슬라이드 1

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1 ROK Policy on Nuclear Fuel Management & Pyroprocessing July 2010

2 Nuclear Sovereignty in Korea The members of supreme council, Hanara-party are reading the book Nuclear Sovereignty in Korea : Declaration of Denuclearization is abrogated!! Let s enrich a Uranium!! (Nov. 27, 2006, Chosun-ilbo)

3 Nuclear Fuel Cycle in Korea

4 Wet & Dry Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel Wet Storage (PWR / Kori, Youngkwang, Uljin, Wolsung) Dry Storage (CANDU, Wolsung)

5 The History of Anti-Nuclear Movement against Nuclear waste dump in Korea

6 Status of Spent Fuel Storage in Korea Source : KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), 2009

7 The Status of NPPs in Korea 20 NPPs are Operating. New 8 NPPs have been completed until And another new 2 NPPs have been completed until 2022.(APR 1400)

8 The Schedule of New NPP s Construction in Korea Nuclear Power Plant Type & Capacity Commercial Operation Shin-Kori #1 #2 #3 #4 Shin-Wolsung #1 #2 Shin-Uljin #1 #2 PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(OPR1000), 1000MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW PWR(APR1400), 1400MW Dec Dec Sept Sept Mar Jan Dec Dec. 2016

9 Generating Capacity Mix Outlook by Fuel Type Year Nuclear Coal LNG Oil New & Renewable Pumped storage / RCS Total 2007 (actual) 142,937 (35.5) 154,674 (38.4) 78,427 (19.5) 18,228 (4.5) 4,313 (1.1) 4,546 (1.1) 403,125 (100.0) ,070 (31.3) 190,089 (41.0) 91,192 (19.7) 10,465 (2.3) 11,943 (2.6) 15,132 (3.3) 463,891 (100.0) ,726 (38.6) 206,482 (39.9) 66,577 (12.9) 934 (0.2) 20,942 (4.0) 23,206 (4.5) 517,867 (100.0) ,848 (45.8) 206,837 (37.9) 34,592 (6.3) 914 (0.2) 25,844 (4.7) 27,859 (5.1) 545,894 (100.0) ,180 (47.9) 198,822 (35.9) 34,132 (6.2) 887 (0.2) 25,844 (4.7) 28,432 (5.1) 553,297 (100.0) Source : Ministry of Knowledge Economy, The 4 th Basic Plan of Long-Term Electricity Supply and Demand( )

10 Generating Capacity Mix Outlook by Fuel Type Source : Ministry of Knowledge Economy, The 4 th Basic Plan of Long-Term Electricity Supply and Demand(2008~2022)

11 Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Pe ninsula(feb. 1992) 1. The South and the North shall not test, manufacture, prod uce, receive, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons. 2. The South and the North shall use nuclear energy solely f or peaceful purposes. 3. The South and the North shall not possess nuclear reproce ssing and uranium enrichment facilities.

12 Four Principles on the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Technology(Sept. 2004) Korea Reaffirms that it does not have any intention to develop or possess nuclear weapons. Korea will firmly maintain its principle of a nuclear transparency, and it will strengthen its cooperation with the international community to this end. Korea will faithfully abide by international agreements on nuclear nonproliferation With the confidence of the international community, Korea will expand its peaceful use of nuclear energy.

13 The Propulsion of Public Engagement Stakeholders & Suspend 253th National Nuclear Committee : public & stakeholder engagement Taskforce team of Public & Stakeholder engagement, National Energy Committee Completed project of detail schedule on P&S engagaement Make up committee of P&S engagement Abruptly Cancels the First meeting on P&S engagement. For 1 year, progressing the export project

14 Speech of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade : Secretary of MFAT, Briefing - ASAP, It s necessary to change Ko-US Nuclear Agreement. - We will deliberate how to make a commercial profit on supply of nuclear fuel & management of NSF Deputy Secretary, talking with US authority. ( Yonhap News) - (On ko-us Nuclear agreement), KO-US authorities are agreed with investigating Technical & Economical reasons.

