Groin Guard (cup) Parallel Stance (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Sickle 낫 Natchueo Seogi (Natch'uŏ Sŏgi) 낮추어서기 No Ri 노리 No-ran tti 노란띠 Lowered Stance (Old Style Riding Stance) Temple Yellow Belt 116

117 No-ran tti-e cho-rok seon (No-ran-tti-e ch'o-rok sŏn) Yellow Belt With Green Stripe 노란띠에초록선 No-rang 노랑 Nun 눈 Yellow Eye O O Dan 오단 Oe Santeul Makgi (Oe Sant'ŭl Makki) 외산틀막기 Oen Dora Ditgi (Oen Tora Titki) Fifth Dan Wide Open Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #5) Left Turning Step (left foot steps) 왼돌아딛기 Oen Seogi (Oen Sŏgi) 왼서기 Ogeum Seogi (Ogŭm Sŏgi) 오금서기 Oh Baek Sa Ship Do Dolgae Chagi 540 도돌개차기 Oja Seogi (Oja Sŏgi) 오자 ( ㅗ자 ) 서기 Olligi 올리기 Ollyeo (Ollyŏ) 올려 Ollyeo Makgi (Ollyŏ Makki) (New Term) 올려막기 Eolgul Makgi (Ŏlgul Makki) (Old Term) 얼굴막기 Left Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2) Reverse Crane Stance (Ilyeo #6) 540º Tornado Kick Inverted T Stance Rising Upward Upward/Rising Block, Face Block (High Block) 117

118 Oreun Dora Ditgi (Orŭn Tora Titki) Right Turning Step (right foot steps) 오른돌아딛기 Oreun Seogi (Orŭn Sŏgi) 오른서기 Right Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #4) P Pal (P al) 팔 Pal Bohodae (P'al Pohodae) 팔보호대 Pal Dan (P'al Dan) 팔단 Palgup (P algup) 팔굽 Palgup Chigi (P'algup Ch'igi) 팔굽치기 Palgup Dollyeo Chigi (P'algup Tollyŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽돌려치기 Palgup Gwanjeol (P'algup Kwanjŏl) 팔굽관절 Palgup Naeryeo Chigi (P'algup Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽내려치기 Palgup Ollyeo Chigi (P'algup Ollyŏ Ch'igi) 팔굽올려치기 Palgup Pyojeok Chigi (P'algup P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 팔굽표적치기 Palgup Yeop Chigi (P'algup Yŏp Ch'igi) 팔굽옆치기 Arm Forearm Guard Eighth Dan Elbow (towards forearm) Elbow Strike Turning Elbow Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #10) Elbow Joint Elbow Downward Strike Rising Elbow Strike (Pyungwon #5) Elbow Target Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #16) Elbow Side Strike (Koryo #20-2) 118

119 Palkkumchi (P'alkkumch'i) 팔꿈치 Palmok (P almok) 팔목 Pan Dollyeo Chagi (P'an Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 판돌려차기 Pawi Milgi (P'awi Milgi) 파위밀기 Pi (P i) 피 Pi Jang (P i Jang) 피장 Pigol (P igol) 피골 Pilseung (P'ilsŭng) 필승 Ppyeo (Ppyŏ) 뼈 Pumgye (P'umgye) 품계 Pumsae (P'umsae) Altough not correct, the Kukkiwon has chosen to Romanize this as Poomsae 품새 Pyeogi (P'yŏgi) 펴기 Pyeon Jumeok Jireugi (P'yŏn Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 편주먹지르기 Pyeon Sonkkeut (P'yŏn Sonkkŭt) 편손끝 Pyeonhi Seogi (P'yŏnhi Sŏgi) 편히서기 Elbow (general) Forearm Arc Kick (Half Turning Kick, Pi Chagi ) Boulder Pushing (Shipjin #15) Blood Spleen Fibula Certain Victory Bone Rank Form (Pattern) Stretching Flat Fist Punch Finger Tip At Ease Stance 119

120 Pyeonson Gawi Makgi (P'yŏnson Kawi Makki) 편손가위막기 Pyeonson Santeul Makgi (P'yŏnson Sant'ŭl Makki) 편손산틀막기 Pyochul (P'yoch'ul) 표출 Pyojeok Chigi (P'yojŏk Ch'igi) 표적치기 Pyojeok Makgi (P'yojŏk Makki) 표적막기 Pyojeok An Chagi (P'yojŏk An Ch'agi) 표적안차기 Pyojeok Chagi (P'yojŏk Ch'agi) 표적차기 Pyojeok Jireugi (P'yojŏk Chirŭgi) 표적지르기 Pyojeok Naeryo Makgi (new term) (P'yojŏk Naeryŏ Makki) 표적내려막기 Pyojeok Arae Makgi (old term) (P'yojŏk Arae Makki) 표적아래막기 Open Hand Scisors Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Open Hand Mountain Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Show Score (Poomsae) Target Strike Target Block Target In Kick (Taegeuk 7 Jang #21-1) Target Kick Target Punch (Koryo #17) Target Low Block (Hansu #12) S Sa Dan 사단 Sa Pum (Sa P um) 사품 Fourth Dan Fourth Poom (Junior Black Belt) 120

