1 ROK Policy on Nuclear Fuel Management & Pyroprocessing July 2010
2 Nuclear Sovereignty in Korea The members of supreme council, Hanara-party are reading the book Nuclear Sovereignty in Korea : Declaration of Denuclearization is abrogated!! Let s enrich a Uranium!! (Nov. 27, 2006, Chosun-ilbo)
5 The History of Anti-Nuclear Movement against Nuclear waste dump in Korea
6 Status of Spent Fuel Storage in Korea Source : KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), 2009
7 The Status of NPPs in Korea 20 NPPs are Operating. New 8 NPPs have been completed until And another new 2 NPPs have been completed until 2022.(APR 1400)
8 The Schedule of New NPP s Construction in Korea Nuclear Power Plant Type & Capacity Commercial Operation Shin-Kori #1 #2 #3 #4 Shin-Wolsung #1 #2 Shin-Uljin #1 #2 PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW Dec Dec Sept Sept Mar Jan Dec Dec. 2016
10 Generating Capacity Mix Outlook by Fuel Type Source : Ministry of Knowledge Economy, The 4 th Basic Plan of Long-Term Electricity Supply and Demand(2008~2022)
11 Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Pe ninsula(feb. 1992) 1. The South and the North shall not test, manufacture, prod uce, receive, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons. 2. The South and the North shall use nuclear energy solely f or peaceful purposes. 3. The South and the North shall not possess nuclear reproce ssing and uranium enrichment facilities.
12 Four Principles on the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Technology(Sept. 2004) Korea Reaffirms that it does not have any intention to develop or possess nuclear weapons. Korea will firmly maintain its principle of a nuclear transparency, and it will strengthen its cooperation with the international community to this end. Korea will faithfully abide by international agreements on nuclear nonproliferation With the confidence of the international community, Korea will expand its peaceful use of nuclear energy.
13 The Propulsion of Public Engagement Stakeholders & Suspend 253th National Nuclear Committee : public & stakeholder engagement Taskforce team of Public & Stakeholder engagement, National Energy Committee Completed project of detail schedule on P&S engagaement Make up committee of P&S engagement Abruptly Cancels the First meeting on P&S engagement. For 1 year, progressing the export project
14 Speech of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade : Secretary of MFAT, Briefing - ASAP, It s necessary to change Ko-US Nuclear Agreement. - We will deliberate how to make a commercial profit on supply of nuclear fuel & management of NSF Deputy Secretary, talking with US authority. ( Yonhap News) - (On ko-us Nuclear agreement), KO-US authorities are agreed with investigating Technical & Economical reasons.
16 Nuclear waste policy in Korea (National Nuclear Committee s Decision) Date 220 th (Jul, 1988) 247 th (Jun, 1998) 253th (Dec, 2004) 255 th (Dec, 2008) Decision Until 1995, Construct Low & Intermediate level Nuclear Waste(LILW) Disposal Site. Until 1997, Construct interim storage facility of spent nuclear Fuel(SF) Until Making plan on SF management, Interim Storage on-site. Preferentially, Construct LILW Disposal Site. Decision making process( pubic & stakeholder engagement) for interim SF storage SFR(Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor), AFC(Advanced Fuel Cycle) R&D Plan Nuclear Fuel R&D Plan, Using Pyroprocessing Technology
17 Pyro-Processing( 乾式再處理, 高溫冶金方式 ) Government say, This is NOT Reprocessing. Just Recycling a Energy Resource!! We separate uranium in TRU, so we can t make plutonium. We can reduce volume of spent-fuel to 1/20. We can reduce area nuclear waste dump to 1/100. We can reduce radioactivity of waste to 1/1000. But We mistrust, Technical possibility. Really reduce volume of spent-fuel? Nuclear-fantasy : they wish to complete nuclear fuel cycle and to increase budget scale on nuclear R&D. First of all, We refuse nuclear power plant.
18 Long-Term R&D Plan for SFR & Pyroprocess Source : KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), 2009
19 Long-Term R&D Plan for SFR & Pyroprocess Source : KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), 2009
20 Reprocessing & Pyroprocessing?
21 Conclusion It s necessary to Bring up NSF Issue in Korean Civil-society. Many Korea people DO NOT KNOW spent nuclear fuel issues. Needs for monitoring programs on NSF & Proliferation It s necessary to deliberate among various stakeholders. Insufficiency of experience on deliberate democracy. The Contradiction of Nuclear Industry promotion & Nuclear Waste Issues. Solution of Nuclear waste issues More New NPPs.
22 Heonseok LEE - Representative, Energy Justice Actions - Blog : - Twitter -