15 Hanara-party(Government party) s speech on Kor-US nuclear Agreement 한나라당정책위 한미원자력협정에핵연료재처리금지문제가평화적핵주권에합당하게완화되는쪽으로개정되어야한다 한나라당김성조정책위의장 ( 뉴시스 ) - ( 핵주권론 ) 문제가남북간긴장이고조됐다고그긴장을피하기위해논의를자제할문제는아니라고생각한다. 당연히우리가가져야할권리를요구하는행위다. - ( 한나라당정책의장단논의로발표한핵주권론발표가북한에위협일수있다는지적에대해 ) 핵과관련해모든정보를개방하고있는우리나라정도의신뢰도라면일본정도의핵주권을갖는게부당한것은아니지않는가? 한나라당최구식의원주최 사용후핵연료이슈와과제 정책토론회 - 정몽준한나라당대표질문 일본은 ( 사용후핵연료 ) 재처리시설에간해미국으로부터포괄적동의를받아냈다는데우리는왜그렇게하지못하는가? ( 이투뉴스 )

16 Nuclear waste policy in Korea (National Nuclear Committee s Decision) Date 220 th (Jul, 1988) 247 th (Jun, 1998) 253th (Dec, 2004) 255 th (Dec, 2008) Decision Until 1995, Construct Low & Intermediate level Nuclear Waste(LILW) Disposal Site. Until 1997, Construct interim storage facility of spent nuclear Fuel(SF) Until Making plan on SF management, Interim Storage on-site. Preferentially, Construct LILW Disposal Site. Decision making process( pubic & stakeholder engagement) for interim SF storage SFR(Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor), AFC(Advanced Fuel Cycle) R&D Plan Nuclear Fuel R&D Plan, Using Pyroprocessing Technology

17 Pyro-Processing( 乾式再處理, 高溫冶金方式 ) Government say, This is NOT Reprocessing. Just Recycling a Energy Resource!! We separate uranium in TRU, so we can t make plutonium. We can reduce volume of spent-fuel to 1/20. We can reduce area nuclear waste dump to 1/100. We can reduce radioactivity of waste to 1/1000. But We mistrust, Technical possibility. Really reduce volume of spent-fuel? Nuclear-fantasy : they wish to complete nuclear fuel cycle and to increase budget scale on nuclear R&D. First of all, We refuse nuclear power plant.

18 Long-Term R&D Plan for SFR & Pyroprocess Source : KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), 2009

19 Long-Term R&D Plan for SFR & Pyroprocess Source : KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), 2009

20 Reprocessing & Pyroprocessing?

21 Conclusion It s necessary to Bring up NSF Issue in Korean Civil-society. Many Korea people DO NOT KNOW spent nuclear fuel issues. Needs for monitoring programs on NSF & Proliferation It s necessary to deliberate among various stakeholders. Insufficiency of experience on deliberate democracy. The Contradiction of Nuclear Industry promotion & Nuclear Waste Issues. Solution of Nuclear waste issues More New NPPs.

22 Heonseok LEE - Representative, Energy Justice Actions - Blog : - Twitter -

23 < 핵연료주기에대한한국정부의공식입장 > 핵연료주기에대한한국정부의공식입장 일시발표제목발표자내용 한반도비핵화선언 남북고위급회담. 1. 남과북은핵무기시험, 제조, 생산, 접수, 보유, 저장, 배비, 사용을하지않는다. 2. 남과북은핵에너지를오직평화로운목적에만사용한다. 3. 남과북은핵재처리시설과우라늄농축시설을보유하지아니한다 국가방사성폐기물관리대책 제 249 차원자력위원회 중 저준위방사성폐기물영구처분시설과사용후핵연료중갂저장시설을함께건설. - 중 저준위방사성폐기물처분시설은 2008 년까지준공. - 사용후핵연료중갂저장시설은 2016 년까지준공 핵의평화적이용 4 원칙 국가안젂보장회의 (NSC) 1) 핵무기를개발하거나보유할의사없음. 2) 핵투명성원칙을확고히유지. 3) 핵비확산에관한국제규범준수. NPT, 한반도비핵화선언철저준수. 4) 핵의평화적이용범위확대 국가방사성폐기물관리대책 제 253 차원자력위원회 중 저준위방사성폐기물영구처분시설우선추짂 (2008 년완공 ) 사용후핵연료관리방침은국가정책방향, 국내외기술개발추이등을감안하여중장기적논의를거쳐국민적공감대하에추짂 미래원자력시스템연구개발장기추짂계획 제 255 차원자력위원회 파이로프로세스 (Pyroprocess) 를통한핵연료개발계획및이를활용하기위한소듐냉각고속로 (SFR) 계획포함.