121 Sa-beom (Sa-bŏm) 사범 Sa-beom-nim-kke gyeong-nye (Sa-bŏm-nim-kke gyŏng-nye) 사범님께경례 Saek 색 Sam Baek Yun Ship Do Dolgae Chagi 360 도돌개차기 Sam Dan 삼단 Sam Pum (Sam P um) 삼품 Sangbakgol (Sangbakkol) 상박골 Sangwan Singyeong (Sangwan Shin'gyŏng) 상완신경 Santeul Makgi (Sant'ŭl Makki) 산틀막기 Seokkeo Chagi (Sŏkkŏ Ch'agi) 섞어차기 Seonbae (Sŏnbae) 선배 Seonsu (Sŏnsu) 선수 Seulgaegol (Sŭlgaegol) 슬개골 Seun Jumeok Jireugi (Seun Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 세운주먹지르기 Seun Pyeon Sonkkeut Jjireugi (Seun P'yŏn Sonkkŭt Tchirŭgi) 세운편손끝찌르기 Instructor Bow To The Instructor Colors 360º Tornado Kick Third Dan Third Poom (Junior Black Belt) Humerous Brachial Plexus Mountain Block (Keumgang #11) Mixed Kicks Senior Contestant Patella Vertical Punch (Standing Punch) Spear Finger (hand vertical Taegeuk 4 Jang #2 & #4) 121

122 Seung (Sŭng) Winner 승 Sigan (Shigan) Injury time out 시간 Sihap (Shihap) Bout or match 시합 Siheom (Shihŏm) 시험 Sijak (Shijak) Test (Exam) Begin (start, commence) 시작 Silgyeok (Shilgyŏk) Disqualification 실격 Simjang (Shimjang) Heart 심장 Simsawi (Shimsawi) Test Judge 심사위 Simsawiwon (Shimsawiwŏn) Test Judge Committee 심사위원 Sin Gyeong (Shin'gyŏng) Nerve 신경 Sinchuk (Shinch'uk) Flexibility 신축 Sok-Do Speed 속도 Son Hand 손 Son Badak Bada Makgi (Son Padak Pada Makki) Palm Absorbing Block 손바닥받아막기 Son Badak Geodeureo Anpalmok Makgi (Sonbadak Kŏdŭnŏ Anp'almok Pakkat Makki) Palm Supporting Inside Wrist Outward Block (Shipjin #2 & 7) 손바닥거든어안팔목바깥막기 122

123 Son Bohodae (Son Pohodae) 손보호대 Son Deung Chigi (Son Tŭng Ch'igi) 손등치기 Son Madi 손마디 Son Mok 손목 Son Nal 손날 Songarak (Son'garak) 손가락 Sonnal An Makgi (Sonnal An Makki) 손날안막기 Sonnal Bakkat Chigi (Sonnal Pakkat Ch'igi) 손날바깥치기 Sonnal Chigi (Sonnal Ch'igi) 손날치기 Sonnal Deung Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Pakkat Makki) 순날등바깥막기 Sonnal Deung Biteureo Bakkat Makki (Sonnal Tŭng Pit'ŭrŏ Pakkat Makki) 손날등비틀어바깥막기 Sonnal Deung Chigi (Sonnal Tŭng Ch'igi) 손날등치기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Makki) 손날등거들어막기 Sonnal Deung Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi Fist/Hand Guard (glove) Back Hand Strike Knuckle Wrist Hand Blade Finger Knife Hand Inward Block (Keumgang #5) Knife Hand Outer Strike (Koryo #2) Knife Hand Strike Reverse Knife Hand Outward Block Reverse Knife Hand Outward Twist Block Reverse Hand Blade Strike (Ridge Hand Strike) Reverse Hand Blade Guard Block (ridge hand guarding block) Reverse Knife Hand (ridge hand) Downward Block Assisted 123

124 (Sonnal Tŭng Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날등거들어내려막기 Sonnal Deung Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Tŭng Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날등헤쳐막기 Sonnal Deung Naeryeo Chigi (Sonnal Tŭng Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 손날등내려치기 Sonnal Deung Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Tŭng Naeryŏ Makki) 손날등내려막기 Sonnal Deung Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Tŭng Arae Makki) 손날등아래막기 Sonnal Eolgul Eotgeoreo Makgi (Sonnal Ŏlgul Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 Sonnal Eolgul Eotgeoreo Makgi (Sonnal Ŏlgul Ŏtkŏrŏ Makki) 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi (Kŏdŭrŏ Sonnal Makki) 손날거들어막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) 손날거들어내려막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 손날거들어아래막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Naeryŏ Makki) Reverse Hand Blade Wedging Block (Shipjin #16) Reverse Knife Hand Downward Strike Reverse Hand Blade Low Block (low section ridge hand block) Hand Blade Face Cross Block (high knife hand x-block) High Hand Blade X-Block Knife Hand Guarding Block (Taegeuk 4 #1 & 3) Low Knife Hand Guard Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) Low Knife Hand Guard Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) 124

125 손날거들어내려막기 Sonnal Geodeureo Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Kŏdŭrŏ Arae Makki) 손날거들어아래막기 Sonnal Geumgang Bakkat Makgi (Sonnal Kŭmgang Pakkat Makki) 손날금강바깥막기 Sonnal Makgi (Sonnal Makki) 손날막기 Sonnal Mok Chigi (Sonnal Mok Ch'igi) 손날목치기 Sonnal Momtong Hechyeo Makgi (Sonnal Momt'ong Hech'yŏ Makki) 손날몸통헤쳐막기 Sonnal Naeryeo Chigi (Sonnal Naeryŏ Ch'igi) 손날내려치기 Sonnal Naeryeo Makgi (New Term) (Sonnal Naeryŏ Makki) 손날내려막기 Sonnal Arae Makgi (Old Term) (Sonnal Arae Makki) 손날아래막기 Sonnal Ollyeo Makgi (Sonnal Ollyŏ Makki) 손날올려막기 Soseum Jumeok Jireugi (Sosŭm Chumŏk Chirŭgi) 솟음주먹지르기 Sumtong (Sum-T ong) 숨통 Suryeon(Suryŏn) 수련 Diamond Knife Hand Outward Block Knife Hand Outer Block (single blade hand block) (Taegeuk 3 Jang #7) Knife Hand Neck Strike (Taegeuk 3 Jang #5 &#6) Hand Blade Wedging Body Block Knife Hand Downward Strike Knife Hand Low Block (single blade hand low block) (Koryo #25-2) Knife Hand Upward Block (Jitae #6) Knuckle Protruding Punch (middle knuckle, Chonkwon #2-4) Windpipe Training 125

126 Suryeonsaeng (Suryŏnsaeng) 수련생 Swaegol 쇄골 Swieo (Shwiŏ) 쉬어 Student Clavicle At Ease (stand at ease) T Tae Toegol (T'ae T'oegol) 태퇴골 Femur Taesan Milgi (T'aesan Milgi) 태산밀기 Teok (T ŏk) 턱 Teok (T ŏk) 턱 Teokgwanjeol (T'ŏkkwanjŏl) 턱관절 Teullim (T'ŭllim) 틀림 Toe Jang (T'oe Chang) 퇴장 (WTF Romanizes this as: Tuaejahng, which is not considered correct) Tong Milgi Junbi Seogi (T'ong Milgi Junbi Sŏgi) 통밀기준비서기 Tti-saek (Tti-saek) 띠색 Ttwieo Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Ap Ch'agi) 뛰어앞차기 Ttwieo Chagi (Ttwiŏ Ch'agi) 뛰어차기 Mountain Pushing (Chonkwon #25-4) Chin Jaw Mandibula Incorrect Exit (Poomsae) Barrel Pushing Ready Stance (Koryo) Belt Colors Jumping Front Kick Jump Kick (both feet leave the ground at the same time) 126

127 Ttwieo Dollyeo Chagi (Ttwiŏ Tollyŏ Ch'agi) 뛰어돌려차기 Ttwieo Du Bal Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Tu Pal Ap Ch'agi) 뛰어두발앞차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Ap Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Ap Pal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발앞차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Pal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발차기 Ttwieo Yang Bal Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Bal Ch'agi) 뛰어양발차기 Twieo Yang Bal Yeop Chagi (Ttwiŏ Yang Pal Yŏp Ch'agi) 뛰어양발옆차기 Jumping Roundhouse Kick Jumping Two-Foot Front Kick Twin Front Kick Twin Kick (jumping and performing the same kick with both feet) Jump Both Feet Kick (Twin Kick) Twin Side Kick W Wi-Ro Ppaegi Makgi (Wi-Ro Ppaegi Makki) 위로빼기막기 Upward Pull Out Block Y Yakan (Yak'an) 약한 Yejeol (Yejŏl) 예절 Yeop Cha Olligi (Yŏp Ch'a Olligi) 옆차올리기 Weak Etiquette Side Rising Kick (Side Stretch Kick) 127

128 Yeop Chagi (Yŏp Ch'agi) 옆차기 Yeop Ditgi (Yŏp Titki) Side Kick Side Stepping 옆딛기 Yeop Jireugi (Yŏp Chirŭgi) 옆지르기 Yeop Makgi (Yŏp Makki) 옆막기 Yo Gol 요골 Yuk Dan 육단 Side Punch Side Block Radius (bone) Sixth Dan 128

129 Alphabetical Hangul ㄱ 가슴 Chest 가위막기 Scissors Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #12-13) 가위손끝찌르기 Fingertip Thrust (two fingers apart, also called scissor finger tip thrust) 가위차기 Scissors Kick (Split Kick) 간장 Liver 갈려 Break 갈려 Break (separate fighters) 갈비 Ribs 감점 Deduction (minus point) 강한 Strong 개시 Timer 거들어내려막기 Assisted Low Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #18) 거들어아래막기거들어막기거울검은검은띠겨드랑이겨루기준비서기겨룸세서기겹손준비서기경고경례 Assisted Block Mirror Black Black Belt Armpit Sparring Ready Stance Fighting Stance Layered Hand Ready Stance (Pyungwon, Chonkwon, Hansu) (also overlapped hands) Warning Bow (Salute) 129

130 곁다리서기 Assisted Stance (Hansu #11) 계속 계시 골반 곰손치기 공격 공격적인 관장 관절 광대 교후 구단 국기 국기에대하여경례 굴러차기 굽힌손몸통추켜막기 굽힌손목막기 굽힌손목치기 귀 규정 그려올리기막기 그만 근육 금 Continue Time out Pelvis Bear Hand Strike Attack Offensive Head Of The School Joint Cheek Adam s Apple Ninth Dan Flag Salute The National Flag Stamping Kick Bow Wrist Lifting Body Block Bow Wrist Block Bow Wrist Strike Ear Rules Drawing Up Block Stop Muscle Sword 금강막기 Diamond Block (Keumgang #8) 금강바깥막기 금강안팔목몸통막기 Diamond Outer Block Diamond Inner Forearm Middle Block (Taebaek #9) 130

131 금강앞지르기 Diamond Forward Punch (Jitae #11) 금강옆지르기 Diamond Side Punch (Chonkwon #21) 급증 기 기록 Grade Certificate (Color Belt) Life Energy Recorder 기본준비서기 Basic Ready Stance (Taegeuk 1-8) 기합 Focus Power and Energy 꼬아서기 Cross Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) 끌어울리기 Inner Forearm Upward Block (Shipjin #19) 끝 End ㄴ 나란히서기 Parallel Stance (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) 낙아차기 Hook Kick (front foot hooking kick) 날등 Arch Of The Foot 날개지르기 Wing Punch 날개펴기 Wing Spreading (Chonkwon #1) 낫 Sickle 낭심낭심보호대낮추어서기내돌아딛기내려막기 Groin Groin Guard (cup) Lowered Stance (Old Style Riding Stance) Forward Stepping (sliding forward without switching the feet/chunjin) Low Block (Taegeuk 1 Jang #1) 아래막기 131

132 내려비틀어막기아래비틀어막기내려지르기내려차기내려치기내려헤쳐막기아래헤쳐막기노란띠노란띠에초록선노랑노리눈 Low Twist Block Downward Punch Downward Kick (Ax Kick) Downward Strike Low Wedging Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #10) Yellow Belt Yellow Belt With Green Stripe Yellow Temple Eye ㄷ ㄷ 자지르기 Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Shaped Punch (old term was u-shaped punch) 다리 Leg 다리보호대 Shin Guard 다방향차기 Multi-Direction Kicks 다시 Again 단 Black Belt Dan Ranking 단봉 Sticks 단증 Dan Certificate (Black Belt) 당겨등주먹치기 Pulling Backfist Strike (Pyungwon #9-1) 당겨치기 Pulling Strike 당겨턱지르기 Pulling The Jaw Punch (Taegeuk 8 Jang # S 6 & 8) 당겨팔굽치기 Pulling Elbow Strike 132

133 도장 Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary Training Hall 돌개차기 / 돌개돌려차기 Spin Roundhouse Kick (Tornado Roundhouse Kick, Nado Bahn) 돌개안차기 Spin In Kick (Chonkwon #22-1,2,3) 돌려지르기 돌려차기 돌아딛기 동맥 동작 Turning Punch (Twist Punch) Turning Kick (Roundhouse Kick) Turning Step (Il Bo Chunjin/Il Bo Woojin) Artery Technique 두매주먹안치기 Double Hammer Fist Inward Strike (Hansu #2) 두발내딛기 Two Foot Forwards Step (both feet shift forewards at the same time) 두발당성차기 두발물러돌아딛기 Double Kick (kicking low with the back foot first and then immediately kicking high with the front foot) Two Foot Backwards Step (both feet shift backwards at the same time) 두손날안치기 두주먹젖힌지르기 두개골 Double Knifehand Inward Strike Twin Fist Palm Upward Punch (Taegeuk 7 Jang #15-3) Skull 두발당성앞차기 Double Front Kick (Taegeuk 8 Jang #3-1, First Double Kick) 두주먹허리준비서기 Two Fists On Hip Ready Stance (Ilyeo #18) 뒤돌아딛기 Back Turn Step 뒤지르기뒤차기뒤축앞차기뒤꿈치뒤로돌아뒤쪽약점 Back Punch (done over the shoulder) Back Kick Front Kick With The Heel Heel (back below achilles tendon) Stationary Turn (About Face) Achilles Heel 133

134 뒤쪽힘줄뒤축뒤축모아서기뒷굽이뒷발받아차기뒷발내딛기뒷발물러돌아딛기 Achilles Tendon Heel (Back Sole) Back Attention Stance Back Stance (L Stance) Back Foot Counter Kick Rear Foot Forwards Step (rear foot slides up to the front foot and then the front foot steps forward) Rear Foot Backwards Step (rear foot steps first and pulls the front foot back) 등 Back (of the torso) 등주먹내려치기 Back Fist Downward Strike 등주먹바깥치기 Back Fist Outer Strike (Taegeuk 7 Jang #20) 등주먹앞치기 Back Fist Front Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #6-2) 등주먹치기 Back Fist Strike 뛰어돌려차기 Jumping Roundhouse Kick 뛰어두발앞차기 Jumping Two-Foot Front Kick 뛰어앞차기 Jumping Front Kick 뛰어양발차기 Twin Kick (jumping and performing the same kick with both feet) 뛰어양발차기 Jump Both Feet Kick (Twin Kick) 뛰어양발앞차기 Twin Front Kick 뛰어양발옆차기 Twin Side Kick 뛰어차기 Jump Kick (both feet leave the ground at the same time) 띠색 Belt Colors 134

135 ᄆ 막기 Side Block 매주먹표적치기 Hammer Fist Target Strike (Jitae #18) 매주먹내려치기 Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) 매주먹내려치기 Hammer Fist Downward Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 And #4) 매주먹옆구리치기 Hammer Fist Flank Strike 매주먹치기 Hammer Fist 머리 Head 머리보호대 Head Guard (helmet) 머리잡기 Head Grasp 멍에빼기막기 Yoke Pull Out Block 멍에치기 Yoke Hit (Shipjin #6) 명치 Solar Plexus 모돌아딛기 Oblique Stepping 모서기모주춤서기모듬손끝찌르기모아서기모은두손끝찌르기모은세손끝찌르기목목동맥목잡기목구멍몸 Oblique Angle Stance Oblique Angle Crouching Stance Fingertip Thrust (All Fingers) Closed Stance Fingertip Thrust (Two Fingers Together) Fingertip Thrust (Three Fingers) Neck Carotid Artery Neck Grasp Throat Body 135

136 몸통몸통받침몸통안막기몸통안쳐내막기무릎무릎치기무술묵념물러돌아딛기미간미골밀어앞차기밀어옆차기밀어차기밑턱밑으로빼기막기 Trunk Of The Body Push Ups Outside To Inside Block (Inner Block) (Taegeuk 1 #6 And #8) Inward Foot Arch Body Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Knee Knee Strike Martial Art Meditate Backwards Stepping (sliding backwards without switching the feet/woojin) Bridge Of The Nose Coccyx Pushing Front Kick Pushing Side Kick (Cut Kick) Pushing Kick Point Of The Chin Underneath Pull Out Block ᄇ 바꿈 Change (as in switch feet or switch hands) 바깥막기 Outer Block (inside to outside block) Taegeuk 4, #9 And #11) 바깥차기 Outer Kick (outer crescent kick, inside to outside kick) 바깥팔녹안막기 Outer Forearm Inward Block (Taegeuk 1 #6) 바깥팔목얼굴비틀어막기 Outer Forearm Face Twist Block 136

137 바깥팔목얼굴안막기 바깥팔목얼굴옆막기 바깥팔목거들어바깥막기 바로 Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary Outer Forearm Face Block Outer Forearm Face Side Block Outer Forearm Assisted Outer Block (Taegeuk 8 #1) Return (to a position, usually ready stance) 바로지르기 Straight Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the rear leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #7) 바탕손눌러막기 Palm Pressing Block (Koryo #20-1) 바탕손막기 Palm Block (Taeguek 7 Jang #1) 바탕손안막기 바탕손추켜막기 Palm Heel Inward Block (Taegeuk 7 #1) Palm Body Lifting Block 바탕손치기 Palm Strike (Keumgang #2) 반대지르기 받아막기 받아차기 발 발날 발등돌려차기 발등앞차기 발바닥 발바닥받아막기 발보호대 발붙여돌려차기 발붙여옆차기 발붙여차기 발붙여후려차기 발가락 Reverse Punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is done with the same hand as the front leg) (Taegeuk 1 Jang #2) Absorbing Block Counter Kick Foot Foot Blade Instep Roundhouse Kick Instep Front Kick Sole Of The Foot Foot Sole Absorbing Block Foot Guard (instep protector/e-sock) Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Skipping Side Kick Skipping Kicks (rear foot moves forward and front foot kicks) Skipping Spin Hook Kick Toe 137

138 발날등안막기발등발목발목관절발목잡기방어적인방향바꾸기범서기보조먹준비서기복부부채이 Reverse Foot Blade Inward Block (Inward Crescent Kick) Instep Ankle Ankle Joint Ankle Grasp Defensive Change Direction Tiger Stance (Cat Stance) Covered Fist Ready Stance (#11 In Taegeuk 7, Ready Position In Ilyeo) Abdomen Fan 부사범 Assistant Instructor 부상 Injury 부심 Judge 비틀어내려막기 Downward (low) Twist Block 비틀어막기 Twist Block (Taegeuk 6 Jang #5) 비틀어차기 Twist Kick 뼈 Bone ᄉ 사단사품사범사범님께경례 Fourth Dan Fourth Poom (Junior Black Belt) Instructor Bow To The Instructor 138

139 산틀막기 Mountain Block (Keumgang #11) 삼단 삼품 상박골 상완신경 색 섞어차기 선배 선수 세운주먹지르기 Third Dan Third Poom (Junior Black Belt) Humerous Brachial Plexus Colors Mixed Kicks Senior Contestant Vertical Punch (Standing Punch) 세운편손끝찌르기 Spear Finger (hand vertical Taegeuk 4 Jang #2 & #4) 속도 손 손보호대 손등치기 손마디 Speed Hand Fist/Hand Guard (glove) Back Hand Strike Knuckle 손바닥거들어바깥막기 Palm Assisting Side Block (Shipjin #2) 손바닥받아막기 손가락 손날 손날거들어막기 손날금강바깥막기 손날내려막기 손날아래막기 손날내려치기 Palm Absorbing Block Finger Hand Blade Hand Blade Block (knife hand guard block, twin knife hand block) (Taegeuk 4 Jang #1) Diamond Knife Hand Outward Block Knife Hand Low Block (single blade hand low block) (Koryo #25-2) Knife Hand Downward Strike 손날등거들어내려막기 Reverse Knife Hand (ridge hand) Assisted Downward Block 손날등내려막기 Reverse Hand Blade Low Block 139

140 손날등아래막기 손날등내려치기 Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary (low section ridge hand block) Reverse Knife Hand Downward Strike 손날등비틀어바깥막기 Reverse Knife Hand Outward Twist Block 손날등치기 Reverse Hand Blade Strike (Ridge Hand Strike) 손날등헤쳐막기 Reverse Hand Blade Wedging Block (Shipjin #16) 손날등거들어막기 손날막기 손날목치기 손날몸통헤쳐막기 Reverse Hand Blade Guard Block (ridge hand guarding block) Knife Hand Outer Block (single blade hand block) (Taegeuk 3 Jang #7) Knife Hand Neck Strike (Taegeuk 3 Jang #5 &#6) Hand Blade Wedging Body Block 손날바깥치기 Knife Hand Outer Strike (Koryo #2) 손날안막기 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 손날얼굴엇걸어막기 손날치기 손날거들어내려막기 Knife Hand Inward Block (Keumgang #5) Hand Blade Face Cross Block (high knife hand x-block) High Hand Blade X-Block Knife Hand Strike Low Knife Hand Guard Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) 손날거들어내려막기손날올려막기손목손바닥거든어안팔목바깥막기솟음주먹지르기쇄골수련수련생 Low Knife Hand Guard Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #5) Knife Hand Upward Block (Jitae #6) Wrist Palm Supporting Inside Wrist Outward Block (Shipjin #2 & 7) Knuckle Protruding Punch (middle knuckle, Chonkwon #2-4) Clavicle Training Student 140

141 순날등바깥막기숨통쉬어슬개골승시간시작시합시험신경신축실격심사위심사위원심장 Reverse Knife Hand Outward Block Windpipe At Ease (stand at ease) Patella Winner Injury time out Begin (start, commence) Bout or match Test (Exam) Nerve Flexibility Disqualification Test Judge Test Judge Committee Heart ᄋ 아귀손칼재비아금손치기아금손막기아금손팔목잡기아래바다막기안막기안차기안치기 Arc Hand Strike (Koryo) ( there are 2 different terms for this technique) Arc Hand Block Arc Hand Wrist Grasp Foot Blade Low Block (leg checking) Inward Block (front block, outside to inside block) In Kick (inner crescent kick, outside to inside kick) Inward Strike 141

142 안팔목거들어막기 안팔목막기 안팔목비틀어막기 안팔목얼굴바깥막기 Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary Inner Forearm Assisted Block Inner Forearm Block Inner Forearm Twist Block Inner Forearm Face Outer Block 안팔목헤쳐막기 Inner Forearm Wedging Block (Keumgang #1) 안구 안부 안으로걷어내기막기 안쫑서기 안쫑주춤서기 앉어 알팔목올려막기 앞굽이 앞꼬아서기 앞밀어차기 앞발받아차기 앞발내딛기 Eyeball Eyes (general area) Reverse Foot Blade (Arch) Lifting Block Inward Stance Inward Crouching Stance Sit Inner Forearm Upward Block (Shipjin #19) Forward Inflection (Bent Knee) Stance (Front Stance) (Taegeuk 2 Jang #2) Forward Cross Stance Front Pushing Kick Front Foot Counter Kick Front Foot Forward Step (the front foot steps forward and the rear foot pull up) 앞발내려차기앞발물러돌아딛기앞발붙여돌려차기앞발앞차기앞서기앞주춤서기앞차올리기앞차기 Front Foot Axe Kick Front Foot Backwards Step (front foot pulls back to the rear foot and then the rear foot steps back) Front Foot Skipping Roundhouse Kick (Fast Kick) Front Foot Front Kick Walking Stance (Forward Stance) Forward Crouching Stance Front Rising Kick (Front Stretch Kick) Front Kick 142

143 앞축돌려차기앞축앞차기앞꿈치앞축모아서기약한어깨어깨잡기얼굴얼굴바깥쳐내막기얼굴옆차올려막기얼굴헤쳐막기엄지손가락엇걸어내려막기엇걸어아래막기엇걸어내려손날막기 Roundhouse Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Front Kick With The Ball Of The Foot Ball Of The Foot (fore sole) Reverse Attention Stance Weak Shoulder Shoulder Grasp Face Outward Kick Face Block (outward crescent kick) Side Rising Kick Face Block Face Wedging Block Thumb Cross Underneath Block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #16 And #19) Low X-Block (Shipjin #25) 엇걸어아래손날막기 엇걸어막기 Cross Block 엉덩이 Hip 엎어편손끝찌르기 Spear Finger (palm down, Shipjin #3-2) 옆딛기 Side Stepping 옆지르기 Side Punch 옆차올리기 Side Rising Kick (Side Stretch Kick) 옆차기 Side Kick 예절 Etiquette 오단 Fifth Dan 오금서기 Reverse Crane Stance (Ilyeo #6) 오른돌아딛기 Right Turning Step (right foot steps) 143

144 오른서기 Right Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #4) 오자 ( ㅗ자 ) 서기 올려 올려막기 올려막기 얼굴막기 올리기 Inverted T Stance Upward Upward/Rising Block, Face Block (High Block) Face Block (High Block) Rising 외산틀막기 Wide Open Block (Taegeuk 8 Jang #5) 왼돌아딛기 Left Turning Step (left foot steps) 왼서기 Left Stance (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2) 요골 위로빼기막기 육단 이단 이단돌려차기 이단앞차기 이단옆차기 이단차기 이품 이마 인중 일단 일품 입 입술 입장 Radius (bone) Upward Pull Out Block Sixth Dan Second Dan Flying Roundhouse Kick Flying Front Kick Flying Side Kick Flying Kick (second level kicks; rear foot leave the ground first then the front foot kicks) Second Poom (Junior Black Belt) Forehead Philtrun First Dan First Poom (Junior Black Belt) Mouth Lips Enter (sparring competition, literally means to enter a courtroom) 144

145 ᄌ 자격증 작교내려차기 작교돌려차기 작교비틀어차기 작교앞차기 작교옆차기 Certificate Holding Axe (Downward) Kick Holding Roundhouse (Turning) Kick Holding Twisting Kick Holding Front Kick Holding Side Kick 작교차기 Holding Kick (holding the opponent with the hand and kicking; see grasping techniques) 작은돌쩌귀 Smaller Hinge (Keumgang #10-1) 잡기 장 Grasping Spear 장봉 Staff 정강이바다막기 Shin Underneath Block 정강이 Shin 정강이받아막기 Shin Absorbing Block 젖힌주먹지르기 Palm Upward Punch (Upset Punch) 젖힌편손끝찌르기 Spear Finger (Palm Up Koryo #18-3) 제비품목치기 Swallow Technique Neck Strike (Taegeuk 4 Jang #4, Taebaek #4) 제비품턱치기 Swallow Technique Jaw Strike 제자리돌아딛기 Stepping In Place (Bouncing) 주먹 Fist 주심 Referee 주위 Caution 주춤서기 Crouching Stance (Riding Stance) (Keumgang #9) 145

146 준비준비서기줄로서중력중심중심지팡 Ready Ready Stance Line Up Center Of Gravity Balance Cane 집게솟음주먹지르기 Knuckle Protruding Punch (index finger) 집게주먹지르기 Pincer Punch 짓찧기 Stomping On The Instep (Taegeuk 5 Jang #20) ᄎ 차렷 Attention 차렷서기 Attention Stance 척골 Ulna 척추 Spine 척추신경 Spinal Cord 청 Blue 청 Blue Belt 청선수 Blue contestant 청위치 Blue contestant mark 청띠에홍선 Blue Belt With Red Stripe 체급 Weight 쳇다리지르기 Fork Punch (Shipjin # S 21-2, 22-2, 27, 28) 초록 Green 초록띠 Green Belt 146

147 초록띠에청선출전치지르기칠단 Green Belt With Blue Stripe Enter, also means Advance or Participate (poomsae competition) Upward Punch (Upper Cut) Seventh Dan ᄏ 칼 Knife 코 Nose 콩팥 Kidney 큰돌쩌귀 Big Hinge (Keumgang #9) ᄐ 태퇴골 Femur 태산밀기 Mountain Pushing (Chonkwon #25-4) 턱 Jaw 턱관절 Mandibula 통밀기준비서기 Barrel Pushing Ready Stance (Koryo) 퇴장 Exit (Poomsae) 틀림 Incorrect ᄑ 파위밀기 Boulder Pushing (Shipjin #15) 판돌려차기 Arc Kick (Half Turning Kick, Pi Chagi ) 147

148 팔 팔보호대 팔단 팔굽 팔굽관절 팔굽내려치기 Kukkiwon Taekwondo Dictionary Arm Forearm Guard Eighth Dan Elbow (towards forearm) Elbow Joint Elbow Downward Strike 팔굽돌려치기 Turning Elbow Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #10) 팔굽옆치기 Elbow Side Strike (Koryo #20-2) 팔굽올려치기 Rising Elbow Strike (Pyungwon #5) 팔굽치기 Elbow Strike 팔굽표적치기 Elbow Target Strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #16) 팔꿈치 팔목 펴기 편손끝 편주먹지르기 편손가위막기 편손산틀막기 편히서기 Elbow (general) Forearm Stretching Finger Tip Flat Fist Punch Open Hand Scisors Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) Open Hand Mountain Block (not knife hand because the hands are moving in different directions and using different striking surfaces) At Ease Stance 표적내려막기 Target Low Block (Hansu #12) 표적막기 Target Block 표적안차기 Target In Kick (Taegeuk 7 Jang #21-1) 표적지르기 Target Punch (Koryo #17) 표적차기 표적치기 Target Kick Target Strike 148

149 표출품계품새품새피피골피장필승 Show Score (Poomsae) Rank Pattern (Form) Form (Pattern) Blood Fibula Spleen Certain Victory ᄒ 학다리금강막기 Crane Diamond Block (Keumgang #8) 학다리서기 Crane Stance (Keumgang #8) 한손끝찌르기 Fingertip Thrust (One Finger) 해산 Dismissed 허리 Waist 헤쳐막기 Wedging Block 헤쳐산틀막기 Wedging Mountain Block (Pyungwon #11) 현골 Sternum 호구 Protective equipment 호흡 Breathing 홍 Red 홍선수 Red contestant 홍위치 Red contestant mark 홍띠 Red Belt 홍띠에검은선 Red Belt With Black Stripe 149

150 황소막기 Bull Block (Shipjin #1) 회전 Round 후두골 Occipital Bone 후배 Junior 흰 White 흰띠 White Belt 흰띠에노란선 White Belt With Yellow Stripe 힘 Force 150

151 Cardinal Numbers Koreans use the modern Korean language (hangul) for counting individual items (for example counting the repetitions in an exercise). They use Sino-Korean for counting items in a set (for example ranking the belts). # Korean Sino-Korean 1 하나 Hana 일 il 2 둘 Dul 이 I 3 셋 Set 삼 Sam 4 넷 Net 사 Sa 5 다섯 Daseot 오 O 6 여섯 Yeoseot 육 Yuk 7 일곱 Ilgop 칠 Chil 8 여덟 Yeodeol 팔 Pal 9 아홉 Ahop 구 Ku 10 열 Yeol 십 Sip 11 열하나 Yeol Hana 십일 Sip il 12 열둘 Yeol Dul 십이 Sip I 13 열셋 Yeol Set 십삼 Sip Sam 14 열넷 Yeol Net 십사 Sip Sa 15 열다섯 Yeol Daseot 십오 Sip O 16 열여섯 Yeol Yeoseot 십육 Sip Yuk 17 열일곱 Yeol Ilgop 십칠 Sip Chil 18 열여덟 Yeol Yeodeol 십팔 Sip Pal 19 열아홉 Yeol Ahop 십구 Sip Ku 20 스물 Seumul 이십 I Sip 21 스물하나 Seumul Hana 이십일 I Sip il 30 서른 Seoreun 삼십 San Sip 40 마흔 Maheun 사십 Sa Ship 151

152 50 쉰 Swin 오십 O Sip 60 예순 Yesun 육십 Yuk Sip 70 일흔 Ilheun 칠십 Chil Sip 80 여든 Yeodeun 팔십 Pal Sip 90 아흔 Aheun 구십 Ku Sip 100 백 Baek 백 Baek Ordinal Numbers # Korean Sino-Korean 1 st Cheot Jjae 첫째 Ge il 게일 2 nd Dul Jjae 둘째 Ge I 게이 3 rd Se Jjae 세째 Ge Sam 게삼 4 th Ne Jjae 네째 Ge Sa 게사 5 th Daseot Jjae 다섯째 Ge O 게오 6 th Yeoseot Jjae 여섯째 Ge Yuk 게육 7 th Ilgop Jjae 일곱째 Ge Chil 게칠 8 th Yeodeol Jjae 여덟째 Ge Pal 게팔 9 th Ahop Jjae 아홉째 Ge Ku 게구 10 th Yeol Jjae 열째 Ge Sip 게십 152

153 Kukkiwon Types of Sparring (Gyeorugi) Gyeorugi means confrontation. In Taekwondo we use the most basic form of the word to mean sparring, but it can be applied to any activity in which there is a confrontational element. The old term for sparring was daeryon and is more closely translated as fight. Daeryon come from a Japanese derivative and was therefore not seen as being proper in modern Taekwondo. Within kyorugi, there is also self defense. The modern Korean terminology for self defense is broken down into 2 parts: mom pulgi and mom makgi. Mom (momtong) is body or torso, Pulgi means to free from restraints or to liberate and Makgi comes from the Korean "mak da" which means to keep away, forbid or prevent. So, mompulgi is to free the body from being restrained and mommakgi is to prevent the body from being attacked. The older term hoshinsul is a derivative of the Japanese word goshinjutsu. Class Type Terms Explanation Gyeorugi Competition sparring 겨루기 Matchwo Gyeorugi 맞춰겨루기 Pre-arranged sparring Se Bun Gyeorugi 3-step sparring Gyeorugi 세분겨루기겨루지 Han Bun Gyeorugi 1-step sparring 한분겨루기 Han Bun Matchwo One time free contact sparring Gyeorugi 한분맞춰겨루기 Gyeorugi Anja Gyeorugi Sparring from sitting down on floor 겨루기 안자겨루지 Uija Gyeorugi Sparring from sitting in a chair Special 의자겨루기 (Teuksu) Chaeksang Gyeorugi Sparring from sitting at a table Gyeorugi 책상겨루지특수겨루지 Nuwo Gyeorugi Sparring from lying down position 누워겨루기 Mom pulgi/mom Makgi Self defense skills 몸불기 / 몸막기 153

154 Jjareun Makdae Gyeorugi Sparring against short stick Gyeorugi Against Weapons 무기에 대하여 겨루기 짤은막대겨루기 (Dan Bong Gyeorugi 단봉겨루기 ) Kin Makdae Gyeorugi 긴막대겨루기 (Jang Bong Gyeorugi 장봉겨루기 ) Jjareun Kal Gyeorugi 짤은칼겨루기 Kin Kal Gyeorugi 긴칼겨루기 (Geum Gyeorugi 금겨루기 ) Chang Gyeorugi 창겨루기 Gwonchong Gyeorugi 권총겨루기 Chonggeom Gyeorugi 총검겨루기 Sparring against long stick Sparring against short knife Sparring against long knife (sword) Sparring against spear Sparring against pistol Sparring against rifle bayonet 154

155 Appendix I Photos Geumgang Makgi (Keumgang Makgi) 금강막기 (Keumgang/Pyungwon) Geumgang An Palmok Momtong Makgi (Keumgang An Palmok Momtong Makki) 금강안팔목몸통막기 (Taebaek #9) Geumgang Ap Jireugi (Keumgang Ap Jireugi) 금강앞지르기 (Jitae) Geumgang Bakkat Palmok Makgi (Keumgang Bakkat Palmok Makgi) 금강바깥팔목막기 Geumgang Yeop Jireugi (Keumgang Yeop Jireugi ) 금강옆지르기 (Chonkwon) Jebi Pum Mok Chigi (Jebi Poom Mok Chigi) 제비품목치기 (Taegeuk 4 Jang #5) 155

156 Jebi Pum Teok Chigi (Jebi Poom T eok Chigi) 제비품턱치기 Gomson Chigi (Bear Hand Strike) 곰손치기 Pyeon Jumeok Jireugi (Flat Fist Punch) 편주먹지르기 Seun Jumeok Jireugi 세운주먹지르기 Digeut Ja ( ㄷ ) Jireugi ㄷ 자지르기 Dujumeok Heori Junbi Seogi 두주먹허리준비서기 (Ilyeo #18) Ogeum Seogi 오금서기 (Ilyeo #6) Closed Stance Moa Seogi (Moa Sŏgi) 모아서기 156

157 Inward Stance Anjjong Seogi (Antchong Sŏgi) 안쫑서기 Oblique Stance Mo Seogi (Mo Sŏgi) 모서기 Inward Crouching Stance Anjjong Juchum Seogi (Antchong Chuch'um Sŏgi) 안쫑주춤서기 Oblique Crouching Stance Mo Juchum Seogi (Mo Chuch'um Sŏgi) 모주춤서기 Reverse Attention Stance Apchuk Moa Seogi (Apch'uk Moa Sŏgi) 앞축모아서기 Inverted T Stance Oja Seogi (Oja Sŏgi) 오자 ( ㅗ자 ) 서기 157

158 Back Attention Stance Dwichuk Moa Seogi (Twich'uk Moa Sŏgi) 뒤축모아서기 At Ease Stance Pyeonhi Seogi (P'yŏnhi Sŏgi) 편히서기 Knifehand Diamond Block (Hansu) Sonnal Geumgang Makgi (Sonnal Kŭmgang Makki) 손날금강막기 Knifehand Wide Open Block (Chonkwon) Oe Santeul Makgi (Oe Sant'ŭl Makki) 외산틀막기 158

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